John Barton (theologian)

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The Revd Professor John Barton FBA (born 1948) is the Oriel and Laing Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture.[1] He is a Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford,[2] a Fellow of the British Academy[3] and a foreign member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.[4] He holds an Honorary Doctorate in Theology from the University of Bonn.[5]

Professor Barton is a priest in the Church of England (ordained 1973). From 2000 to 2005 and from 2009 to 2010 he served on the Church’s General Synod representing the clergy of the University of Oxford. He was Canon Theologian of Winchester Cathedral from 1991 to 2004, sits on the Governing Body of Ripon College Cuddesdon[6] and was elected President of Modern Church in 2011.[7] He has been a Delegate of Oxford University Press[8] since 2005. From 2010 to 2013 he holds a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship[9] for work on a project entitled Ethics in Ancient Israel. From 2004 to 2010 he was joint editor of the Journal of Theological Studies and is one of two Anglophone editors for the German monograph series Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft,[10] published in Berlin.

Apart from biblical ethics, Professor Barton's research interests include the Old Testament prophets, the biblical canon, biblical interpretation and Old Testament theology.[11]

Books[edit]

  1. Amos’s Oracles against the Nations (Society for Old Testament Study monograph series 6), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1980.
  2. Reading the Old Testament: Method in Biblical Study, London: Darton, Longman & Todd and Philadelphia: Westminster Press 1984. Second edition with two new chapters 1996.
  3. Oracles of God: Perceptions of Ancient Prophecy in Israel after the Exile, London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 1986 and New York: Oxford University Press 1988; second edition, 2007.
  4. Love Unknown: Meditations on the Death and Resurrection of Jesus, London: SPCK and Philadelphia: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1989. Danish edition, 1992.
  5. People of the Book? The Authority of the Bible in Christianity, London: SPCK and Philadelphia: Westminster/John Knox Press 1988. Second edition with additional Introduction, 1993; third edition with additional chapter, 2011.
  6. Isaiah 1-39 (Old Testament Guides), Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 1995. German edition, 2006.
  7. The Spirit and the Letter: Studies in the Biblical Canon, London: SPCK 1997; American edition Holy Writings, Sacred Text, Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press 1998.
  8. What is the Bible?, London: SPCK 1991. Second edition with additional chapter 1997; third edition, 2009. Spanish edition, 2004.
  9. Making the Christian Bible, London: Darton, Longman & Todd 1997; American edition How the Bible came to be, Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press 1998.
  10. Ethics and the Old Testament, London: SCM Press 1998; Czech edition, 2006.
  11. Joel and Obadiah: A Commentary, Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster/John Knox Press 2001.
  12. Understanding Old Testament Ethics, Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press 2003.
  13. Living Belief: Being Christian, Being Human, London: Continuum 2005.
  14. The Nature of Biblical Criticism, Louisville, Ky: Westminster John Knox, 2007.
  15. The Old Testament: Canon, Literature and Theology: Collected Essays of John Barton, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.
  16. The Theology of the Book of Amos, New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Co-authored books[edit]

  1. Robert Morgan with John Barton, Biblical Interpretation (Oxford Bible), Oxford: Oxford University Press 1988.
  2. John Barton and Julia Bowden, The Original Story: God, Israel and the World, London: Darton, Longman & Todd 2004; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans 2005.

Books edited[edit]

  1. Language, Theology, and the Bible: Essays in Honour of James Barr, Oxford:Oxford University Press 1994 (with S. E. Balentine).
  2. After the Exile: Essays in Honour of Rex Mason, Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press 1996 (with D. J. Reimer).
  3. The Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1998; Spanish edition, 2001; Chinese edition, 2009.
  4. Offenbarung und Geschichten, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2000 (with Gerhard Sauter); English version Revelation and Story: Narrative Theology and the Centrality of Story, Aldershot: Ashgate 2000.
  5. The Oxford Bible Commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2001 (with John Muddiman).
  6. The Biblical World, London: Routledge 2002, two volumes.
  7. Apocalyptic in History and Tradition, Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 2003 (with Christopher Rowland).
  8. Die Einheit der Schrift und die Vielfalt des Kanons/The Unity of Scripture and the Diversity of the Canon, BZNW 118, Berlin: W. de Gruyter (with M. Wolter).
  9. Religious Diversity in Ancient Israel and Judah, London: T & T Clark International, 2010 (with Francesca Stavrakopoulou).

