|Highly Urbanized City|
|City of Tacloban
Siyudad han Tacloban
Map of Leyte with Tacloban highlighted
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|District||1st District of Leyte|
|Capital of the Province||26 February 1830|
|Chartered city||12 June 1953|
|Highly urbanized city||18 December 2008|
|Barangays||138 (see § Barangays)|
|• Type||Strong mayor-council|
|• Mayor||Alfred S. Romualdez|
|• Vice Mayor||Jerry T. Yaokasin|
|• Total||201.72 km2 (77.88 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||21 m (69 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||2 m (7 ft)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD/Area code||+63 (0)53|
Tacloban (English: // tək-LOH-bahn; Waray-Waray and Filipino: [tɐkˈloban]), officially the City of Tacloban (Waray-Waray: Syudad han Tacloban; Filipino: Lungsod ng Tacloban) and often referred to as Tacloban City, is the capital and seat of government of the Eastern Visayas (Region VIII), Philippines. It is approximately 360 miles (580 km) southeast of Manila. It was the first city in Region VIII to become a "Highly Urbanized City" and is the largest city in terms of population in Eastern Visayas. It is also the regional center of the Eastern Visayas, being the main gateway by air to the region. Tacloban was briefly the capital of the Philippines, from 20 October 1944 to 27 February 1945.
In an extensive survey conducted by the Asian Institute of Management Policy Center and released in July 2010, Tacloban City was ranked among the top ten most competitive cities in the Philippines. Tacloban ranked fifth overall, and second in the emerging cities category.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Healthcare facilities
- 7 Education
- 8 Government
- 9 Points of interest
- 10 Culture
- 11 Media
- 12 Sister cities
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Tacloban was first known as Kankabatok, an allusion to the first inhabitants – Kabatok. They established their dwellings in the vicinity of the present day Santo Niño Church. Others who came later were Gumoda, Haraging and Huraw who erected their own settlements in nearby sites. Huraw’s domain is the hill where the city hall now sits. The combined settlements acquired the name Kankabatok, meaning Kabatok’s property.
By the end of the 16th century, Kankabatok was under the political administration of Palo and part of the parish of Basey, Samar. It was discovered in 1770, by the Augustinian Mission, who were superseded by the Franciscans in 1813. During this period, Kankabatok was renamed to Tacloban.
The change of the name came about in this manner: Kankabatok was a favorite haunt of fishermen. They would use a bamboo contraption called "Taklub" to catch crabs, shrimps or fish. When asked where they were going, the fishermen would answer, "(to) Tarakluban", which meant the place where they used the device to catch these marine resources. Eventually, the name Tarakluban or Tacloban took prominence.
It is not known when Tacloban became a municipality because records supporting this fact were destroyed during a typhoon. It is commonly believed that Tacloban was officially proclaimed a municipality in 1770. In 1768, Leyte and Samar were separated into two provinces, each constituting a politico-military province. Due to its strategic location, Tacloban became a vital trading point between the two provinces.
The capital of Leyte was transferred from one town to another with Tacloban as the last on 26 February 1830. The decision to make Tacloban the capital was based on the following reasons: 1) ideal location of the port and 2) well-sheltered and adequate facilities. On 20 June 1952, Tacloban was proclaimed a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act No. 760.
The arrival of Colonel Murray in 1901 made him the first military governor of Leyte. His first official act was the opening of Tacloban port to world commerce. Before World War II, Tacloban was the commercial, education, social and cultural center of the Province of Leyte. Copra and abaca were exported in large quantities. The leading institutions were: Leyte Normal School, Leyte High School, Leyte Trade School, Holy Infant Academy and Tacloban Catholic Institute.
In November 1912, a typhoon swept through the central Philippines and "practically destroyed" Tacloban. In Tacloban and Capiz on the island of Panay, the death toll was 15,000, half the population of those cities at the time.
On 25 May 1942, Japanese forces landed in Tacloban – signalling the beginning of their two-year occupation of Leyte. They fortified the city and improved its airfield. Since San Pedro Bay was ideal for larger vessels, the Japanese Imperial Naval Forces made Tacloban a port of call and entry. This time was considered the darkest in the history of Tacloban and the country due to the incidences of torture among civilians, including the elderly. In response, guerrilla groups operated in Leyte – the most notable of which was the group of Ruperto Kangleon.
