Jauharabad

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Jauharabad
جوہرآباد
City
Jauharabad is located in Pakistan
Jauharabad
Jauharabad
Coordinates: 32°10′N 72°10′E / 32.17°N 72.17°E / 32.17; 72.17Coordinates: 32°10′N 72°10′E / 32.17°N 72.17°E / 32.17; 72.17
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Khushab
Population [1]
 • Total 40,000 (approximately)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 0454
Number of Union Councils 6 [2]
Punjab Government Website

Jauharabad (Urdu: جوہرآباد‎) is a planned town and district headquarters of Khushab District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Jauharabad is named after Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar, a prominent figure from the Pakistan independence movement. The etymology of the Urdu word "Jauharabad" also means "atomic city" in English, although this is purely coincidental as the town was planned and constructed 33 years prior to the construction of the nearby Khushab Nuclear Complex, which lies 30 km south of Jauharabad.

History[edit]

Jauharabad was developed in 1953 under a master plan. Because of its planned design, open spaces and wide avenues, the district headquarters of Khushab District was shifted to Jauharabad from Khushab city. Jauharabad is one of the few planned urban settlements in Pakistan (others being Faisalabad, Islamabad and Gwadar), which have been developed from scratch under an urban master plan.

The famous Islamic thinker and scholar and Jewish convert to Islam, Muhammad Asad (formerly Leopold Weiss), author of The Road to Mecca, The Message of the Qur'an and Principles of State and Government in Islam, stayed at Jauharabad in the 1950s, residing at the bungalow of the town's prominent resident, Chaudhry Niaz Ali Khan who, on the advice of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, had established the Dar ul Islam Trust Institutes first in Pathankot, India and, after Pakistan's independence, in Jauharabad.[3]

Geography[edit]

Jauharabad lies at the confluence of the Thal Desert and the Potohar in flat agricultural territory immediately south of the Salt Range, marking the end of the Pothohar Plateau and the start of the Punjab plains. The Jhelum River passes 7 km southeast of Jauharabad and on the west of Jauharabad lies the Thal Desert. On the east of Jahaurabad is the Khushab Reserve Forest spread over approximately 4 km2.

Education[edit]

There are many private and public sector schools in jauharabad. Punjab College Jauharabad, Jauhar Memorial Govt. High School, District Public School and Inter College (DPS&IC),Fauji foundation School and college , Government Technical High school, superior college jauharabad, Falcon House Junior Cambridge School ‚Dar-e-Arqam school and Rashid Minhas Public High School are among the famous ones. There is degree college for boys and girls. Now many other famous schooling systems are introduced like Allied School and Spirit school. Punjab College and Superior College also open here for best Education

University of Education lahore (Jauharabad campus) The city is progressing in Education because there are lot of schools opened here in recent years.

Language[edit]

As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, the following are the demographics of the Khushab district, by spoken language:

Inhabitants of Khushab District speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects: which are

  • Shah puri (Main dialect of the district)
  • Pothohari (Northern Hilly Side),
  • Thalochi (southern areas)
  • Majhi or standard (in cities),
  • Jandali (western areas near Mianwali).

Other Languages include:

  • Urdu is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by sizeable population.
  • English is also understood and spoken by the educated elite.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/statistics/pop_major_cities/pop_major_cities.html[dead link]
  2. ^ www.nrb.gov.pk - /zila_membership/. Retrieved 5 April 2006.
  3. ^ Azam, K.M., Hayat-e-Sadeed: Bani-e-Dar ul Islam Chaudhry Niaz Ali Khan (A Righteous Life: Founder of Dar ul Islam Chaudhry Niaz Ali Khan), Lahore: Nashriyat, 2010 (583 pp., Urdu) [ISBN 978-969-8983-58-1]