Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Chinese Academy of Sciences

中国科学院
Zhōngguó Kēxuéyuàn
Chinese Academy of Sciences logo.jpg
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Agency overview
Formed 1949
Headquarters Beijing
Agency executive Bai Chunli, President
Parent agency State Council of China
Website cas.ac.cn
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Simplified Chinese 中国科学院
Traditional Chinese 中國科學院

The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), has its roots from Academia Sinica of Republic of China, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China. Collectively known as "the Second Academies (二院)" along with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, it is an institution of the State Council of China, functioning as the national scientific thinktank and academic governing body, providing advisory and appraisal services on issues stemming from the national economy, social development, and science and technology progress. It is headquartered in Beijing, with branch institutes all over mainland China. It has also created hundreds of commercial enterprises, with Lenovo being one of the most famous.

Organization[edit]

The Chinese Academy has its roots from Academia Sinica,founded in 1928 by the Guomindang Nationalist Government. After Communist Party in control of mainland China, Academia Sinica was renamed as Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Chinese Academy of Sciences has six academic divisions:

The CAS has thirteen regional branches at Beijing, Shenyang, Changchun, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Kunming, Xi'an, Lanzhou, Hefei and Xinjiang. It has over one hundred institutes and two universities (the University of Science and Technology of China at Hefei, Anhui and the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing). Backed by institutes of CAS, UCAS is headquartered in Beijing, with graduate education bases in Shanghai, Chengdu, Wuhan, Guangzhou and Lanzhou, four Science Libraries of Chinese Academy of Sciences, three technology support centers and two news and publishing units. These CAS branches and offices are located in 20 provinces and municipalities throughout China. CAS has invested in or created over 430 science- and technology-based enterprises in eleven industries including eight companies listed on stock exchanges.

Being granted a Fellowship of the Academy represents the highest level of national honor for Chinese scientists. The CAS membership system includes fellows (院士), emeritus fellows (荣誉院士) and foreign fellows (外籍院士).

Research Reputation and Ranking[edit]

Chinese Academy of Science is ranking the 12th research institute in the world by Nature Publishing Index (2012), by Nature Publishing Group.[1]

List of presidents[edit]

  1. Guo Moruo (郭沫若): 1949–1978
  2. Fang Yi (方毅): 1979–1981
  3. Lu Jiaxi (卢嘉锡): 1981–1987
  4. Zhou Guangzhao (周光召): 1987–1997
  5. Lu Yongxiang (路甬祥): 1997–2011
  6. Bai Chunli (白春礼): 2011–incumbent

Research Institute[edit]

Scientific integrity[edit]

On 26 February 2007, the CAS published a Declaration of Scientific Ideology and set up a commission for scientific integrity to promote transparency, autonomy and accountability of scientific research in the country. The Ministry of Science and Technology had at the same time also initiated measures to address misconduct in state-funded programs.[2]

Publications[edit]

Together with the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the academy publishes the peer-reviewed academic journal, Science China (also known as Science in China). Science China comprises seven series:[3]

  • A: Mathematics
  • B: Chemistry
  • C: Life Sciences
  • D: Earth Sciences
  • E: Technological Sciences
  • F: Information Sciences
  • G: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy

Awards[edit]

Since 1999 the CAS has issued the annual State Preeminent Science and Technology Award, presented by the President of China to the recipient.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ranking". 
  2. ^ Reforming research in China The Lancet, Volume 369, Number 9565, 17 March 2007
  3. ^ "Science in China Press". Retrieved 10/3/2013. 
  4. ^ China in Brief – Science and Technology – Awards. China Internet Information Center (State Council Information Office and the China International Publishing Group). Retrieved 21 November 2012. 

External links[edit]