|• official||Qiryat Anavim|
|Founded by||Immigrants from the Third Aliyah|
Kiryat Anavim (Hebrew: קִרְיַת עֲנָבִים, lit. City of Grapes) was the first kibbutz established in the Judean Hills. It is located west of Jerusalem, and falls under the jurisdiction of the Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2008 it had a population of 313.
The land on which the kibbutz stands was purchased from the neighboring village of Abu Ghosh. In 1912 the Abu Ghosh family sold thousands of dunams to Arthur Ruppin, who represented the Zionist movement.  In 1919 a group of 25 pioneers from the Ukrainian town of Zhvanitz settled on the land, near a small spring called "Dilb." By the end of 1920, there were 200 pioneers on the kibbutz. the Gordonia, group arrived from Galicia, Poland.in 1936
On 9 November 1937, five members of Kiryat Anavim were killed by terrorists. Kibbutz Ma'ale HaHamisha (lit. Hill of the Five) was named for them.
In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the 4th Battalion of the Palmach (Harel Brigade), with Uzi Narkiss, mounted their fight for Sha'ar HaGai, the road to Jerusalem, and the city itself, from Kiryat Anavim. Kiryat Anavim and the adjacent Ma'ale HaHamisha were the site of a battle for Mount Hagana in between, between the Palmach (including troops that retreated from the Radar Hill) and the Transjordanian Arab Legion.
In the early days, the pioneers operated a dairy and a poultry farm. In 1968, the kibbutz produced cherries, peaches, grapes, and plums; and operated a guest house, cotton fields and orange groves. Anavid Insulation Products, founded in 1981, is wholly owned by Kibbutz Kiryat Anavim. The plant produces thermal insulation and sealing materials.In June 2013, the kibbutz opened the Cramim hotel which offers a spa treatment based on vinotherapy. 
During Israel's War of Independence in 1948, many who fell in battle to secure the road to Jerusalem were buried at the kibbutz cemetery. A memorial monument was designed for the cemetery by Israeli sculptor Menahem Shemi. Soldiers of the Harel Brigade are among those interred here.
- "Locality File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-10.
- Our History Kiryat Anavim
- Army of shadows: Palestinian collaboration with Zionism, 1917 – 1948 / Hillel Cohen
- "The "Hunting Season"". etzel.org.il. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- A defender of Jerusalem The Jerusalem Post
- Yitzhaki, Aryeh (1988), A Guide to War Monuments and Sites in Israel, p. 59
- Israeli Fire Destroys 40 Homes; Allegations of Poor Response SNS Special Report, 8 September 1996
- Anavid Insulation Products
- More ﬁve-star hotels for Israel
- Warriors' Final Resting Place: The Cemetery at Kibbutz Kiryat Anavim Gems in Israel, April 2000
- Ed. Aviva Ufaz, Sefer Hachayim, the Diary of Kiryat Anavim, Yad Ben Zvi, 2001 (Hebrew)
- 'Vehigadta Lebinha - 50 Years of Independence', Kiryat Anavim, 1998 (Hebrew)
- 'Sipurei Kibbutzim' (Stories of Kibbutzim), Edited by Zeev Aner, Israel Ministry of Defense, 1998, ISBN 965-05-0946 (Hebrew)
- 'Document and Fiction of the Third Aliya', written by Aviva Ufaz, Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 1996 (Hebrew)