La Rinconada, Peru

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
La Rinconada
View of the city
View of the city
Flag of La Rinconada
Flag
Official seal of La Rinconada
Seal
La Rinconada is located in Peru
La Rinconada
La Rinconada
Coordinates: 14°37′57″S 69°26′45″W / 14.63250°S 69.44583°W / -14.63250; -69.44583Coordinates: 14°37′57″S 69°26′45″W / 14.63250°S 69.44583°W / -14.63250; -69.44583
Country  Peru
Region Puno
Province San Antonio de Putina
District Ananea
Elevation 5,100 m (16,700 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 50,000

La Rinconada is a city in the Peruvian Andes located near a gold mine.[1] It is the highest elevation human habitation in the world.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

The city is located in the Ananea District, San Antonio de Putina Province. It lies at a height of 5,100 m (16,732.28 feet) above sea level.

Climate[edit]

Located in the Andes, La Rinconada has an unusual subtropical highland climate (Cwc, according to the Köppen climate classification), with subpolar oceanic characteristics (the average temperature of the warmest month is lower than 10 °C (50 °F)), bordering on a subpolar climate (Dwc). The city has humid summers, dry winters and chilly to cold temperatures throughout the year, with snowfalls.

The average annual temperature in La Rinconada is 1.2 °C and the average annual rainfall is 707 mm.

Climate data for La Rinconada
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
7.7
(45.9)
8.0
(46.4)
8.6
(47.5)
8.5
(47.3)
8.2
(46.8)
8.2
(46.8)
9.6
(49.3)
9.6
(49.3)
11.0
(51.8)
10.3
(50.5)
8.7
(47.7)
8.89
(48.02)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
2.5
(36.5)
2.4
(36.3)
1.7
(35.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.3
(34.3)
2.5
(36.5)
2.4
(36.3)
2.7
(36.9)
1.25
(34.25)
Average low °C (°F) −3.1
(26.4)
−2.6
(27.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
−7.5
(18.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
−11.2
(11.8)
−10.3
(13.5)
−7.0
(19.4)
−5.9
(21.4)
−5.5
(22.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
−6.36
(20.55)
Precipitation mm (inches) 135
(5.31)
113
(4.45)
106
(4.17)
50
(1.97)
19
(0.75)
7
(0.28)
6
(0.24)
15
(0.59)
34
(1.34)
51
(2.01)
67
(2.64)
104
(4.09)
707
(27.84)
Source: Climate-data.org[4]

Population[edit]

The population had grown from the year 2001 to 2009 to 30,000 inhabitants, as the price of gold rose 235% in the same time.[5]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The economy is mainly based on the production of gold in the nearby mine.

Many miners work at the gold mine owned by Corporación Ananea. Under the cachorreo system they work for 30 days without payment. On the 31st day they are allowed to take with them as much ore as they can carry on their shoulders.[5] Whether the ore contains any gold or not is a matter of luck.

Environmental problems[edit]

The city has no plumbing and no sanitation system.[5] Besides having no sewage system there is significant contamination with mercury due to the mining practices. Local miners refine the ore by grinding and treating it with mercury and pressing the mass through a cloth to filter it. The resulting amalgam is heated to remove the mercury.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]