|Genre||reality court show|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||14|
|Running time||60 minutes|
|Original channel||First-run syndication|
|Picture format||SDTV 480i (1999-2012)
SDTV Widescreen 480i (2012-Present)
|Original run||1999– present|
Judge Mathis is an American arbitration-based reality court show presided over by retired Superior Court Judge of Michigan's 36th District Court, Greg Mathis. The syndicated series features Mathis adjudicating small claims disputes.
The series was originally produced by Black Pearl Productions but is currently produced by Syndicated Productions and Telepictures Productions, while distributed by Warner Bros. Television Distribution. It is taped at NBC Tower in Chicago but includes cases and litigants from other U.S. jurisdictions.
Each Judge Mathis episode runs for one hour and typically consists of 4 cases. The show is broadcast five days a week in every U.S. state, as well as Canada through Omni Television. The show has been on the air since 1999 and has taped over 2000 episodes. On September 3, 2012, Judge Mathis entered its 14th season.
Show format 
The cases on Judge Mathis are classified as tort law, civil disputes with a maximum $5,000 claim, a typical amount for small claims court. The producers of the show select the cases. To acquire cases, the show solicits real-life litigants with pending disputes or individuals with potential disputes. If litigants agree to be on the show, they must enter into a legally binding agreement in order to be held under the judgment.
Mathis does not have prior knowledge of the cases besides reading typical material fact claims filed with a small claims court. Thus, like the typical small claims court, the plaintiff has the burden of proof and must argue his/her case before the Judge and answer any questions directed to him/her. Moreover, as with most court shows, there are no lawyers present and litigants defend themselves.
Before every case, each litigant is assigned a case manager who helps make the case more interesting to television audiences. They are also instructed to add extra details to "beef up" their case for added entertainment purposes. Typically, Mathis asks for documents that verify a claim. He occasionally leaves the courtroom to deliberate and then returns with his verdict. Upon final judgment he may briefly explain the legal principle guiding his decision, especially if his ruling is based on a particular state's law. Reportedly, Mathis' rulings conform to the laws of the state where the case was originally filed.
Incorporation of life story into court show 
It has been stated that the key to Greg Mathis' success as a judge and arbiter is that he's relatable. As a unique role model and personality, he stands out from other court show arbiters. So concerned is the arbiter with helping steer troubled youth in the right direction, the show's second season featured a documentary on Greg Mathis' life:
- As a young man, Greg Mathis was involved with gangs, dropped out of school, spent time behind bars. Growing up as a gang member and heroin dealer in the mean streets of Detroit, Michigan, Mathis had done plenty of time in juvenile detention centers before age 17. All this changed when a judge gave him an ultimatum of: either get a G.E.D. or go to jail. At the same time, Mathis found out his mother was dying of cancer. Rushing to her side, he promised her he'd turn his life around and so did: he attended college; passed the bar and earned a law degree; became the youngest judge in Michigan’s history and then served as a Superior Court Judge for Michigan’s 36th District.
Mathis has frequently used his courtroom series to highlight his troubled-youth-turned-success-story as a way of motivating and inspiring his audience (especially youth audience) that there's no adversity that they can't pick themselves up from. It is from his background where Mathis derives much of his courtroom formula. For example, his show's opening theme was formerly a brief documentary of his powerful life story. As another example, he takes a liking to litigants who've seen the err in their ways and have made efforts to improve and better their lives.
Mathis believes rehabilitation is within almost everyone's reach if they just receive the right guidance, which is what he tries to provide. In addition to upholding the rule of law in court, he makes a point of emphasizing that education is key to a brighter future. The continued success of his courtroom series has led to the growth of a new generation of younger court show viewers. People understand that it's his concern for their futures that motivates many of his decisions.
