Lavaur, Tarn

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Lavaur
Lavaur vue aerienne 3.jpg
Lavaur is located in France
Lavaur
Lavaur
Coordinates: 43°41′59″N 1°49′11″E / 43.6997°N 1.8197°E / 43.6997; 1.8197Coordinates: 43°41′59″N 1°49′11″E / 43.6997°N 1.8197°E / 43.6997; 1.8197
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Tarn
Arrondissement Castres
Canton Lavaur
Intercommunality Tarn et Agout
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Bernard Carayon
Area1 62.83 km2 (24.26 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 10,369
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 81140 / 81500
Elevation 105–274 m (344–899 ft)
(avg. 141 m or 463 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Lavaur is a commune in the Tarn department in southern France. It lies 37 km southeast of Montauban by rail.

History[edit]

Lavaur was taken in 1211 by Simon de Montfort during the wars of the Albigenses, a monument marking the site where Dame Giraude de Laurac (Lady of Lavaur) was killed,[1] being thrown down a well and stoned to death.[2] The town was also taken several times during the religious wars of the 16th century.

Geography[edit]

Lavaur stands on the left bank of the Agout, which is here crossed by a railway-bridge and a fine stone bridge of the late 18th century.

Demographics[edit]

Population:

1906: town 4069; commune 6388
1999: commune 8537
2006: commune 10,369

Sights[edit]

Lavaur Cathedral

From 1317 till the French Revolution Lavaur was the seat of a bishopric; Lavaur Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Alan, was built for this purpose, dating from the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries, with an octagonal bell-tower. A second, smaller square tower contains a jaquemart (a statue which strikes the hours with a hammer) of the 16th century. In the bishops garden is the statue of Emmanuel, comte de Las Cases, one of the companions of Napoleon at Saint Helena.

Economy[edit]

The town carries on distilling and flour-milling and the manufacture of brushes, plaster and wooden shoes.

Notable residents[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

There is a subprefecture and a tribunal of first instance (a lower Court of Justice).

See also[edit]

References[edit]