Leyte Gulf

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This article is about the body of water. For the World War II battle, see Battle of Leyte Gulf. For the cruiser, see USS Leyte Gulf (CG-55).
Leyte Gulf near Guinsahugon

Leyte Gulf is a part of the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean, immediately east of the island of Leyte in the Philippines, at 10°50′N 125°25′E / 10.833°N 125.417°E / 10.833; 125.417Coordinates: 10°50′N 125°25′E / 10.833°N 125.417°E / 10.833; 125.417. The Gulf is bounded on the north by the island of Samar, the latter of which is separated on the west from Leyte by the narrow San Juanico Strait, and on the south by Mindanao Island, the latter of which is on north separated from Leyte by the Surigao Strait.[1][2] Dinagat Island partly encloses the Gulf to the southeast, and the small Homonhon Island and Suluan Island, sit astride the eastern entrance to the Gulf. It is approximately 130 km (80 mi) north-south, and 60 km (40 mi) east-west.[2]

Several municipalities are situated on the coast of Leyte Gulf: Balangiga, Giporlos, Guiuan, Lawa-an, Mercedes, Quinapondan and Salcedo. There are also eleven marine reserves in the gulf region.[3]

Leyte Gulf was also the scene of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, which extends to Surigao Strait during the Battle of Surigao Strait, the largest naval battle of World War II and started the end of Japanese occupation in the Philippines.[4]

In 2013, Typhoon Haiyan stirred up a storm surge in Leyte Gulf, resulting to massive loss of lives, agricultural land and property along Leyte's shores.[5]

Fishing[edit]

Leyte Gulf is identified by the Leyte State University as one of the important fishing grounds of Leyte and Samar.[6] Like other rich fishing grounds such as Maqueda Bay and Carigara Bay, the gulf is known for abundant catches of anchioves, herring, shrimp and crabs.[7] It was also once one of the richest sources of mud crabs in 1985.[8] Fish harvest has been in decline in the gulf due to the use of dynamite fishing.[9] Typhoon Haiyan has damaged the hard coral cover within the gulf's area, further reducing the fish harvest.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster's Geographic Dictionary, Third Edition, p. 647.
  2. ^ a b Woodward, C. Vann; Evan Thomas (1997). The Battle for Leyte Gulf: The Incredible Story of World War II's Largest Naval Battle. Skyhorse Publishing Inc. pp. 3–7. ISBN 1-60239-194-7. 
  3. ^ KÜHLMANN, K U (4 April 2002). "Evaluations of marine reserves as basis to develop alternative livelihoods in coastal areas of the Philippines". Aquaculture International 10: 527–549. 
  4. ^ "Part 3 of East Philippines Seaboard Mapping Expedition 2015". Schadow1 Expeditions. 6 April 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Local amplification of storm surge by Super Typhoon Haiyan in Leyte Gulf". Geophysical Research Letters 41 (14): 5106–5113. 28 July 2014. 
  6. ^ dela Cruz, Rita (2003). "Commercially important seafoods in Samar and Leyte identified". http://www.bar.gov.ph/. Bureau of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  7. ^ Wernstedt, Frederick L.; Spencer, Joseph Earle (1967). The Philippine Island World: A Physical, Cultural, and Regional Geography. University of California Press. p. 466. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  8. ^ Lee, Christopher. "A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE ECOLOGY AND FISHERIES OF THE MUD CRAB, Scylla serrata, IN QUEENSLAND" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  9. ^ "Leyte Gulf attacked by dynamite fishers". www.aseanaffairs.com. Asean Affairs. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  10. ^ Pinili, Liberty A (6 December 2014). "Typhoon damaged reef, mangroves". Sun Star Cebu. Retrieved 23 April 2015.