Institute for Policy Studies
- Not to be confused with the UK-based Policy Studies Institute
|Institute for Policy Studies|
|Motto||Ideas into Action for Peace, Justice, and the Environment.|
|Type||Policy think tank|
|Headquarters||Washington, DC, United States|
Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) is a think tank based in Washington, D.C.. It has been directed by John Cavanagh since 1998. The organization focuses on U.S. foreign policy, domestic policy, human rights, international economics, and national security.
The IPS is one of the five major, independent think tanks in Washington. Members of the IPS played key roles in the civil rights and anti-war movements of the 1960s, in the women's and environmental movements of the 1970s, and in the peace, anti-apartheid, and anti-intervention movements of the 1980s.
As soon as IPS opened its doors in 1963, it plunged into the anti-Vietnam War movement. In 1965, Raskin and Associate Fellow Bernard Fall edited The Vietnam Reader, which became a textbook for teach-ins across the country. In 1967, Raskin and IPS Fellow Arthur Waskow penned "A Call to Resist Illegitimate Authority", a document signed by dozens of well-known scholars and religious leaders that helped launch the draft resistance movement. IPS also organized Congressional seminars and published numerous books that challenged the national security state, including Gar Alperovitz’s Atomic Diplomacy and Barnet's Intervention and Revolution. IPS was the object of repeated FBI and Internal Revenue Service probes. The Nixon Administration placed Barnet and Raskin on their now infamous Enemies List.
In 1964, several leading African-American activists joined the staff and turned IPS into a base of support for the Civil Rights Movement in the nation's capital. Fellow Robert Parris Moses organized trainings for field organizers of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Council on the links between civil rights theory and practice, while Ivanhoe Donaldson initiated an assembly of African-American government officials.
The IPS was also at the forefront of the feminist movement. Fellow Charlotte Bunch organized a historic women's liberation conference in 1966 and later launched two feminist periodicals, Quest and Off Our Backs. Rita Mae Brown wrote and published her path-breaking lesbian coming-of-age novel Rubyfruit Jungle while on the staff in the 1970s.
In 1976, the Institute's destiny became irrevocably linked with the international human rights movement when agents of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet murdered two IPS colleagues on Washington’s Embassy Row. The target of the car bomb attack was Orlando Letelier, a former Chilean official, one of Pinochet’s most outspoken critics and the head of IPS's sister organization, the Transnational Institute (TNI). Ronni Karpen Moffitt, a 25-year-old IPS development associate, was also killed.
The Institute for Policy Studies hosts an annual human rights award in the names of Letelier and Moffitt to honor these fallen colleagues while celebrating new heroes of the human rights movement from the United States and elsewhere in the Americas. The award recipients receive the Letelier-Moffitt Human Rights Award.
In its attention to the role of multinational corporations, it was also an early critic of what has come to be called globalization. Richard Barnet's 1974 examination of the power of multinational corporations, Global Reach was one of the first books on the subject.
In the 1980s, IPS became heavily involved in supporting the movement against U.S. intervention in Central America. IPS Director Robert Borosage and other staff helped draft Changing Course: Blueprint for Peace in Central America and the Caribbean, which was used by hundreds of schools, labor unions, churches, and citizen organizations as a challenge to U.S. policy in the region.
In 1986, after six years of the Reagan administration, Sidney Blumenthal claimed that "Ironically, as IPS has declined in Washington influence, its stature has grown in conservative demonology. In the Reagan era, the institute has loomed as a right-wing obsession and received most of its publicity by serving as a target."
In the early 1990s, IPS began monitoring the environmental impacts of U.S. trade, investment, and drug policies.
Since 1994, IPS has also published an annual report on the disparity between CEO and worker pay that has garnered widespread coverage in the mainstream media and helped put the issue of economic inequality at the center of the political debate.
Harvey Klehr, professor of politics and history at Emory University, in his 1988 book Far Left of Center: The American Radical Left Today said that IPS "serves as an intellectual nerve center for the radical movement, ranging from nuclear and anti-intervention issues to support for Marxist insurgencies". Joshua Muravchik, a former scholar with the American Enterprise Institute has also accused the institute of communist sympathies. Furthermore, it has been accused by the FBI of being a "think factory" that helps to "train extremists who incite violence in U.S. cities, and whose educational research serves as a cover for intrigue, and political agitation."
In 1974, the Institute created an "Organizing Committee for the Fifth Estate" as part of its "Center for National Security Studies" which published (and still publishes) the magazine CounterSpy. CounterSpy has in turn been the subject of scrutiny by officials and intelligence agencies, who claim that the magazine's "driving force" was ex-CIA agent and alleged Cuban/KGB agent Philip Agee, and was accused by US President George H.W. Bush and others of leading to the murder of the then CIA Station Chief in Greece, Richard S. Welch.
In his book The KGB and Soviet Disinformation: An Insider's View Ladislav Bittman, a former StB agent who worked in misinformation operations, covered the IPS's role in the Soviet intelligence network. Bittman argued that IPS was one of the several liberal think tanks that acted as pro-Soviet propaganda agencies, but his own assertions may have been counterpropaganda themselves. Brian Crozier, director of the London-based Institute for the Study of Conflict, described IPS as the "perfect intellectual front for Soviet activities which would be resisted if they were to originate openly from the KGB".
