Kozova

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Kozova
Козова
Flag of Kozova
Flag
Coat of arms of Kozova
Coat of arms
Kozova is located in Ukraine
Kozova
Kozova
Location of Kozova, Ukraine
Coordinates: 49°25′55″N 25°09′34″E / 49.43194°N 25.15944°E / 49.43194; 25.15944
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Ternopil Oblast
Kozova
Area
 • Total 18 km2 (7 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 8,900
 • Density 509/km2 (1,320/sq mi)
Postal code 47600
Area code(s) +380 3547
Website http://www.koz.org.ua

Kozova (Ukrainian: Козова; Polish: Kozowa; Russian: Козо́ва) is a small town (urban-type settlement) in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine, in the area historically known as Galicia, 16 km (10 mi) east of Berezhany, some 30 km (19 mi) west of Ternopil and c. 100 km (62 mi) southeast of Lviv. The town is situated beside a lake on the Koropets River (“little carp”). There is presumption that the name Kozova comes from the Ukrainian word koza (goat), though other possible sources exist.

History[edit]

During 1350-1772 and again in 1919-1939 it was part of Poland. The first partition of Poland in 1772 attributed Galicia to the Habsburg Monarchy. See more details in the article Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. The Polish name Kozowa was used until 1939.

Austrian stamp cancelled around 1861 in KOZOWA (Polish name in Galicia)

Kozova was part of the Soviet Union in the years 1939-1991, interrupted by the period of German occupation in 1941-1944.

The population in 1939 was about 5,000, including many Poles and Jews. Upon the German occupation following Operation Barbarossa, the extermination of the town's Jewish population began. About 1.000 Jews were deported from Kozova to the Belzec death camp on 21 September 1942. In April 1943, another 1,000 Kozova Jews were shot by Germans, and in June 1943, 400 more Jews were executed by the Nazis. All are buried in mass grave in Kozova. After the war's end, the remaining population is exclusively Ukrainian, with only a few Poles, Jews and Russians.

Kozova is now the administrative center of the Kozova Raion with about 5.000 inhabitants (in the town itself), mostly local Galician Ukrainians.

Economy[edit]

Kozova Dairy is a major dairy enterprise, with a butter plant that processes 50 tons of milk daily. AGRO Ltd. from Lviv holds majority positions in Kozova Dairy. The town also is known for the sugar refinery, one of the main ones of the region.[1]

Communications[edit]

The telephone code for Kozova and the Kozova district is +380 3547. Kozova telephone information service (called Dovidkova in Ukrainian): +380 3547 21222

Monuments[edit]

  • Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church Church of Assumption of Theotokos (1885), saint Peter and Paul (2007), saint Basil Great (2001).
  • Belfry of Holy Spirit Church in village of Koniukhy, Kozova district.
  • Holy Spirit Church in village of Koniukhy, Kozova district.
  • Monument to Taras Shevchenko (classical Ukrainian writer and poet) in front of Kozova Children Arts School (Khudozhnya Shkola)

See also[edit]

  • Shtetl, a small town with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Volodymyr Kubijovyč, ed. (1984). Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Volume 5 (Repr. ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 201. ISBN 978-0-8020-3362-8. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°26′N 25°09′E / 49.433°N 25.150°E / 49.433; 25.150