Leyte was the first to be liberated by the combined Filipino and American troops. General Douglas MacArthur's assault troops landed in the Tacloban and Palo beaches (White Beach and Red Beach, respectively) and in the neighboring town of Dulag (Blue Beach) on 20 October 1944. These landings signaled the eventual victory of the Filipino and American forces and the fulfillment of MacArthur’s famous promise: "I Shall Return."
Three days later, on 23 October, at a ceremony at the Capitol Building in Tacloban, MacArthur accompanied by President Sergio Osmeña made Tacloban the temporary seat of the Commonwealth Government and temporary capital of the Philippines until the complete liberation of the country. The provincial government of Leyte and the municipal government of Tacloban were re-established.
Paulo Jaro was the Liberation Mayor of Tacloban. The first mayor of this capital upon inauguration of the Philippine Republic was Epifanio Aguirre. On 8 January 1960 MacArthur made his "sentimental" journey to Leyte.
2013 Typhoon Haiyan
On 8 November 2013 (PST), Tacloban was hit by the full force of Typhoon Haiyan (PAGASA name: Yolanda), causing massive destruction across the city. Dead bodies were scattered on the streets, trees were uprooted, and a 13 ft (4 m) storm surge largely destroyed Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport, though it functioned soon after as a makeshift command and evacuation center. After taking a helicopter flight over the city, US Marine Brigadier General Paul Kennedy was quoted as saying, "I don't believe there is a single structure that is not destroyed or severely damaged in some way – every single building, every single house." Widespread looting is reported to have taken place and local government virtually collapsed, as many city officials were victims. President Noynoy Aquino declared a state of emergency in Tacloban. As of 14 January 2014[update], the official death toll stood at 6,201 persons.
2015 Papal Visit
Tacloban has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen: Af), also known as an equatorial climate, usually (but not always) found along the equator. Tropical rainforest climate is a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry season – all months have mean precipitation values of at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in). Tropical rainforest climates have no pronounced summer or winter; it is typically hot and wet throughout the year and rainfall is both heavy and frequent. One day in an equatorial climate can be very similar to the next, while the change in temperature between day and night may be larger than the average change in temperature between "summer" and "winter".
The average high (daytime) temperature for the year in Tacloban is 29.4 °C (84.9 °F). The warmest month on average is May with an average daytime temperature of 31 °C (87.8 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average (nighttime) temperature of 23 °C (73.4 °F).
The highest recorded temperature was 41.1 °C (106.0 °F), recorded in December. The lowest recorded temperature in Tacloban is 12.8 °C (55.0 °F) which was also recorded in December.
The average rainfall for the year is 2294 mm (90.4 in), with the most rainfall on average in December with 305 millimetres (12.0 in) and the least on average in April with 119 millimetres (4.7 in).
|Climate data for Tacloban City|
|Record high °C (°F)||37
|Average high °C (°F)||27
|Average low °C (°F)||23
|Record low °C (°F)||16
|Precipitation mm (inches)||280
|Rainfall mm (inches)||281.7
|Avg. rainy days||20||17||15||14||14||16||16||14||16||19||20||21||202|
|Average humidity (%)||85||84||82||81||82||82||82||81||82||84||86||86||83.1|
|Population census of Tacloban|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
According to the 2010 census, Tacloban has a population of 221,174 inhabitants. Tacloban is predominantly a Waray-speaking city. The language is also officially called Lineyte-Samarnon ("Leyte-Samarnon") and spoken by more than 90% of the total city population. Waray-Waray aside from being the native language of the city, it is also the lingua franca used in the city among Filipinos of various ethnic groups.
Tacloban is culturally and linguistically diverse. A decade before the end of Spanish sovereignty, it was largely a typical colonial community: most of its residents were either pure Iberian families or the new generations of Spanish-Filipino blood. Today’s population consists of a mix of Spanish and Chinese mestizos, foreign expatriates and native Leyteños.
Other Filipino ethnic groups who migrated in the city are Cebuano/Kana/Visayan speaking populace accounts 6.08% of the total population, 0.80% are Tagalog, 0.10% are Ilocano, 0.07% are Kapampangan while 2.95% come from other ethnic origins.
Tacloban City is 94.52% Roman Catholic, 0.12% Muslim, 0.83% Iglesia ni Kristo, 0.94% Evangelical, 0.49% Seventh Day Adventist and 3.10% other.