Articles, chapters in composite volumes[edit]

  1. ‘Judaism and Christianity: Promise and Fulfilment’, Theology 79 (1976), pp. 206–6.
  2. ‘Understanding Old Testament Ethics’, Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 9 (1978), pp. 44–64.
  3. ‘Natural Law and Poetic Justice in the Old Testament’, Journal of Theological Studies 30 (1979), pp. 1–14.
  4. ‘Reflections on Cultural Relativism’, Theology 82 (1979), pp. 103–9 and 191-19.
  5. ‘Ethics in Isaiah of Jerusalem’, Journal of Theological Studies 32 (1981), pp. 1–18.
  6. ‘Richard Hooker’, in The Anglican Spirit (ed. P. Wignall), Oxford: Ripon College Cuddesdon 1982.
  7. (2) ‘Old Testament Theology’ and ‘Approaches to Old Testament Ethics’, Beginning Old Testament Study (ed. J. W. Rogerson), London: SPCK 1983, pp. 90–130.
  8. ‘“The Law and the Prophets.” Who are the Prophets?’, Oudtestamentische Studiën 23 (1984), pp. 1-18.
  9. ‘Classifying Biblical Criticism’, Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 29 (1984), pp. 19–35.
  10. ‘The Place of the Bible in Moral Debate’, City Forum 18 (1984), pp. 3–7; repr. Theology 88 (1985), pp. 204–9.
  11. ‘Gerhard von Rad on the World-View of Early Israel’, Journal of Theological Studies 35 (1984), pp. 301–23.
  12. ‘Biblical Roots: The Old Testament’, in The Study of Spirituality (ed. C. Jones, G. Wainwright, and E. Yarnold), London: SPCK 1986, pp. 47–57.
  13. ‘Reading the Bible as Literature: Two Questions for Biblical Critics’, Journal of Theology and Literature 1 (1987), pp. 135–53.
  14. ‘Begründungsversuche der prophetischen Unheilsankündigung im Alten Testament’, Evangelische Theologie 47 (1987), pp. 427–35.
  15. ‘Reading and Interpreting the Bible’, in Harper’s Biblical Commentary (ed. J. L. Mays), New York: Harper & Row 1988, pp. 2–13.
  16. ‘Preparation in History for Christ’, in The Religion of the Incarnation (ed. R. Morgan), Bristol: Bristol Classical Press 1989, pp. 60–73.
  17. ‘Should Old Testament Study be more Theological?’, Expository Times 100 (1989), pp. 443–8.
  18. ‘History and Rhetoric in the Prophets’, in The Bible as Rhetoric: Studies in Biblical Persuasion and Credibility (ed. M. Warner) (Warwick Studies in Philosophy and Literature), London & New York: Routledge, 1990, pp. 51–64.
  19. ‘Authority of Scripture’, ‘Canon’, ‘Eisegesis’, Oracle’, ‘Prophets and Prophecy’, and ‘Verbal Inspiration’ in A Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation (ed. R. J. Coggins and J. L. Houlden), London: SCM Press and Philadelphia: Trinity Press International 1990, pp. 69–72, 101-5, 197-8, 497-8, 556-9, and 719-22.
  20. ‘The Canon of Scripture and the Forgotten Books’, The Way Supplement 72 (1991), pp. 112–20.
  21. ‘Form Criticism (O.T.)’, ‘Post-exilic Prophecy’, ‘Redaction Criticism (O.T.)’, ‘Source Criticism (O.T.)’, and ‘Structuralism’, Anchor Bible Dictionary (ed. D. N. Freedman), New York 1992, vol. 2 pp. 838–41, vol. 5 pp. 489–95 and 644-7, vol. 6 pp. 162–5 and 214-17.
  22. ‘Propheten, Prophetie, 2. Altes Testament’, Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon, Göttingen 1993, cols. 1339-45.
  23. The Future of Old Testament Study (Inaugural Lecture), Oxford: Oxford University Press 1993.
  24. ‘Biblical Criticism and Interpretation I: Old Testament’, The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Modern Christian Thought (ed. A. E. McGrath), Oxford: Blackwell 1993, pp. 35–41.
  25. (2 articles): ‘Isaac’ and ‘Jacob’, in The Oxford Companion to the Bible (ed. B. Metzger and M. D. Coogan), New York: Oxford University Press 1994, pp. 325 and 338.
  26. ‘James Barr as Critic and Theologian’, in Language, Theology, and the Bible: Essays in Honour of James Barr (ed. S. E. Balentine and J. Barton), Oxford: Oxford University Press 1994, pp. 16–26.
