Ipiales

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Ipiales
Municipality and town
View of July 20's Square (Plaza 20 de julio)
View of July 20's Square (Plaza 20 de julio)
Flag of Ipiales
Flag
Official seal of Ipiales
Seal
Location of the municipality and town of Ipiales in the Nariño Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Ipiales in the Nariño Department of Colombia.
Ipiales is located in Colombia
Ipiales
Ipiales
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 0°49′49″N 77°38′40″W / 0.83028°N 77.64444°W / 0.83028; -77.64444Coordinates: 0°49′49″N 77°38′40″W / 0.83028°N 77.64444°W / 0.83028; -77.64444
Country  Colombia
Department Nariño Department
Government
 • Mayor Darío Ignacio Vela de los Ríos
Area
 • Total 1,707 km2 (659 sq mi)
Elevation 2,898 m (9,508 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 85,193
 • Density 50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Demonym Ipialeño
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website (Spanish)

Ipiales is a city in Nariño Department, Colombia, near the border with Ecuador. It is located at around 0°49′49″N 77°38′40″W / 0.83028°N 77.64444°W / 0.83028; -77.64444, with an elevation of about 2950 m. Ipiales is located on the high plateau called "Tuquerres e Ipiales, the city lies at a distance of 82 km from Pasto, the depart capital." The municipality's main attraction is the impressive architecture of the Las Lajas Cathedral. Ipiales is known as "la ciudad de las nubes verdes" (the city of the green clouds) because some times, especially in the afternoon, green clouds appear over the city. One of the area's favorite foods is the guinea pig or cavy (Cavia porcellus), called kuy or kuwi.[1] The economy of this city is based on trade between Ecuador and Colombia. One of the biggest festivals is called the "Black and White Carnival". Through this event people from Ipiales celebrate racial diversity. People paint each other with make-up and a white soap, called careoca. Many tourists travel to see this event from all over the country.

Economy[edit]

Santuario de las Lajas
Landscape ipialeño.

The inhabitants of the town of Ipiales are as important economic activities: trade, small businesses, tourism, and in rural areas: agriculture, livestock, minor species. In minerals: oil on Churuyaco jungle, rock quarries and crafts in Las Lajas, topdressing in Old Bridge, clay in the Tejar. Natural resources are abundant throughout its territory.

Ipiales is land and air border port, with intense trade with the peoples of the former province of Obando and as crossroad for travelers from the Andean Pact countries, especially Ecuador, is the second most important border Colombia. A wide legislation to control the flow of people and vehicles, with international treaties and agreements on economic and border relations in all social cultural and economic. There Neighborhood and Integration Commission Colombo - Ecuador 1989. Republic of Colombia. Neighbourhood Binational Commissions. The Border Integration 1993, the Border Act 1995. The Special Economic Zone Export 2000, to improve the economic, institutional and social of this region, but everything has been "good intentions", as there is no vocation to create business, manufacturing or assembling artifacts, goods or services, for we do not have the infrastructure, equipment or decision for these projects.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Ipiales is the southwest of Colombia, and the Department of Nariño, in the Andean highlands of 'Túquerres and Ipiales'. The city is located 3 km from the Colombian-Ecuadorian and 82 km of Pasto. It communicates with the interior by the Pan American Highway, which continues along the Ecuadorian population Tulcán, after crossing the international bridge Rumichaca (Quechua rumi stone, chaka bridge, "stone bridge") over the river Carchi in Narino territory called Guaytara to 800 meters, from the viewpoint of Ipiales.

Orographic[edit]

The orographic Ipiales Township are part of Narino highlands, the Guaitara canyon, and the Western Cordillera; Cofanía valley and part of the Amazon basin. The moors: to Mueses and The Palace, the hills: Troy, La Quinta, Culachí, Black, French, Tigre and Pax. The territory of the municipality is slightly wavy with climatic zones: cold, desert, warm, medium, respectively. Geographic Institute "Agustin Codazzi '. T. Andrade, Ob. cit., 1974. The average height of the town is 2900 m, making it Colombia's highest city (although not the highest town) and among the highest cities in the world.

Hydrography[edit]

Guáytara (name quechua)

Consists of three major watersheds: Jácome Benavides, Julio and others. Diagnosis municipal Ipiales.

1. Guáitara River Basin, and its tributaries: Boqueron River in the upper part is broken Doña Juana Blanco River, Carchi, Morro broken, or Pulcas Teques, Orejuela, El Rosario, Cutuaquer. Bishop Mejía says, "but no river Guaytara explored more in our land and dug more in our soul."; Mejia Mejia, JC Villaviciosa Hatunllacta province. "River engineer" for its dramatic chasms, its spectacular canyon and beautiful landscapes in their journey of 135 miles to its mouth in the Patia River.

2. Chingual River Basin, which in its upper part is broken or Chúnquer Pun, and San Francisco River tributaries, Green, Yamués, The Cultún.

3. San Miguel River Basin, and its tributaries: River Churuyaco, Sapoyaco, Rumiyaco, Kerosene, Lora, Rancheria.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ipiales
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61)
16.2
(61.2)
15.7
(60.3)
14.9
(58.8)
14.1
(57.4)
14.6
(58.3)
15.6
(60.1)
16.4
(61.5)
16.6
(61.9)
16.2
(61.2)
15.69
(60.26)
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.1
(43)
6.5
(43.7)
6.6
(43.9)
6.6
(43.9)
5.9
(42.6)
5.1
(41.2)
5.0
(41)
4.9
(40.8)
5.7
(42.3)
6.2
(43.2)
6.1
(43)
5.88
(42.6)
Rainfall mm (inches) 79.4
(3.126)
79.1
(3.114)
97.8
(3.85)
107.9
(4.248)
83.7
(3.295)
54.4
(2.142)
43.6
(1.717)
38.1
(1.5)
51.8
(2.039)
87.0
(3.425)
105.7
(4.161)
96.4
(3.795)
924.9
(36.412)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 18 17 21 21 22 21 20 19 18 18 20 20 235
Source: WMO

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kichwa Yachakukkunapa Shimiyuk Kamu (Ministry of Education, Ecuador)

External links[edit]