Tacloban is the economic center of Eastern Visayas region, with an economy largely focused on commerce, tourism, education, culture, and government in the region. Several regional broadcasters are based in the city, including ABS-CBN.
Economically, Tacloban is one of the fastest growing cities in the Philippines. It has one of the lowest poverty incidence rates in the country (at roughly 9%, while the national poverty incidence stands at 30%), and is the richest local government unit in Eastern Visayas.
The airport also makes the city a key regional transportation hub.
In the mid-90s, Tacloban City worked out the acquisition of 237 hectares (590 acres) for its Economic Zone, which was finally realized and approved by the Philippine Economic Zone Authority, by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 1210 on 23 April 1998. The Eastern Visayas Agri-Industrial Growth Center (EVRGC) was then officially registered as an Eco-Zone with the City Government of Tacloban as the developer/operator.
Tacloban is served by Daniel Z Romualdez Airport, multicabs, taxis, jeepneys, buses, tricycles and pedicabs. Daniel Z Romualdez Airport has had plans (for many years) to upgrade to an international airport.
As the regional center of Eastern Visayas, Tacloban offers a range of healthcare services. There are a number of hospitals and other medical institutions serving the city's population.
- Public hospitals
- Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center (EVRMC)
- Tacloban City Hospital
- Private hospitals
- Bethany Hospital (owned by the United Church of Christ in the Philippines)
- Divine Word Hospital (owned by the Benedictine Sisters)
- Our Mother of Mercy Hospital (owned by the Religious Sisters of Mercy)
- Remedios Trinidad Romualdez Hospital (owned by the RTR Medical Foundation)
- Tacloban Doctors Medical Center (owned by a group of prominent doctors)
Tacloban has a variety of educational institutions both public and private. Foremost of these are:
- Tacloban Angelicum Learning Ceneter
- Eastern Visayas State University
- St. Scholastica's College Tacloban
- St. Therese Christian Development Foundation Inc.
- Leyte National High School
- Leyte Normal University
- Leyte Progressive High School
- Liceo del Verbo Divino formerly known as the Divine Word University of Tacloban
- Sacred Heart College, Tacloban City
- provincial branch of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority
- University of the Philippines in the Visayas - Tacloban College
- University of the Philippines Manila School of Health Sciences (temporary location inside UP Tacloban after Super Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) destroyed its campus in Palo, Leyte)
- Asian Development Foundation College
- Holy Infant College, Utap, Tacloban City
- Leyte Colleges, Tacloban City
- St. Paul School of Business and Law former St. Paul's Business School of Tacloban
- Sto.Niño SPED Center
The executive power of the City Government is vested in the mayor. The Sangguniang Panlungsod or the city council has the legislative power to create city ordinances. It is a unicameral body composed of ten elected councilors and certain numbers of ex officio and sectoral representatives. It is presided by the vice-mayor,The City Mayor and the elected city councilors are elected-at-large every three years.
The city government ceased to be under the supervision of the provincial government after it became a Highly Urbanized City in 2008. The city is now under the direct supervision of the national government.
Official seal of the city of Tacloban
The official Seal of Tacloban is the symbol of the city's identity where its meaning is inscribed when it became a city under Republic Act No. 760 on 20 June 1952.
The city's emblem stands for the following physical attributes and character:
- Left Portion - Symbolizes the province of Samar, major supplier of agricultural and marine products to the city, stabilizing its volume of business and trade.
- Center - Stands for the beautiful and scenic San Juanico Strait
- The Galleon - Illustrates the ship of Ferdinand Magellan who discovered the island of Limasawa where the first Christian mass was held in Philippine soil.
- Right Portion - Leyte side, where Tacloban City is Located
The City of Tacloban is divided into 138 barangays, each having its own government.
