Kodumudi

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Kodumudi
Town
Kodumudi is located in Tamil Nadu
Kodumudi
Kodumudi
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°05′N 77°53′E / 11.08°N 77.88°E / 11.08; 77.88Coordinates: 11°05′N 77°53′E / 11.08°N 77.88°E / 11.08; 77.88
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Erode
Elevation 144 m (472 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 12,669
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 638151
Telephone code 04204
Vehicle registration TN33

Kodumudi is a panchayat town in the Erode district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Geography[edit]

Kodumudi has an average elevation of 144 metres (472 feet).

Kodumudi is one of the yamakndur in Kongunadu, and is believed to be one of the shikarams of Kailash. Sundarar composed his Namachivaayappatikam here. Several literary works praise the glory of this temple, which is regarded as the sixth of the seven Tevara Stalams in the Kongu Region of Tamil Nadu.[citation needed]

Brahma and Vishnu, who are enshrined here, are said to have worshipped Shiva, hence the name Trimurthy Kovil (in Tamil, "Mumoorthigal Thalam"). Agasthyar is said to have worshipped here. In a test of strength between Adisesha and Vayu, fivegems are said to have been scattered from the head of Adisesha. A red stone landed at Tiruvannamalai, an emerald at Eengoimalai, a blue diamond at Potikai, a manikkam at Vaatpoki, and a diamond here.

The legend of Agasthyar traveling to the south to tilt the balance of the earth is associated with Paandikkodumudi; it is believed that the waters of his kamandalam flowed from here, as the Kaveri river, to alleviate the misery of the farmers downstream. The Vinayakar here is referred to as Kaviri Kanda Vinayakar.

The Temple Elephant gets a good scrub and shower in the Kaveri
The mahout is in charge of the elephant and its well being, including its decoration and availability for rituals

The temple has shrines to Kodumudi Nathar, Vadivudaiammai, Perumaal and Taayaar. There are 3 entrances leading to the Kodumudi Nathar, Ambal and Veeranarayana Perumal shrines. The sun's rays illuminate the sanctum of Shiva and Ambal for a period of 4 days in the months of Panguni and Aavani.

Endowments from the Pandyan rulers have lent the name Paandikkodumudi to this shrine. There are several inscriptions here recording endowments from various royal dynasties. The lion-faced pillars testify to Pallava contributions.

Bhrammotsavam is celebrated in Chittirai, in addition to Aadipperukku, where lighted lamps are set afloat in the river.

Temple lore[edit]

A well known divine story of the temple starts with the combat between Aathisesha and Vaayu (the god of life and the element air). This war convulses the holy Meru (divine hill) breaking it into five pieces, which, after this war, change into five Swayambulinga Sivasthalas. These five sthalas are represented as five types of precious stones:

  • Emerald - Thirueengoimalai
  • Red - Thiruvannarmalai
  • Blue - Kuttraalam
  • Manickam - Sivaaya Malai
  • Diamond - Kodumudi

This temple is a parikara sthalam for Kalasarpa dosham. Devotees fetch thirteen pots of water from river, and do abishekam to Kaviri-kanda-vinayagar under the peepul tree.

The following song is in praise of Makudeswara, the lord of the temple.

  • கொடுமுடி நாதர் துதி
  • காவிரிக்கரை கொண்ட திருப்பாண்டிக்கொடுமுடி,
  • கோலமுது சூழ் மும்மூர்த்தி நற் தலமதில்;
  • தாவியக்கரை ஓடும் முன்வினை பாவங்கள்,
  • தாள் பணிந்திட்டேன் சுந்தரநாயகியின் நாதனே;
  • கூவி யிக்கரையில் வன்னி னிழல மர்ந்து,
  • கவி பாடும் பிறை சேகரனின் சொல்லேற்க
  • வாருமே நமசிவாயமே! நமசிவாயமே!

Art and architecture[edit]

கொடுமுடி மகுடேஸ்வரர் கோவில்

Kodumudi is a holy place, with the holy River Kaveri and a characteristic feature, the Kavadi Theei'lham. This Kavadi, with Kaviri (Ka--Crow, Viri-Spread) water and Vanni Leaves, is the symbol of tradition during the pilgrimage to Palanimalai. This pilgrimage includes various type of musical instruments like Udukkai, Thaarai, Thampattam, Pambai, Nathaswaram, Thiruchinnam, and Thuththari, as well as dancing performances.