Judge Gregory Mathis 
Having an up-close and personal approach, Mathis typically begins proceedings by having litigants expound on their side of the dispute from an intimate and emotional perspective, so as to gain insight into the matter. Only after this process does Mathis prompt the litigants to present the details that are directly pertinent to the lawsuit itself. In this manner, cases on Judge Mathis tend to be deeper and more revealing than those of most other court shows.
Typically, Mathis displays a relaxed, understanding, and open-minded nature. Never missing an opportunity to create a laugh or poke fun, however, Mathis is all too given to wisecracks, ridicule, and gibes that frequently rouse his audience to laughter. He often cuts the tension in his courtroom–even the tension he himself has fostered–with cracks and taunting remarks. In fact, Mathis has bantered directly at audience members at times, resulting in scores of laughter. He also makes a point of calling attention to any and all peculiarities or juicy details revealed throughout the proceedings, emphasizing them, sensationalizing them, and using them as a form of entertainment. He's been known to use high pitch voice qualities to suggest that certain litigants have not recognized the obvious.
Tending to shift back and forth between formal and informal, urban speaking styles during his cases, Mathis is quoted as wisecracking during one case, "Y’all out here having catfights, tryin’ to become jailbirds," and "Don't nobody know what choo' did. Shoot! Choo' just didn't get caught."
Despite his teasing and comedic tendencies, Mathis has serious moments as well. In moments in which Mathis is particularly disturbed by a litigant's recounted behavior, he takes to scalding and shaming behaviors. Sometimes in these moments, Mathis makes a point of solemnizing his courtroom, letting the litigants in question and everyone else know that he's not joking and to be taken seriously. By the last portion of all the cases on the program, Mathis has usually solemnized his demeanor, providing an explanation behind the direction of his verdict along with a stern lecturing to any litigants he's found guilty.
Like many TV court shows, only the bailiff, besides the judge, is in a recurring position. The first bailiff on the series, Brendan Anthony Moran, died on December 19, 2002, after he fell to his death from the balcony of his 24th floor Chicago condo. His death was ruled a suicide, but his family feels it may have been an accident.
Since then, Judge Mathis has had two bailiffs. The current bailiff is Doyle Devereux. Sharing a somewhat similar nature as the judge, bailiff Doyle often acts as a comic relief for the show, interjecting lighthearted observations about the litigants and the cases. Among the recurring humorous motifs, both Doyle and Mathis frequently banter back and forth. As just one example of their jocular relationship, he and Mathis will often insinuate that Doyle enjoys smoking marijuana and has an eye for pretty women. As the bailiff, Doyle oversees the parties after the judgment is made out in the studio court room hallway. In this capacity, the litigants respond towards the camera to Judge Mathis' ruling.
In the first season of the show, court reporter Leslie Merrill would appear at the end of each case to interview the litigants after their judgement. She was ultimately dropped from season 2 and onward.
Aspiring singers and rappers who appear on the show may even be granted a moment to showcase their talents from the lectern. In recent years, the show has begun to conduct paternity testing in disputes about child custody, and drug testing in applicable cases. Mathis often offers or compels drug treatment and family counseling for parties.
In other media, the Judge Mathis show appeared in an episode of The Steve Harvey Show. Romeo, Bullethead, and Lydia sued Steve and Regina over a damaged computer that Steve confiscated from them during class. Since Judge Mathis had appeared at the school earlier in the week, the kids took their case to the Judge Mathis show (and won).
There are has been some controversy over how real the drama presented on the show actually is. Former litigants (sometimes described as contestants) report that they've been heavily coached by the show's producers to heighten appeal to television audiences, including adding false details to their case.
- Judge Mathis website. Online at: "About the Show". Accessed 8 May 2007
- Judge Mathis website. Online at: "When its on". Accessed 5 March 2011
- Omni Television. Ontario "Judge Mathis" Accessed 8 May 2007
- Personal testimony from former litigants. Online at: "judgemathis.vacau.com". Accessed 5 March 2011
- Judge Mathis interview. Online at: "Interview with the Judge Mathis". Accessed 5 March 2011