This article is about the institution in Chinese mainland. For the institution in Taiwan, see Academia Sinica
The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), formerly known as Academia Sinica, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China. It is an institution of the State Council of China, functioning as the national scientific think-tank, providing advisory and appraisal services on issues stemming from the national economy, social development, and science and technology progress. It is headquartered in Beijing, with institutes all over the People's Republic of China. It has also created hundreds of commercial enterprises, Lenovo being one of them.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences has six academic divisions:
- Mathematics and Physics
- Life Sciences and Medical Sciences
- Earth Sciences
- Information Technological Sciences
- Technological Sciences
The CAS has thirteen regional branches at Beijing, Shenyang, Changchun, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Kunming, Xi'an, Lanzhou, Hefei and Xinjiang.
The CAS has over one hundred institutes and two universities (the University of Science and Technology of China at Hefei, Anhui and the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences). Backed by institutes of CAS, UCAS is headquartered in Beijing, with graduate education bases in Shanghai, Chengdu, Wuhan, Guangzhou and Lanzhou, four Science Libraries of Chinese Academy of Sciences, three technology support centers and two news and publishing units. These CAS branches and offices are located in 20 provinces and municipalities throughout China. CAS has invested in or created over 430 science- and technology-based enterprises in eleven industries including eight companies listed on stock exchanges.
Membership of the Academy represents the highest level of national honor for Chinese scientists. The CAS membership system includes members, emeritus members and foreign members.
List of presidents 
- Guo Moruo (郭沫若): 1949-1978
- Fang Yi (方毅): 1979-1981
- Lu Jiaxi (卢嘉锡): 1981-1987
- Zhou Guangzhao (周光召): 1987-1997
- Lu Yongxiang (路甬祥): 1997-2011
- Bai Chunli (白春礼): 2011-incumbent
Research Institute 
Scientific integrity 
On February 26, 2007, the CAS published a Declaration of Scientific Ideology and set up a commission for scientific integrity to promote transparency, autonomy and accountability of scientific research in the country. The Ministry of Science and Technology had at the same time also initiated measures to address misconduct in state-funded programs.
Since 1999 the CAS has issued the annual State Preeminent Science and Technology Award, presented by the President of China to the recipient.
See also 
External links