John Brack working on the portrait of J.R. McLeod circa 1971
|Born||Cecil John Brack
10 May 1920
South Melbourne, Australia
|Died||11 February 1999
|Education||National Gallery School, Melbourne|
|Known for||Painting, drawing, printmaking|
|Notable work(s)||Collins St., 5 pm (1955)
The bar (1954)
The Car (1955)
John Brack (10 May 1920 – 11 February 1999 in East Hawthorn, Victoria) was an Australian painter, and a member of the Antipodeans group. According to one critic, Brack's early works captured the idiosyncrasies of their time "more powerfully and succinctly than any Australian artist before or since. Brack forged the iconography of a decade on canvas as sharply as Barry Humphries did on stage."
|Material||Oil on Canvas|
|Subject||Melbourne street scene.|
|Dimensions||114.8 cm × 162.8 cm (45.2 in × 64.1 in)|
|Location||National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne|
John Brack was Art Master at Melbourne Grammar School (1952–62). His art first achieved prominence in the 1950s. He also joined the Antipodeans Group in the 1950s which protested against abstract expressionism. He was appointed Head of National Gallery of Victoria Art School (1962–68), where he was an influence on many artists and the creation of the expanded school attached to the new gallery building.
Brack's early conventional style evolved into one of simplified, almost stark, shapes and areas of deliberately drab colour, often featuring large areas of brown. He made an initial mark in the 1950s with works on the contemporary Australian culture, such as the iconic Collins St., 5 pm (1955), a view of rush hour in post-war Melbourne. Set in a bleak palette of browns and greys, it was a comment on the conformity of everyday life, with all figures looking almost identical. A related painting The Bar (1954) was modelled on Manet's A Bar at the Folies-Bergère, and satirised the six o'clock swill, a social ritual arising from the early closing of Australian pubs. Most of these early paintings and drawings were unmistakably satirical comments against the Australian Dream, either being set in the newly expanding post-war suburbia or taking the life of those who lived there as their subject matter.
In the 1970s Brack produced a long series of highly stylised works featuring objects such as pencils in complex patterns. These were intended as allegories of contemporary life.
Period and themes
|Material||Oil on Canvas|
|Subject||Bar maid, with drinkers reflected in the mirror behind her.|
|Dimensions||97.0 cm × 130.3 cm (38.2 in × 51.3 in)|
|Location||National Gallery Victoria, Melbourne|
Brack's works cover a wide range topics and themes. He often did a series of works on a particular theme over a number of years. His portraits, including self-portraits, and portraits of family, friends and commissions, and his paintings of nudes were produced throughout his career.
- War time drawings (1943–45)
- Scenes of urban life (Shops, street scenes etc.) (1952–
- Racecourse (1953–1956)
- School, the playground (1959–60)
- Wedding (1960–61)
- Shop Windows (1963–1977)
- Ballroom Dancers (1969)
- Gymnastics (1971–73)
- Postcards and implements (1976–
- Pencils and pens (1981–
- Mannequins (1989–90
Exhibitions and auctions
A major retrospective exhibition of Brack's work opened at the National Portrait Gallery in Canberra on 24 August 2007, National Portrait Gallery, Old Parliament House, 24 August 2007 – 18 November 2007. the last major exhibition for the gallery before its relocation. Brack's widow, Helen, attended the opening and commented that Brack was not concerned with the social standing of the sitter, but rather the artistic merit of their participation in the piece.
Brack's painting The Bar sold for $3.2 million in April 2006, while in May 2007 his painting The Old Time sold for $3.36 million at auction in Sydney, a record for a painting by an Australian artist.
- 2009 John Brack: Retrospective Exhibition, The Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia
- 2006–2007 'The Nude in the Art of John Brack', MacClelland Gallery and Sculpture Park, Langwarrin
- 1999 'John Brack – Inside and Outside', works in the N.G.A. collection, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
- 1998 'John Brack and Fred Williams', Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide
- 1987–88 'John Brack – A Retrospective', National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
- 1981 'Drawings, 1945–79', Monash University Gallery, Melbourne
- 1977 'Paintings and Drawings, 1945–77', Australian National University
- 1977 'Selected Paintings, 1947–77', Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology Gallery, Melbourne
Notes and references
- Thomas, David. Three of the Players, 1953, Deutscher and Hackett. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- Sasha Grishin, The Art of John Brack, (1990) Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-553199-2, ISBN 978-0-19-553199-2
- Ted Gott, A Question of Balance (2000), Heide Museum of Modern Art
- WIN TV news report, 24 August 2007
- The Arts | All the latest Arts news | The Australian
- Record price for painting, bar none – Arts – Entertainment – smh.com.au
- Brack's 'Old Time' sells for $3.36m – Arts – Entertainment – theage.com.au
- Ronald Millar, John Brack, (1971) Lansdowne Press Melbourne. ISBN 978-0-7018-0370-4.
Media related to John Brack at Wikimedia Commons
- Brack Retrospective at NGV May 2009 (Sunday Arts (ABC-TV) on YouTube
- John Brack in National Gallery of Australia
- The Sewing Machine 1955 at Ballarat Fine Art Gallery.
- John Brack at OnlyMelbourne
- Images of John Brack's prints at Prints and Printmaking .