  27. ‘Why does the Resurrection of Christ matter?’, in Resurrection: Essays in Honour of Leslie Houlden (ed. S. Barton and G. Stanton), London: SPCK 1994, pp. 108–15.
  28. ‘Historical Criticism and Literary Interpretation: Is there any Common Ground?’, in Crossing the Boundaries: Essays in Biblical Interpretation in Honour of Michael D. Goulder (ed. S. E. Porter, P. Joyce, and D. E. Orton), Leiden: E. J. Brill 1995, pp. 3–15.
  29. ‘Die Lehre von der rechten Zeit’, in Rechtfertigung und Erfahrung (ed. M. Beintker, E. Maurer, H. Stoevesandt, and H. G. Ulrich), Gütersloh 1995, pp. 287–95.
  30. ‘The Basis of Ethics in the Hebrew Bible’, in Ethics and Politics in the Hebrew Bible (ed. D. A. Knight), Semeia 66 (1995), pp. 11–22.
  31. ‘The Hebrew Bible: Formation and Character’, in Companion Encyclopedia of Theology (ed. P. Byrne and J. L. Houlden), London and New York: Routledge 1995, pp. 7–27.
  32. ‘Alttestamentliche Theologie nach Albertz?’, in Religionsgeschichte oder Theologie des Alten Testaments, Jahrbuch für biblische Theologie 10, 1995, pp. 25–34.
  33. ‘Wellhausen’s Prolegomena to the History of Israel: Influences and Effects’, in Text and Experience: Towards a Cultural Exegesis of the Bible (ed. D. Smith-Christopher), Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 1995, pp. 316–29.
  34. ‘Reading for Life: The Use of the Bible in Ethics and the Work of Martha C. Nussbaum’, in The Bible in Ethics: The Second Sheffield Colloquium (Supplement to the Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 207) (ed. J. W. Rogerson, M. Davies, and M. Daniel Carroll R.), Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 1996, pp. 66–76.
  35. ‘Theology and other Sciences’, Theology 99 (1996), pp. 52–8.
  36. ‘The Significance of a Fixed Canon of the Hebrew Bible’ in Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: The History of its Interpretation (ed. M. Sæbø), Göttingen & Zurich: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht 1996, vol. I, pp. 67–83.
  37. ‘The Canonical Meaning of the Book of the Twelve’, in After the Exile: Essays in Honour of Rex Mason (ed. J. Barton and D. J. Reimer), Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press 1996, pp. 59–73.
  38. ‘On Biblical Commentaries’ (The A. S. Peake Memorial Lecture), Epworth Review 24 (1997), pp. 35–44.
  39. ‘Did Solomon Build a Tourist Trap?’ review article of J. Magonet, The Subversive Bible, Manna 57 (1997), pp. 31–2.
  40. ‘Ethics in the Book of Isaiah’, in Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah: Studies of an Interpretive Tradition (ed. C. C. Broyles and C. A. Evans), Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 70:1 & 2, Leiden: Brill 1997, vol. I, pp. 67–77.
  41. ‘What is a Book? Modern Exegesis and the Literary Conventions of Ancient Israel’, in Intertextuality in Ugarit and Israel: Papers read at the tenth joint meeting of the Society for Old Testament Study and Het Oudtestamentische Werkgezelschap in Nederland en België, held at Oxford, 1997 (ed. J. C. de Moor), Oudtestamentische Studiën 40, Leiden: Brill 1998, pp. 1–14.
  42. ‘Historical-critical Approaches’, in The Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation (ed. J. Barton), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1998, pp. 9–20.
  43. ‘The Messiah in Old Testament Theology’, in King and Messiah in Israel and the Ancient Near East (ed. J. Day), Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 1998, pp. 365–79.
  44. ‘Virtue in the Bible’, Studies in Christian Ethics 12 (1999), pp. 12–22.
  45. ‘Altes Testament und Theologie’, Bonner Akademische Reden 83, Bonn: Bouvier 1999, pp. 21–7.
