During the Antebellum (pre-Civil War) period the area was within the Arcola Plantation. The community received its name from John J. Juliff, a settler. In the 1850s the community served as a Brazos River shipping point. In 1858 the Houston Tap and Brazoria Railroad opened in the community. In 1891 the community received a post office. In 1896 a general store appeared. The post office closed in 1908 and reopened in 1914. In 1933 a man named Thurman "Doc" Duke purchased several acres of land by the railroad line, opened a store, and leased the remaining land to other tenants. The tenants opened a dance hall and a group of taverns. This led to Juliff gaining a concentration of consumption of alcohol, gambling, and prostitution. The population of Juliff began to know the town by the name "Diddy Wa Diddy," after a song. By 1940 Juliff had around 50 residents, a church, and three businesses. During the 1940s the population increased to 150. The post office closed in 1958. By 1960s the bars closed or relocated to Houston. By the 1980s the community consisted of several scattered houses.
Juliff is zoned to schools in the Fort Bend Independent School District. The community is within the East Division, controlling school board slots 5 through 7. As of 2008 the board members in the slots are Laurie Caldwell, Steve Smelley, and David Reitz, respectively.
Zoned schools include:
- Schiff Elementary School (Missouri City)
- Billy Baines Middle School (Unincorporated area)
- Hightower High School (Missouri City)
- Lomax, John Nova. "It Ain't No Town And It Ain't No City." Houston Press. Friday October 24, 2008.
- Juliff, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- "2007-2008 Operating Procedures." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- "Contacting Your School Board Members." Fort Bend Independent School District. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- "Elementary School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District.
- "Middle School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District.
- "High School Attendance Zones." Fort Bend Independent School District.
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