Jacques de Billy
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- For the French patristic scholar and Benedictine abbot, see Jacques de Billy (abbot) (1535-1581).
|Society of Jesus|
History of the Jesuits
Jacques de Billy (March 18, 1602 – January 14, 1679) was a French Jesuit mathematician. Born in Compiègne, he subsequently entered the Society of Jesus. From 1629 to 1630, Billy taught mathematics at the Jesuit College at Pontà Mousson. He was still studying theology at this time. From 1631 to 1633, Billy taught mathematics at the Jesuit college at Rheims. From 1665 to 1668 he was professor of mathematics at the Jesuit college at Dijon. One of his pupils there was Jacques Ozanam. Billy also taught in Grenoble. He also served as rector of a number of Jesuit Colleges in Châlons-en-Champagne, Langres and in Sens.
Work and legacy
In the field of astronomy, he published several astronomical tables. First published in Dijon by Pierre Palliot in 1656, Billy's tables of eclipses is called Tabulae Lodoicaeae seu universa eclipseon doctrina tabulis, praeceptis ac demonstrationibus explicata. Adiectus est calculus, aliquot eclipseon solis & lunae, quae proxime per totam Europam videbuntur. The tables were calculated for the years 1656 to 1693. This work also contains solar and lunar tables based on the Paris meridian. It also includes a detailed examination of problems involved in astronomical calculations.
He died at Dijon.
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Jacques de Billy", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Moon Watch
- Itard, Jean (1970–80). "Billy, Jacques de". Dictionary of Scientific Biography 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-684-10114-9.