Kamāmalu

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Kamāmalu
Queen consort of the Hawaiian Islands
Kamamalu, Liholiho's favorite wife.jpg
Tenure May 20, 1819 – July 8, 1824
Spouse Kamehameha II
Full name
Kamāmalu Kalani-Kuaʻana-o-Kamehamalu-Kekūāiwa-o-kalani-Kealiʻi-Hoʻopili-a-Walu
House House of Kamehameha
Father Kamehameha I
Mother Queen Kalākua Kaheiheimālie
Born c. 1802
Kawaihae, Hawaii
Died July 8, 1824(1824-07-08)
London, England
Burial (1825-05-11)May 11, 1825[1]
Mauna ʻAla Royal Mausoleum

Kamāmalu Kalani-Kuaʻana-o-Kamehamalu-Kekūāiwa-o-kalani-Kealiʻi-Hoʻopili-a-Walu (1802–1824) was Queen consort of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi as the wife of King Kamehameha II. Kamāmalu was short for Kamehamalu or Kamehamehamalu meaning "the Shade of the Lonely One", honoring her father, "the Lonely One".[2] She is not to be confused with Princess Victoria Kamāmalu who was her niece.

Life[edit]

She was the eldest daughter of Queen Kalākua Kaheiheimālie and King Kamehameha I. She was referred to as Kekūāiwa for the early part of her life. According to John Papa ʻĪʻī, she was betrothed to her half-brother Kamehameha II from birth and they were married when she was twelve and he was seventeen or eighteen.[3] Her younger sister Kīnaʻu later also became wife of Kamehameha II as did their half-sister Kekauluohi by their mothers Kalakua Kaheiheimalie. Even though her husband had four other wives (two of them her sisters and the two others her nieces), Kamāmalu was her husband's favorite wife.

In 1823, she joined a royal procession honoring her husband's accession to the throne in a car modeled as a whaleboat. It was fastened to a platform 30 feet (9.1 m) long by 12 feet (3.7 m) wide and borne by 70 men. The boat was lined and the whole platform covered with fine imported broadcloth and tapa cloth of rich colors. The only dress of the queen was a scarlet silk Paʻū, (a feather cloak), and a coronet of feathers. She was seated in the middle of the boat, and screened from the sun by an immense Chinese umbrella of scarlet damask, ornamented with gilding and tassels, supported by a chief standing behind her in a scarlet loincloth and feather helmet. On the boat stood Prime Minister Kalanimoku and national orator Naihe in feathered helmets and bearing a kahili or feather staff of state.[4]

Queen Kamāmalu had a tattoo applied to her tongue as an expression of her deep grief when her mother-in-law Queen Keōpūolani died in 1823. Missionary William Ellis watched the procedure, commenting to the queen that she must be undergoing great pain. The queen replied, "He eha nui no, he nui roa ra ku‘u aroha." (Great pain indeed, greater is my affection.)[5]

Hawaiians in theatre box
In the royal box at London, 1824

In 1823, Kamehameha II and Kamāmalu left the Sandwich Islands for London, arriving there in May 1824 for a state visit with King George IV. In London the royal party were fitted with the latest fashion and attended opera and ballet at the Theatre Royal in Drury Lane.[6] Many ladies of London sought the patterns of the turban that adorned her head. She attracted attention because she stood over six feet tall and was strikingly beautiful. She and her husband were the first Hawaiian monarchs to visit England. While in London, Kamāmalu contracted measles and died on July 8.[7] Six days later her grief-stricken husband also died of the measles. Their bodies were placed in coffins and taken back to Hawaii on the HMS Blonde. At first they were buried in a coral house on the grounds of the ʻIolani Palace, but were later moved to the Royal Mausoleum in Nuʻuanu Valley of Oʻahu island.[8]

Family tree[edit]

Kalaniʻōpuʻu (k)
 
 
 
Kalola (w)
 
Keōua (k)
 
Kekuʻiapoiwa II (w)
 
 
 
 
Kānekapōlei (w)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kīwalaʻō
 
Kekuiapoiwa Liliha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keōpūolani
 
 
Kamehameha I
(The Great)
(died 1819)
 
Kalākua Kaheiheimālie
 
Kaʻahumanu
(1819–1832)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liholiho
Kamehameha II
(1819–1824)
 
Kamāmalu
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keouawahine
 
Pauli Kaʻōleiokū
*Kamehameha I saved Pauli after the Battle of Mokuʻōhai and is said to have claimed him as a son. Whether that is of natural or adopted status is not known.
 
Kahailiopua
Luahine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kauikeaouli
Kamehameha III
(1825–1854)
 
Kalama
 
 
 
Elizabeth Kīnaʻu
Kaʻahumanu II
 
Mataio
Kekūanāoʻa
 
Pauahi
 
Laura Kōnia
 
Abner Pākī
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keaweaweʻulaokalani I
 
Keaweaweulaokalani II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Emma
 
Alexander Liholiho
Kamehameha IV
(1854–1863)
 
Lot Kapuāiwa
Kamehameha V
(1863–1872)
 
Victoria Kamāmalu
Kaʻahumanu IV
(1855–1863)
 
Ruth Keʻelikōlani
 
Charles Reed
Bishop
 
Bernice Pauahi
Bishop
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Albert Kamehameha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John William Pitt Kīnaʻu
 
Keolaokalani Davis
 
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roger G. Rose, Sheila Conant and Eric P. Kjellgren. "Hawaiian standing kahili in the Bishop museum: An ethnological and biological analysis". "Journal of the Polynesian Society". Polynesian Society. pp. 273–304. Retrieved 2011-09-18. 
  2. ^ Sarah Josepha Hale (1853). Woman's Record: or, Sketches of All Distinguished Women, from "the Beginning" till A.D. 1850. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 371. 
  3. ^ Corley 2012, p. 40.
  4. ^ Charles Samuel Stewart (1828). Residence in the Sandwich Islands. John P. Haven. pp. 92–93. 
  5. ^ William Ellis (1853). Polynesian researches during a residence of nearly eight years in the Society and Sandwich islands. Bohn. p. 181. 
  6. ^ J. Susan Corley (2008). "British Press Greets the King of the Sandwich Islands: Kamehameha II in London, 1824". Hawaiian Journal of History 42 (Hawaii Historical Society). hdl:10524/261. 
  7. ^ Stanford T. Shulman, Deborah L. Shulman, Ronald H. Sims (August 2009). "The Tragic 1824 Journey of the Hawaiian King and Queen to London: History of Measles in Hawaii". The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28 (8): 728–733. doi:10.1097/INF.0b013e31819c9720. PMID 19633516. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  8. ^ "Queen Kamamalu". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 16, 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Corley, J. Susan (2012). "Queen Kamämalu’s Place in Hawaiian History". Hawaiian Journal of History (Hawaiian Historical Society) 46: 37–60. hdl:10524/33793. 

External links[edit]

Royal titles
Preceded by
Keōpūolani
and
Kaʻahumanu
Queen consort of Hawaiʻi
1819 - 1824
Succeeded by
Kalama