  46. ‘Jeremiah in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha’, in Troubling Jeremiah (ed. A. R. P. Diamond, K. M. O’Connor, and L. Stulman), JSOTSup 260, Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 1999, pp. 306–17.
  47. ‘Looking Back on the Twentieth Century 2: Old Testament Studies’, Expository Times 110 (1999), pp. 348–51.
  48. ‘The Nature and Formation of the Canon’, in The Access Bible, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1999, pp. 26–40.
  49. ‘Canon and Old Testament Interpretation’, in In Search of True Wisdom: Essays in Old Testament Interpretation in Honour of Ronald E. Clements (ed. E. Ball), JSOTSup 300, Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 1999, pp. 37–52.
  50. ‘”The Work of Human Hands” (Ps. 115:4): Idolatry in the Old Testament’, Ex Auditu 15 (1999), pp. 63–72.
  51. ‘Intertextuality and the “Final Form” of the Text’, Congress Volume Oslo 1998 (ed. A. Lemaire and M. Saebø), Leiden: Brill 2000, pp. 33–7.
  52. ‘Menschliche Möglichkeiten erschließen—Offenbarung und biblische Geschichten’, in Offenbarung und Geschichten (ed. J. Barton and G. Sauter), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang 2000, pp. 81–90. English version ‘Disclosing Human Possibilities: Revelation and Biblical Stories’, in Revelation and Story: Narrative Theology and the Centrality of Story (ed. G. Sauter and J. Barton), Aldershot: Ashgate 2000, pp. 53–60.
  53. ‘Canons of the Old Testament’ in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study (ed. A. D. H. Mayes), Oxford: Oxford University Press 2000, pp. 200–22.
  54. ‘Theological Ethics in Daniel’, in The Book of Daniel: Composition and Reception (ed. J. J. Collins and P. W. Flint), Leiden: Brill 2001, vol. 2, pp. 661–70.
  55. ‘Introduction to the Old Testament’ and ‘Psalm 151’ in The Oxford Bible Commentary (ed. J. Barton and J. Muddiman), Oxford: Oxford University Press 2001, pp. 5–12 and 773.
  56. ‘Thinking about Reader-Response Criticism’, Expository Times 113:5, 2002, pp. 147–51.
  57. ‘Introduction’, in The Biblical World (ed. John Barton), London: Routledge 2002, volume 1, pp. 1–2.
  58. Preface to reprint of James Barr, The Scope and Authority of the Bible, London: SCM 2002, pp. vii-xi.
  59. ‘Introduction’, in pocalyptic in History and Tradition (ed. C. Rowland and J. Barton), Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 2002, pp. 1–6.
  60. ‘Unity and Diversity in the Biblical; Canon’, in Die Einheit der Schrift und die Vielfalt des Kanons/The Unity of Scripture and the Diversity of the Canon (ed. J. Barton and M. Wolter), BZNW 118, Berlin: W. de Gruyter 2003, pp. 11–26.
  61. ‘Marcion Revisited’, in The Canon Debate (ed. Lee Martin McDonald and James A. Sanders), Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson 2003, pp. 341–54.
  62. ‘Amos’, in The New Interpreter’s Study Bible, Nashville: Abingdon 2003, pp. 1279–91.
  63. ‘Canonical Approaches Ancient and Modern’, in The Biblical Canons (ed. J.-M. Auwers and H. J. de Jonge), Leuven: Leuven University Press and Peeters, 2003, pp. 199–209.
  64. ‘Covenant in Old Testament Theology’, in Covenant as Context: Essays in Honour of E. W. Nicholson (ed. A. D. H. Mayes and R. B. Salters), Oxford: Oxford University Press 2003, pp. 23–38.
  65. ‘Biblical Studies’, in The Blackwell Companion to Modern Theology (ed. G. Jones), Oxford: Blackwell 2004, pp. 18–33.
  66. ‘An Early Metacommentary: Tertullian’s Against Marcion’, in Reading from Right to Left: Essays on the Hebrew Bible in Honour of David J. A. Clines (JSOTSup 373, ed. J. C. Exum and H. G. M. Williamson), Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 2003, pp. 38–49.
