The history of the Thal Canal Project goes back to over 130 years. It was in 1873 that the project was first conceived for the whole of Thal Doab. The proposal to irrigate this area was repeatedly brought up for discussion in 1919, 1921, 1924, 1925, 1936 and in 1949. It was however repeatedly shelved because of the argument that it would severely hurt the water availability to the lower riparians. The project proposal once again came under discussion in 1975 when the Executive Committee of National Economic Council (ECNEC) refused to endorse the project. Finally, on August 16, 2001, General (Rtd) Pervez Musharraf, as President of Pakistan, inaugurated the 30-billion rupee Greater Thal Canal (GTC) project.
The local language of the Thal Desert is the Saraiki also known as Thalochi dialect of Saraiki Language. The people here live mainly in houses constructed of mud.The area remains lacking in basic facilities such as electricity. The people of Thal are hospitable, and are generally religious. Grams are produced in this desert and sent all across Pakistan. People go to shrines and Peers to ask for prayers.In some areas people started installing Tube well to water their crops