Educational institutions[edit]

  • Valli matriculation higher secondary school, vaikaalset
  • S.S.V. higher secondary school
  • S.S.V. girls higher secondary school
  • S.S.V. matriculation higher secondary school, Sivagiri
  • Sindhu nursery and primary school
  • Thamarai matriculation higher secondary school, Thamaraipalayam
  • Kongu matriculation school, Solangapalayam
  • Bharathi matriculation school, Nallasellipalayam
  • S.S.B.P. school, Kodumudi

Individuality[edit]

  • The Holy and Mystic Vanni Tree, without flourishing and ripening, is the miraculous event of this temple.
  • The last week of Aavani Tamil month, and first week of Panguni Tamil month, are the days of special Dharsan. During these periods the sunlight enters through the aperture of the Rajagopuram (entrance tower) and reaches the Swayambulingam.
  • Kodumudi is the place of Kaviri Mother. She turns from the south towards the east. The River Kaviri, with this divine personality, forms a fulfillment in devotion. The devotees can approach this sthala to receive a blessing for a fruitful life by means of Thirumoorthi's grace.

Holy water points[edit]

Theertham defines the holy river Kaviri and other Holy water origins inside the temple. Every year for the Thaipposam kavadi, holy water from river at kodumudi is taken in pots to the Palani Dandayudhapani temple for ablution. The temple thalapuranam says that during Thirumalai Naicker's regime, his commander appointed Sarswat Gurukal from Kodumudi. After a few years, the descendents of Pulipani siththar regained their rights, and have been managing the daily rituals of navapashanam idol at palani since.

Sacred tree[edit]

The Vanni Tree is a 3000 year old living tree.

Religious festivals[edit]

The Chithirai Festival begins with a flag hoist and car ride on the day of Hastha Nakshthra, and ends on the day of Chithra Nakshathra with holy bathing in the river in the morning, and lowering the flag in the evening. During this ten days of ceremony, the Uthsavamoorthis (the festive deities Siva and Vishnu) will be taken out on different types of Vahanas for dharsan.

The 18th day of Aadi Tamil month is the day for holy bathing in the river Kaviri. During this function, the Uthsavamoorthi will be taken to the river bank and there will be a ceremony called "Deepam", conducted by Thirukovil, at 6.00 PM. The last friday of the Aadi Month is the day of making decorations to all the deities, with sandalwood powder.

The Moola Nakshathra day of Aavani Tamil Month is a day of Siva, Peruman, who blesses the living being of the river bank, called Pittu Thiruvizha. The Rohini Nakshathra day of Aavani Month is the birthday of Lord Krishna, and is known as Krishna Jayanthi. This festival is conducted for two days.

Aswini Nakshathra of Aipasi Tamil Month is the day of Annabishekam (abishekam with cooked rice) to Lord Magudeshwara, and the six day Sasti Festival, which ends with the Soora Samhara. The seventh day functions as the marriage ceremony of Lord Muruga with Valli, Devasena.

The Krithika Nakshathra day of Karthigai Tamil Month is a day of "Karthikai Deepam" (day of light). The last Monday of this month is the day for the "108 Sankabishekam" (conches filled with Kaviri water).

The Thiruvathirai Nakshatra day of Margazhi Tamil Month is the day for Lord Nataraja. A procession for the festive deities is taken out for the public dharshan. The "Ekadhasi" is the day of entering in the Gateway to reach "Vaikuntham" (Heaven of Mahavshnu). This ceremony is followed by the procession of "Uthsavamoorthis".

Pushpa Nakshathra of Thai Tamil Month is the day of "Theerthavizha".

Mahasivarathri is a grand saivaite festival, to receive the blessing from the Supreme Divine grace, Sivaperuman.

Uthra Nakshathra day of this Panguni Tamil Month is the day of worshiping Lord Muruga.

Transport facilities[edit]

This sthala is situated on the main route between Erode and Trichy, near Madurai highways and train facilities. Trains from Erode towards Trichy, Madurai, Kaniyakumari, Thirunelveli, Tuticorin are available for the devotees. Both train and bus facilities are available to reach Kodumudi.

  • Trichy 100 km
  • Coimbatore 100 km
  • Salem 100 km
  • Erode 40 km
  • Karur 26 km
  • Tiruppur 60 km
  • Gobichettipalayam 70 km
  • Namakkal 45 km
  • Muthur 18 km
  • Sivagiri 10 km

Air services[edit]

  • Chennai to Trichy Airport - Karur(bus travel) - Kodumudi
  • Chennai to Coimbatore Airport - Erode(bus travel) - Kodumudi

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census,[1] Kodumudi had a population of 12,669. Males constituted 50% of the population, and females 50%. Kodumudi has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 62%. In Kodumudi, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Industries[edit]

Kodumudi is famous for agriculture. Turmeric and sugercane, are grown in kodumudi area. Although Kodumudi is primarily an agricultural town, some industries are situated around Kodumudi.

  • TNPL is situated 15 km away from Kodumudi, one of the largest paper mills in India.
  • EID parry sugar mill is situated 18 km away from Kodumudi.
  • SKM eggs and POORNA oil mills are 20 km away from Kodumudi.
  • SADHAS textiles and KARVEMBU textiles are situated 15 km from Kodumudi.
  • There are a number of Rice mills around Kodumudi.

Notable personalities[edit]

  • K. B. Sundarambal, a renowned stage artist and singer of South India. Kodumudi has a cinema theater name with her initials: KBS.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]