- Sarah Anderson
- Phyllis Bennis
- John Cavanagh
- Karen Dolan
- Saul Landau
- Marcus Raskin
- Sanho Tree
- Daphne Wysham
Research Fellows 
Senior Scholars 
- Maude Barlow
- Norman Birnbaum
- Noam Chomsky
- Steve Cobble
- Chuck Collins
- Barbara Ehrenreich
- Paul Epstein
- Richard Falk
- Bill Fletcher
- Andy Levine
- Jerry Mander
- Jack O'Dell
- Vandana Shiva
Associate Fellows 
- Carlos Albacete
- Beverly Bell
- Stacie Jonas
- Antonia Juhasz
- Ben Manski
- Paul Paz
- Manuel Perez Rocha
- Sam Pizzigati
- Caleb Rossiter
- Amy Quinn
- Dave Ranney
- Osagyefo Sekou
Leadership and Board 
- Harriet Barlow, Senior Advisor, HKH Foundation
- Harry Belafonte, Singer, Actor, Producer, Activist
- Robert L. Borosage, President, Institute for America’s Future
- Elsbeth Bothe, Retired Baltimore Circuit Court Judge
- John Cavanagh, Global Economy Senior Fellow
- James Early, Director, Cultural Studies and Communication, Center for Folklife Programs and Cultural Heritage, Smithsonian Institution
- Barbara Ehrenreich, Writer
- Ralph Estes, Executive Director, Stakeholder's Alliance; Senior Scholar, Institute for Policy Studies
- Jodie Evans Co-Founder, CODEPINK: Women for Peace
- Frances Farenthold, Attorney; Former member, Texas legislature
- Lisa Fuentes, Scholar, Latin American Studies; Activist
- Larry Janss, Filmmaker
- Saul Landau, IPS Fellow
- Nancy Lewis, Activist
- E. Ethelbert Miller, Director, African American Resource Center, Howard University; Poet
- Marcus Raskin, Paths for Reconstruction in the 21st Century Distinguished Fellow
- Andy Shallal, Owner, Busboys & Poets; Artist
- Lewis Steel, Civil rights attorney, Outten & Golden, LLP
- Katrina vanden Heuvel, Editor and Publisher, The Nation
- Daphne Wysham, Sustainable Energy and Economy Network Fellow
- Howard J. Wiarda; Esther M. Skelley (2006). The Crisis of American Foreign Policy: The Effects of a Aivided America. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 102-103. ISBN 0742530388.
- Richard Peet (2007). Geography of Power: Making Global Economic Policy. Zed Books. p. 93. ISBN 1-84277-711-4.
- The Internship Bible (10th ed.). The Princeton Review. 2005. p. 223. ISBN 0375764682.
- Scholars' Guide to Washington, D.C. for Central Asian and Caucasus Studies. M. E. Sharpe. 2005. pp. 171–172. ISBN 0-7656-1579-7.
- "A Call to Resist Illegitimate Authority".
- Barnet and Raskin are listed on the more comprehensive Master list of Nixon political opponents; History of IPS, IPS website
- Letelier case
- IPS 30th Anniversary Report
- FSAM Chronology
- Sidney Blumenthal, Washington Post, 30 July 1986, Left-Wing Thinkers
- Executive Compensation studies
- Klehr 1988, p. 177
- Muravchik, Joshua (1984). ""Communophilism" and the Institute for Policy Studies". World Affairs 147 (1).
- United States Government, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Memorandum to Director, FBI, Bufile 105-185148, from Sac. WFO (100-45302) (P), May 4, 1970, p. 1 ("communist"), p. 2 (Confidential). Author's file on IPS/TNI.
- Binnenlandse Veiligheidsdienst, Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) (confidential Dutch intelligence report, 1982), p. 7, 8.
- Andrew p. 230, referencing Kalugin, Oleg (1995). Spymaster: The Highest-ranking KGB Officer Ever to Break His Silence. Blake Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85685-101-X. p. 191-192 Andrew states: "The KGB files noted by Mitrokhin describe Agee as an agent of the Cuban DGI and give details of his collaboration with the KGB, but do not formally list him as a KGB or DGI agent. vol. 6, ch. 14, parts 1,2,3; vol. 6, app. 1, part 22."
- Andrew, p. 231
- "Once Again, Ex-Agent Philip Agee Eludes CIA's Grasp", Los Angeles Times, October 14, 1997
- "Philip Agee, 72; Agent Who Turned Against CIA". Washington Post. 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- Staff report (January 5, 1976). Kidnaping in Vienna, Murder in Athens. Time
- Ladislav Bittman (1985). The KGB and Soviet Disinformation: An Insider's View.
- S. Steven Powell (1987). Covert Cadre: Inside the Institute for Policy Studies. p. 359.
- The Idea of Propaganda: A Reconstruction. Greenwood Publishing Group. 2002. pp. 119–120. ISBN 0-275-97445-6.
- The War Called Peace: Glossary, published 1982