Islamic World Academy of Sciences
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (May 2007)|
||This article appears to be written like an advertisement. (December 2007)|
The Islamic Academy of Sciences (IAS) is a non-profit organisation of distinguished scientists and technologists dedicated to the promotion of science and technology in the Muslim world.
Sound scientific knowledge is fundamental to addressing critical issues such as economic transformation and globalization, reduction of poverty, hunger, disease, and the sustainable use of natural resources – facing the world today. National, regional and international science academies can marshal the world's best scientists to provide expert knowledge and advice to international bodies, such as the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the United Nations, which are charged with addressing these issues. They can, more importantly, also engage decision-makers at the national level.
In response to the need for an international organisation that can play such a role and cater for the needs of the Islamic scientific community, the Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) came into being in 1986.
The establishment of the Islamic world Academy of Sciences IAS was initially proposed by the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC, now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation) Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Co-operation (COMSTECH), and approved by the Fourth Islamic Summit held in Casablanca in 1984.
Upon the invitation of Jordan, the Founding Conference of the Academy was held in Amman (Jordan) in October 1986, under the patronage of HRH Prince Al-Hassan, who accepted the patronage of the Academy together with HE the President of Pakistan. Operating from its Amman Secretariat, the Academy hopes to continue the work it had started in 1986, namely assisting the decision-makers and scientists and technologists of the Ummah and helping them achieve an advanced level of development for their countries.
The structure of the IAS consists of a General Assembly, Council, Secretariat and Standing Committees.
The General Assembly
The Academy itself is governed by the General Assembly in which all founding and elected persons are members. In January 2001, there were 88 elected persons representing 30 Muslim-majority countries, from across a diverse range of scientific disciplines. These persons are widely eminent figures and are considered in one way or another to have made a large and important contribution to the development of their own home countries and to the Muslim world in general. Since its establishment in 1986, the General Assembly has convened annually and the major issues discussed at each of these gatherings are the planning and accomplishing of future Academy activities.
The council is responsible for the management and direction of the Academy and consists of eleven executive members which are elected by the General Assembly for a four year term of office, and which is subject to its regulation and supervision.
The Academy Secretariat
Based in Amman, the capital of Jordan, the academy secretariat is the executive arm of the IAS and its primary function is to maintain the institutional establishment of the IAS and implement its plan of action within the guidelines set by the Council and General Assembly. The secretariat receives an annual maintenance grant and is provided with the diplomatic immunities by the Jordanian government.
The task of implementing the Academy's programme, as well as being the responsibility of the General Assembly, Council and Secretariat, is also that of the five Academy Standing Committees, which were intended to be instruments to generate programmes for the academy when it was founded. The Academy currently has the following Standing Committees:
- Science and Technology Policy Committee
- Science and Technology Manpower Development Committee
- Natural Resources Development Committee
- High Technology Development Committee
- Environment and Development Committee
- Prof. Mohammad Ibrahim (1911–1988) Bangladesh.
- Prof. Djibril Fall (1930–1992) Senegal.
- Prof. Salimuzzaman Siddiqui (1897–1994) Pakistan.
- Prof. Abdus Salam Mia (1925–1995) Bangladesh/USA.
- Prof. Suleiman Gabir Hamad (1937–1996) Sudan.
- Prof. Mohammad R Siddiqui (1908–1998) Pakistan.
- Prof. Abdullah M Sharafuddin (1930–1998) Bangladesh.
- Prof. Achmed Baiquni (1923–1998) Indonesia.
- Prof. Mumtaz Ali Kazi (1928–1999) Pakistan.
- Prof. Farmaz G Maksudor ( 1930–2000) Azerbaijan.
- Prof. Ali Kettani (1941–2001) Morocco.
- Prof. Mohamed Kamel Mahmoud (1926–2003) Egypt
- Prof. Samaun Samadikun (1931–2006) Indonesia
IBRAHIM Award Lauraetes of IAS are as follows:
- Prof. Ugur Dilmen 1996, Turkey.
- Prof. Mohammad Abdollahi, 2005, Iran. http://www.researcherid.com/rid/B-9232-2008
- Prof. Mohammaed Mannan Al-Qattan 2007, Saudi Arabia.
- Ergin, M., Altinbilek, H. D., Zou'bi, M. R. (Editors), 1994. Water in the Islamic World: An Imminent Crises. Amman, Jordan: Islamic World Academy of Sciences.
- Zou'bi, M. R., 2008. Overview of the IAS. Amman, Jordan: Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS).
- Ergin, M., and Zou’bi, M. R., 2009. Higher Education Excellence for Development in the Islamic World. Amman, Jordan: Islamic World Academy of Sciences.