Josiah Bailey

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Josiah William Bailey
Josiah W. Bailey.jpg
United States Senator
from North Carolina
In office
March 4, 1931 – December 15, 1946
Preceded by Furnifold McL. Simmons
Succeeded by William B. Umstead
Personal details
Born (1873-09-14)September 14, 1873
Warrenton, North Carolina
Died December 15, 1946(1946-12-15) (aged 73)
Raleigh, North Carolina
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Religion Baptist

Josiah William Bailey (September 14, 1873 – December 15, 1946) was a Democratic U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between 1931 and 1946. Born in Warrenton, NC, he grew up in Raleigh and graduated from Wake Forest College (now Wake Forest University). Before turning to a career in law, Bailey was editor of the Biblical Recorder, a newspaper for North Carolina Baptists.

Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1930 by defeating longtime Democratic Senator Furnifold McLendel Simmons, Bailey earned a reputation as a conservative while in office. In 1937, he co-authored the bi-partisan Conservative Manifesto, a document criticizing President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal and proposing more conservative alternatives. Among other things, the Manifesto called for lower taxes and less spending.([1]) During his time in office, he served as chairman of two different committees: the Committee on Claims and later the Committee on Commerce.

Bailey died in office in 1946.

Well known for his quotes, two of the most famous of which are most likely:

"They who forgive most, shall be most forgiven."

"Since we humans have the better brain, isn't it our responsibility to protect our fellow creatures from, oddly enough, ourselves?".

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Finley, Keith M. Delaying the Dream: Southern Senators and the Fight Against Civil Rights, 1938–1965 (Baton Rouge, LSU Press, 2008).

Further reading[edit]

  • Moore, John Robert. Senator Josiah William Bailey of North Carolina: A Political Biography. Durham: Duke University Press, 1968.

Archives[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Furnifold McLendel Simmons
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from North Carolina
1931–1946
Served alongside: Cameron A. Morrison, Robert Rice Reynolds, Clyde R. Hoey
Succeeded by
William Bradley Umstead