James Fallows

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James Fallows
James-Fallows-(edit).jpg
Speaking at the National Chinese Language Conference in 2010
Born (1949-08-02) August 2, 1949 (age 65)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Nationality American
Education Bachelor's degree in American history and literature
Alma mater Harvard University, University of Oxford
Occupation Journalist
Employer The Atlantic
Website
http://jamesfallows.theatlantic.com

James Fallows (born August 2, 1949) is an American writer and journalist. He has been a national correspondent for The Atlantic Monthly for many years. His work has also appeared in Slate, The New York Times Magazine, The New York Review of Books, The New Yorker and The American Prospect, among others. He is a former editor of U.S. News & World Report, and as President Jimmy Carter's chief speechwriter for two years was the youngest person ever to hold that job.[1][2]

Fallows has been a visiting professor at a number of universities in the U.S. and China, and holds the Chair in U.S. Media at the United States Studies Centre at University of Sydney. He is the author of ten books, including National Defense, for which he received the 1983 National Book Award,[3] Looking at the Sun (1994), Breaking the News (1996), Blind into Baghdad (2006), Postcards from Tomorrow Square (2009),[4] and China Airborne (2012).

Career[edit]

White House photo from 1977

Fallows was raised in Redlands, California, and graduated from Redlands High School. He studied American history and literature at Harvard College, where he was the editor of the daily newspaper, The Harvard Crimson. From 1970 to 1972 Fallows studied economics at the University of Oxford as a Rhodes scholar. He subsequently worked as an editor and writer for The Washington Monthly and Texas Monthly magazines. For the first two years of the Carter administration he was Carter's chief speechwriter. From 1979 through 1996, he was the Washington Editor for The Atlantic. For two years of that time he was based in Texas, and for four years in Asia. He wrote for the magazine about immigration, defense policy, politics, economics, computer technology, and other subjects. He has been a finalist for the National Magazine Award five times and won in 2003, for "The Fifty-First State?" (The Atlantic, November 2002), which was published six months before the invasion of Iraq and laid out the difficulties of occupying the country. He won the National Book Award for National Defense[3] and won a NY Emmy in 2010 for his role as host of a documentary series, "Doing Business in China".[5]

Fallows's most influential articles have concerned military policy and military procurement, the college admissions process, technology, China and Japan, and the American war in Iraq. Early in his career, he wrote an article called "What Did You Do in the Class War, Daddy?" (Washington Monthly, October 1975). It described the "draft physical" day at the Boston Navy Yard in 1970, in which Fallows and his Harvard and MIT classmates overwhelmingly produced reasons for medical exemptions, while the white working-class men of Chelsea were approved for service. He argued that the class bias of the Vietnam draft, which made it easy for influential and affluent families to avoid service, prolonged the war and that this was a truth many opponents of the war found convenient to overlook.

In the 1980s and 1990s Fallows was a frequent contributor of commentaries to National Public Radio's Morning Edition, and since 2009 he has been the regular news analyst for NPR's Weekend All Things Considered. From 1996 to 1998, he was the editor of US News & World Report. He was the founding chairman of the New America Foundation, a nonprofit group based in Washington D.C.. During the 2000–2001 academic year, Fallows taught at the graduate school of journalism at the University of California, Berkeley, and in 2010 he was the Vare Writer in Residence at the University of Chicago. Starting in the 2010 academic year, he is a visiting Professor in U.S. Media at the United States Studies Centre at the University of Sydney.[4]

Free Flight (2001, Public Affairs Paperback Edition). On the cover is a Cirrus SR20 with Cirrus Airframe Parachute System deployed.

He is an instrument-rated pilot, and in Free Flight, published in 2001, he described the new generation of "personal jets" and other advanced aircraft now coming onto the market from Eclipse Aviation and Cirrus Design. Fallows has received numerous honorary degrees, including from the University of Utah, the University of Maryland, the University of Redlands, Northwestern University, and in 2008 Ursinus College.

Fallows has had a long interest in technology, both writing about and helping to develop it. He's taken a special interest in personal information management software, going back to Lotus Agenda which he glowingly reviewed for The Atlantic in 1992 ("Of all the computer programs I have tried, Agenda is far and away the most interesting, and is one of the two or three most valuable").[6] During the operating system wars of the early and mid-nineties, Fallows used and wrote about IBM's Operating System/2 (OS/2) and its battles with MS Windows, often frequenting the Canopus forum and online community on CompuServe. In 1999, he spent six months at Microsoft designing software for writers. More recently, he has written about the design of the Open Source Applications Foundation's information manager, code-named Chandler. He was the on-stage host for the IDG Corporation's "Agenda" conference (no relation to Agenda software) in the early years of the 2000s (decade) and of Google's "Zeitgeist" conference starting in 2005. He has written regular technology columns for the New York Times and The Atlantic.

Politics[edit]

Fallows, a former speechwriter for Democratic President Jimmy Carter, has identified himself as a Democrat[7] and has been described by Politico and The Hill, among other publications, as a liberal.[8][9] According to journalist Howard Fineman, Fallows also wrote policy memos to Democratic President Bill Clinton.[10] An article in The Futurist, a publication of the World Future Society, identifies Fallows as a radical centrist.[11]

Awards[edit]

For the first paperback edition of National Defense, Fallows received a 1983 National Book Award for Nonfiction.[3][a] He was a finalist at the National Magazine Award in the years 1988, 2006 (twice), 2007 and had won the award in 2003 for his article The Fifty-First State?.[12] The documentary series On The Frontlines: Doing Business in China in which he participated as an editorial supervisor and co-host (together with Emily Chang) was awarded the 2010 Emmy Award.[13]

Bibliography[edit]

Books[edit]

Articles[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This was the award for paperback "General Nonfiction".
    From 1980 to 1983 in National Book Awards history there were several nonfiction subcategories including General Nonfiction, with dual hardcover and paperback awards in most categories. Most of the paperback award-winners were reprints, including this one.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pilkington, Ed. Obama inauguration: Words of history ... crafted by 27-year-old in Starbucks, The Guardian, January 20, 2009.
  2. ^ Fallows, James. "Factual Error in Washington Post", James Fallows The Atlantic blog, December 18, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c "National Book Awards – 1983". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  4. ^ a b Steketee, Mike. "Urgent Need to Save Quality Journalism, Professor Warns", The Australian, February 16, 2009.
  5. ^ Fallows, James. "More Emmy News", James Fallows The Atlantic blog, April 20, 2010.
  6. ^ "Agenda", The Atlantic (Bob Newell) .
  7. ^ Fallows, James (15 September 1992). "Put Down That Bloody Shirt, Mr. President". The Washington Post. "Now the necessary disclaimers: I am a Democrat, and I hope Clinton wins." 
  8. ^ Gerstein, Josh (22 November 2010). "A 'tipping point' in terror fight?". Politico. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  9. ^ Wilson, Reid (23 February 2009). "Dem primary victor for ex-Emanuel seat likely to win general". The Hill. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Capital Gang Sunday: The Forbes Candidacy". CNN. 21 January 1996. 
  11. ^ Olson, Robert (January–February 2005). "The Rise of 'Radical Middle' Politics". The Futurist, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 45–47. Publication of the World Future Society. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  12. ^ American Society of Magazine Editors - National Magazine Awards Database (Search 'James Fallows')
  13. ^ 2010 New York Emmy Awards Winners

External links[edit]