  67. ‘The Day of Yahweh in the Minor Prophets’, in Biblical and Near Eastern Essays: Studies in Honour of Kevin J. Cathcart (JSOTSup 375, ed. C. McCarthy and J. F. Healy), London: T. & T. Clark International 2004, pp. 68–79.
  68. ‘Dating the Succession Narrative’, in In Search of Pre-exilic Israel (JSOTSup 406, ed. J. Day), London: T. & T. Clark International 2004, pp. 95–106.
  69. ‘Forgiveness and Memory in the Old Testament’, Gott und Mensch im Dialog: Festschrift für Otto Kaiser zum 80. Geburtstag, ed. M. Witte (BZAW 345), Berlin: W. de Gruyter 2004, pp. 987–95.
  70. ‘Beliebigkeit’, in Derrida’s Bible, ed. Y. Sherwood, New York: Palgrave MacMillan 2005, pp. 301–3.
  71. ‘Canon’, in Christianity: The Complete Guide, ed. J. Bowden, London: Continuum 2005, pp. 197–9.
  72. ‘The Prophets and the Cult’, Temple and Worship in Biblical Israe, ed. J. Day (LHBOTS 422), London: T & T Clark International, 2005, pp. 111–22.
  73. ‘The Canonicity of the Song of Songs’, in Perspectives on the Song of Songs/Perspektiven der Hoheliedauslegung, ed. A. Hagedorn (BZAW 346), Berlin: W. de Gruyter 2005, pp. 1–7.
  74. ‘Biblical Theology: An Old Testament Perspective’, in The Nature of New Testament Theology, ed. C. Rowland and C. Tuckett, Oxford: Blackwell 2006, pp. 18–30.
  75. ‘Strategies for Reading Scripture’, in The HarperCollins Study Bible, ed. H. W. Attridge, New York: HarperCollins 2006, pp. xxxix-xliii.
  76. ‘Historiography and Theodicy in the Old Testament’, in Reflection and Refraction: Studies in Biblical Historiography in Honour of A. Graeme Auld, ed. R. Rezetko, T. H. Lim, and W. B. Aucker, Leiden and Boston: Brill 2006, pp. 27–33.
  77. ‘Two Types of Harmonization’, in What is it that the Scripture says? Essays in Biblical Interpretation, Translation and Reception in Honour of Henry Wansbrough OSB, ed. Philip McCosker, London: T & T Clark, 2006, pp. 266–74.
  78. ‘The Fall and Human Depravity’, in The Multivalence of Biblical Texts and Theological Meanings, ed. Christine Helmer, Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2006, pp. 105–11.
  79. ‘Imitation of God in the Old Testament’, The God of Israel, ed. R. P. Gordon, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 35–46.
  80. ‘Covenant in the Bible and Today’, in The Anglican Covenant, ed. M. D. Chapman, London: Mowbray (A Continuum Imprint), 2008, pp. 193–203.
  81. ‘Jacob at the Jabbok’, Die Erzväter in der biblischen Tradition (Festschrift Matthias Köckert), ed. A. C. Hagedorn and H. Pfeiffer, BZAW 400, Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 2009, pp. 189–95.
  82. ‘Reflections on Literary Criticism’, Method Matters: Essays on the Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Honor of David L. Petersen, ed. J. LeMon and K. H. Richards, Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009, pp. 523–40.
  83. ‘Reading Texts Holistically: The Foundation of Biblical Criticism’, Congress Volume Ljubljana 2007, VTSupp 133, ed. A. Lemaire, Leiden: Brill, 2010, pp. 367–80.
  84. ‘Právo a vyprávéru v Pentateucho’ (‘Law and Narrative in the Pentateuch’), Theologická Reflexe 2, 2010, pp. 137–49.
  85. ‘Reading the Prophets from an Environmental Perspective’, Ecological Hermeneutics: Biblical, Historical and Theological Perspectives, ed. D. G. Horrell, C. Hunt, C. Southgate, and F. Stavrakopoulou, London: T & T Clark International, 2010, pp. 46–55.
  86. ‘The Theology of Amos’, Prophecy and the Prophets in Ancient Israel, ed. J. Day, London: Continuum, 2010, pp. 188–201.
  87. ‘Prophecy and Theodicy’, Thus Says the Lord: Essays on the Former and Latter Prophets in Honor of Robert R. Wilson, ed. J. J. Ahn and S. L. Cook, New York & London: T & T Clark International, 2011, pp. 73–86.

References[edit]