Kurt von Tippelskirch

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Kurt von Tippelskirch
Kurt von Tippelskirch.jpg
Born (1891-10-09)9 October 1891
Charlottenburg, today district of Berlin
Died 10 May 1957(1957-05-10) (aged 65)
Lüneburg (Lower Saxony)
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1910–1945
Rank General der Infanterie
Commands held Army Group Vistula
German 21st Army
German 14th Army
Battles/wars

World War I

World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Relations Curt Gallenkamp (brother in-law)

Kurt Oskar Heinrich Ludwig Wilhelm von Tippelskirch (9 October 1891 – 10 May 1957) was a general in the German Army during World War II.

Personal life[edit]

Kurt von Tippelskirch was born on 9 October 1891 in Berlin (Charlottenburg). His wife's name was Elly (née Gallenkamp) von Tippelskirch.

His son, Adolf-Hilmar von Tippelskirch, received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 29 September 1941 as a Lieutenant (Oberleutnant), while serving as Chief of the 1st Battery of Artillery Regiment 3 on the northern sector of the Eastern Front. As a Major in the General Staff, he was killed in action near Mogilev in Russia on 28 June 1944.

His brother-in-Law, Artillery General (General der Artillerie) Curt Gallenkamp (17 February 1890 to 13 April 1958), received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 19 November 1941. He received the Knight's Cross while commanding the 78th Infantry Division on the Eastern Front.

Army career[edit]

  • Kurt von Tippelskirch entered the German Army, passing the Cadet Corps on 3 March 1910.
  • Lieutenant (Leutnant) von Tippelskirch was captured by the French during the First Battle of the Marne in September 1914.
  • After being released from captivity in 1920, Kurt von Tippelskirch became a Chief of the 4th Company of Infantry Regiment 9.
  • Between 1924 and 1933: von Tippelskirch served in several staff positions, commander of Infantry Regiment 27 (1934) and, later, he transferred to the Defense Ministry (1936).
  • In 1938 to 1941: Kurt von Tippelskirch was appointed Staff for Intelligence in the Army General Staff and worked analyzing intelligence data connected to Germany’s campaigns of the war and Operation Barbarossa.
  • 5 January to 5 June 1942: Major-General (Generalleutnant) von Tippelskirch commander of the 30th Infantry Division belonging to the German 16th Army of General (Generaloberst) Ernst Busch (Army Group North).
  • 27 August 1942 to 1 February 1943: General of Infantry Kurt von Tippelskirch served in Italian 8th Army on the Eastern Front.
  • 18 February 1944 to 4 June 1944: von Tipelskirch was commanding general of the XII Army Corps on the Eastern Front. In June to July 1944 he assumed temporary command of the German 4th Army.
  • 18 July 1944: von Tippelskirch was injured in an airplane crash.[1] From 31 October 1944 to 22 February 1945, von Tippelskirch was delegated to the Western Front, first as the commander of the German 1st Army in Lorraine and then as the commander of the German 14th Army in Italy.
  • 26 December 1944: von Tippelskrich launched Operation Winter Thunderstorm, which held off the Allied forces until 1945.[2]
  • 27 April 1945 to 2 May 1945: von Tippelskirch was the commander of German 21st Army on the collapsing Eastern Front. His army operated in Brandenburg and Mecklenburg.
  • 29 April 1945 to 1 May 1945: von Tippelskirch was the commander of Army Group Vistula (Heeresgruppe Weichsel), acting for Kurt Student. For the especially successful leadership in German Army, von Tippelskirch was decorated and awarded.
  • 2 May 1945: von Tippelskirch surrendered to the United States Army.[2]

After the war[edit]

Kurt von Tippelskirch surrendered to the United States Army on 2 May 1945. He surrendered in the vicinity of LübeckSchwerin - Wismar (Germany).

After the war, von Tippelskirch wrote several books on military history (e.g. History of the Second World War, 1951).

Kurt von Tippelskirch died 10 May 1957 at Lüneburg (Lower Saxony).

Ranks[edit]

Awards and decorations[edit]

Wehrmachtbericht reference[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
3 April 1944 Zwischen dem Dnjepr und Tichauffy haben die unter dem Befehl des Generals der Infanterie von Tippelskirch und des Generals der Artillerie Martinek stehenden Truppen in siebentägigen schweren Kämpfen Durchbruchsversuche von 17 feindlichen Schützendivisionen, einer motorisierten und zweier Panzerbrigaden vereitelt und damit einen hervorragenden Abwehrerfolg errungen.[7] Between the Dnieper and Tichauffy, troops under the command of General of Infantry of Tippelskirch and General of Artillery Martinek in seven days of heavy fighting have thwarted breakthrough attempts of 17 enemy infantry divisions, a motorized and two armored brigades, and thus achieved an outstanding defensive success.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Some of the prisoners held at Special Camp 11. Retrieved on 2 July 2007.
  2. ^ a b Spartacus Educational. Kurt von Tippelskirch. Retrieved on 2 July 2007.
  3. ^ a b c d Thomas 1998, p. 382.
  4. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 746.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 424.
  6. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 86.
  7. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 72.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalmajor Walter Buechs
Commander of 30. Infanterie-Division
5 January 1941 – 5 June 1942
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Thomas-Emil von Wickede
Preceded by
Generaloberst Gotthard Heinrici
Commander of 4. Armee
4 June 1944 – 30 June 1944
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Vincenz Müller
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Vincenz Müller
Commander of 4. Armee
7 July 1944 – 18 July 1944
Succeeded by
General der Infantrie Friedrich Hoßbach
Preceded by
General der Panzertruppen Traugott Herr
Commander of 14. Armee
12 December 1944 – 22 February 1945
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppen Joachim Lemelsen
Preceded by
Generaloberst Nikolaus von Falkenhorst
Commander of 21. Armee
27 April 1945 – 2 May 1945
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
Generaloberst Gotthard Heinrici
Commander of Army Group Vistula
29 April 1945 – 1 May 1945
Succeeded by
none