Johann Friedrich von Brandt

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Johann Friedrich von Brandt

Johann Friedrich von Brandt (25 May 1802 – 15 July 1879) was a German naturalist.

Brandt was born in Jüterbog and educated at a gymnasium in Wittenberg and the University of Berlin. In 1831 he was appointed director of the Zoological Department at the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences, where he published in Russian. Brandt encouraged the collection of native animals, many of which were not represented in the museum. Many specimens began to arrive from the expeditions of Severtzov, Przhevalsky, Middendorff, Schrenck and Gustav Radde.

He described several birds collected by Russian explorers off the Pacific Coast of North America, including Brandt's Cormorant, Red-legged Kittiwake and Spectacled Eider. He is also commemorated in Brandt's Bat and Brandt's Hedgehog.

Brandt was also an entomologist, specialising in Coleoptera (beetles) and Diplopoda (millipedes). He died in Merreküll, Estonia.

Works[edit]

In addition, Johann Friedrich von Brandt concerned the continuation of the work Getreue Darstellung und Beschreibung der in der Arzneykunde gebräuchlichen Gewächse of Friedrich Gottlob Hayne.

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  • Anonym 1877 Das fünfzigjährige Doktorjubiläum des Akademikers Geheimrat Johann Friedrich Brandt am 12.(24.) Januar 1976. St. Petersburg.
  • Anonym 1879 [Brandt, J. F.] Botan. Ztg. 37 743
  • Anonym 1879: [Brandt, J. F.] Naturaliste Canad. 1 111
  • Anonym 1879: [Biography] Zool. Anz. 2 480
  • Medvedev, G. S. 2000 [Brandt, J. F.] Trudy Russk. ent. Obsc. 71 6-22, Portr.
  • Ratzeburg, J. T. C. 1874 Forstwissenschaftliches Schriftsteller-Lexikon. Berlin, Nicolai'sche Buchhandlung : X+1-516 72-76
  • Strauch, A. 1889 Das zoologische Museum der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg in seinem fünfzigjährigen Bestehen.

Notes[edit]