He was keeper from Zaragoza C.D. (known as Tomates -named Tomatoes because of their all red uniform-, team that merged with Iberia to create R. Zaragoza in 1932). Nogués made his La Liga debut for FC Barcelona on December 12, 1930 in a 1-1 draw with Racing de Santander. During his playing career with the club he helped them win the Campionat de Catalunya five times. Between 1932 and 1941 he also played 10 games for the Catalan XI. On February 14, 1934 he played against Spain at Les Corts. Spain, who were preparing for the 1934 World Cup, won 2-0. Nogués was subsequently included in the Spain squad for the World Cup. He played his only game for Spain in a quarter-final replay against Italy on June 1, 1934, replacing Ricardo Zamora who had been injured in the first game. After the World Cup was over, Brazil, with a team that included Leônidas, played the Catalan XI twice before going home and Nogués played in both games. On June 17 the Catalan XI beat Brazil 2-1 at Les Corts and then on June 24 they held them to a 2-2 draw in Girona.
Nogués subsequently coached Gimnàstic de Tarragona during their seasons in La Liga during the 1940s. In 1947 Gimnàstic also reached the Copa del Generalísimo semi-final but lost to RCD Español. In the quarter finals they had beaten FC Barcelona. They finished their debut La Liga season, 1947–48, in seventh place with the highlight coming on January 11, 1948 when they beat Real Madrid 3-1 at the Bernabéu. As a result they became the first team to beat Real at the Bernabéu and are still the only team to win there on their first visit.