Le Livre de poche
Le Livre de Poche (literally "The Pocket Book") is the name of a collection of literature which appeared 9 February 1953 under the leadership of Henri Filipacchi and published by the Librairie générale française, a subsidiary of Hachette.
Admittedly, books of a similar format, fitting in a pocket, already existed. Since 1905, Editions Jules Tallandier marketed themselves under the name Livre de poche, popular novels at low cost. But the successful reception of Le Livre de Poche was due to the combination of the new idea of consumerism with the era and the popular demand and study of a cheap and desacralized book, presented in covers recalling cinema posters, but the vehicle of a quality literature.
Thus Kœnigsmark, by Pierre Benoit, was the first title released, in 1953. Every fortnight a new title is released. It soon became a fait de société. From 8 million copies in 1957-1958, sales climbed to 28 million in 1969. This success inspired competitors: J'ai lu created by Flammarion in 1958, Presses Pocket created by the Presses de la Cité and Folio created by Gallimard in 1972 after its withdrawal from the Librairie Générale Française. But, with nearly a billion volumes distributed since its creation and more than 18 million specimens sold in 2002, it remains the premier widely distributed French paperback collection.
The capital of La Librairie générale française, a limited company, is owned 80% by Hachette-Livre and, up to 20%, by les Éditions Albin Michel.
- 3,500 titles in its catalogue as of 31.12.2002
- 14,000 titles published since 1953
- 1 billion volumes distributed since its inception
- 360 new titles a year
- 1,000 reprinted titles a year
- more than 18 million specimens sold in 2002