Kfar Yuval hostage crisis
|Kfar Yuval hostage crisis|
|Part of Palestinian insurgency in South Lebanon|
|Location||Kfar Yuval, Israel|
|Date||June 15, 1975|
|Deaths||3 Israelis (+ 4 attackers)|
|Perpetrators||Four Palestinian militants. Arab Liberation Front claimed responsibility.|
The Kfar Yuval hostage crisis, which took place during June 15, 1975, was a raid by a squad of Palestinian militants belonging to the Arab Liberation Front on the Israeli moshav of Kfar Yuval in which the militants took residents as hostages and attempted to bargain for the release of terrorists held in Israeli prisons. One person was killed during the takeover.
An IDF special unit freed the hostages and killed the four militants the same day. During the operation, an IDF soldier was killed, and his wife, one of the hostages, was fatally wounded.
Details of the attack
On June 13, 1975 a squad of militants belonging to the Arab Liberation Front militant organization crossed the border from Lebanon, heading towards the Israeli village of Kfar Yuval. The squad, which was hiding in the apple plantations of the village, was not detected by the security forces, although security had been reinforced in the village after the breach in the border fence was discovered. On the night of June 15 four militants infiltrated a house in the village. One of the family members, Nehemiah Joseph, who was an Armored Corps soldier, attempted to stop them, blocking the entry to the house doors by gathering furniture next to the door, but was killed by the militants immediately; the other people in the house were taken hostage.
After Israeli military forces arrived at the scene negotiations with the militants began, with the help of the local resident Rahamim Cohen, who volunteered for the job as he spoke fluent Arabic. The militants presented a proclamation with demands to release terrorists detained in Israeli prisons, including Archbishop Hilarion Capucci and Japanese militant Kōzō Okamoto.
Jacob Mordecai, the husband of hostage Simcha Mordecai and a combat soldier in the Golani Brigade in his army service, heard about the hostage-taking while on his way to work and quickly returned to the village, not knowing that his wife and 11-month-old son were among the hostages. He spoke with the commander of the northern command and demanded to be allowed to join the takeover force, mainly because he knew how the rooms in the house were laid out. The commander of the northern command accepted and Jacob joined the takeover operation team.
As the force began breaking into the house they were shot at by the militants. Jacob went ahead of the rest of the takeover team and charged into the house and shot two militants dead, but was himself killed. The rest of the takeover force, encouraged by Mordechai's daring move, broke into the house and in the resulting exchange of fire, killed the rest of the squad.
Jacob Mordecai was killed and Isaac Joseph-Chai, the father of the family taken hostage, and his son Abraham Joseph-Chai were seriously injured during the exchange of fire. Jacob's wife Simcha was also injured, and died the next day in the hospital. Jacob's infant son Assaf was saved because his mother hid him in a washing machine.
Jacob Mordecai was posthumously awarded the Medal of Courage.
- Palestinian Raiders Hold Israel Family But Then Are Slain – published on The New York Times on June 15, 1975
- Terrorists Attack Israeli Villagers – published on the Herald-Journal on June 16, 1975
- Israel Retaliates After Raid On Village Leaves 7 Dead – published on the Milwaukee Journal on June 16, 1975
- Mother Gets Guerrillas To Spare Son; Then Dies – published on the Virgin Islands Daily News on June 17, 1975