Joaquim António de Aguiar

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Joaquim António de Aguiar
Joaquim António de Aguiar.jpg
13th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
9 June 1841 – 7 February 1842
Monarch Maria II
Preceded by José Travassos Valdez
Succeeded by Pedro de Sousa Holstein
23rd Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
1 May 1860 – 4 July 1860
Monarch Pedro V
Preceded by António Severim de Noronha
Succeeded by Nuno José de Moura Barreto
26th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
4 September 1865 – 4 January 1868
Monarch Luís I
Preceded by Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo
Succeeded by António José de Ávila
Personal details
Born (1792-08-24)24 August 1792
Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 26 May 1884(1884-05-26) (aged 91)
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Political party Regenerator Party
Progressist

Joaquim António de Aguiar (Coimbra, 24 August 1792 – Lisbon, 26 May 1884) was a Portuguese politician. He held several relevant political posts during the Portuguese constitutional monarchy, namely as leader of the Cartists and later of the Partido Regenerador (English: Regenerator Party). He was three times prime minister of Portugal: between 1841 and 1842, in 1860 and finally from 1865 to 1868, when he entered a coalition with the Partido Progressista (English: Progressist Party), in what became known as the Governo de Fusão (English: Fusion Government).

He also served as minister of justice during the regency of Peter IV and in that capacity issued the 30 May 1834 law which extinguished "all convents, monasteries, colleges, hospices and any other houses of the regular religious orders". Their vast patrimony was taken over by the Portuguese State and incorporated into the Fazenda Nacional (the National Exchequer). This law and its anti-ecclesiastical spirit earned Joaquim António de Aguiar the nickname "O Mata-Frades" (English: "The Friar-Killer").

References[edit]

Preceded by
José Travassos Valdez,
Count of Bonfim
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1841–1842
Succeeded by
Pedro de Sousa Holstein,
Marquis of Palmela
Preceded by
António Severim de Noronha
Marquis of Vila Flor
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1860
Succeeded by
Nuno José de Moura Barreto,
Duke of Loulé
Preceded by
Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo,
Marquis of Sá da Bandeira
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1865–1868
Succeeded by
António José de Ávila,
Count of Ávila