Only some of the barangays are neighborhoods with individual names. These include the following:
- Libertad (Barangays 1 & 4)
- T. Claudio St. ( Barangay 5 )
- Nula-tula (Barangays 3 & 3A)
- El Reposo (Barangays 55 & 56)
- Magallanes (Barangay(52,54)
- Sagkahan Picas (Barangay 59 & 62B)
- Sagkahan Bliss (Barangay 62)
- Sagkahan Saging (Barangay 62A)
- Sagkahan Mangga (Barangay 63)
- Sagkahan Pleasantville (Barangay 63)
- Sagkahan Mahayahay (Barangay 63)
- Anibong (Barangays 66, 67, and 68)
- Naga-naga (Barangay 71)
- PHHC (Barangays 72 Seaside & 73 Mountainside)
- Lower Nulatula (Barangay 74)
- Fatima Village (Barangays 75, 76, 77)
- Marasbaras (Barangays 78, 79, 80, 81, 82)
- San Jose (Barangays 83, 83A, 83C, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90)
- Baybay (Barangay 89A)
- Abucay (Barangay 91)
- Apitong (Barangay 92)
- Bagacay (Barangay 93)
- Tigbao (Barangay 94)
- Basper (Barangay 94A)
- Caibaan (Barangays 95 & 95A)
- Calanipawan (Barangay 96)
- Cabalawan (Barangay 97)
- Camansinay (Barangay 98)
- Diit (Barangay 99)
- San Roque, Scandinavian subd. (Barangay 100)
- New Kawayan (Barangay 101)
- Old Kawayan (Barangay 102)
- Palanog (Barangay 103,37A)
- GE Palanog ( barangay 12)
- San Paglaum (Barangay 103A)
- Salvacion (Barangay 104)
- Suhi (Barangay 105)
- Santo Niño (Barangay 106)
- Sta. Elena (Barangay 107)
- Tagapuro (Barangay 108)
- V&G Subdivision (Barangay 109 & 109A)
- Utap (Barangay 110)
Points of interest
Tacloban is a tourism hub and the primary gateway to Eastern Visayas. The region is world-renowned for its natural ecological beauty and diversity and for its historical significance in the Second World War.
San Juanico Bridge
San Juanico Bridge, which is 2.16 kilometres (1.34 mi) long and connects the islands of Leyte and Samar across the San Juanico Strait, is the longest bridge in the Philippines. It was not significantly damaged due to Typhoon Haiyan and therefore was one of the critical gateways for the transportation of relief goods and the evacuation of refugees.
Santo Niño Shrine
People's Center Library
The library houses a collection of books of different cultures from around the globe – USA, Europe and other countries – including French, Spanish and English literature as well as a compilation of law books. The People’s Center Library is used by local students as well as researchers.
Balyuan Park is located at the grounds of Magsaysay Boulevard. The historical exchange of images between Barrio Buscada of Basey Samar and Sitio Kankabatok, now Tacloban City. In the old days, Sitio Kankabatok was a small barrio under the jurisdiction of Basey town in Samar. During the Feast of Sto Niño, the residents of Sitio Kankabatok would borrow the bigger image of the saint from the chapel of Barrio Buscada in Basey. Sto Niño is the revered patron saint of both Kankabatok and Barrio Buscada. The image is returned promptly after the festivities. When Kankabatok grew into a barrio of its own, the local Catholic authorities decided that the bigger Sto. Niño image be retained in prospering village. Stories of the image missing in Buscada and turning up in Kankabatok aided to this decision. The Basey Flotilla bearing the church and government leaders goes on a fluvial procession along San Pedro Bay. A kara (shell) call announces the sight of the flotilla off Kankabatok Bay.
The park was severely damaged due to Typhoon Haiyan storm surge facing the sea.
Madonna of Japan
Along Magsaysay Boulevard will encounter "Madonna Maria Kanon" (also known as: Madonna of Japan), a symbol of friendship between the Japanese and Filipinos. It is located at the Kanhuraw Hill near City Hall, facing Kankabato Bay. During the Second World War, the place became a campground for the Japanese soldiers. Many inhabitants lost their lives to help liberate the subjugated Philippine islands. Young men were forced to become soldiers in favor of the Americans. Women were also enjoined to look after and take care of the young men in the battlefield. Those years indeed brought dreadful experiences to the people of Leyte. During those years, the Japanese soldiers were considered enemies. They were the subject of revulsion among Filipino people. Anybody who saw Japanese would yell out in disdain. However, as years passed, the Japanese government and its people tried to establish comradeship with the Filipinos. Thus, Japan and the Philippines became friends and started to support each other for progress.
The Price mansion is an example of American colonial homes built in the 1900s. It was the official residence and headquarters of General Douglas MacArthur during the Liberation period in 1944.
Santo Niño Church
The Santo Niño Church is considered the most important religious site in the province. It houses the miraculous image of Sto. Niño which is the patron saint of Tacloban. The church was severely damaged due to Typhoon Haiyan.
The Redoña Residence is one of the remaining house built in the turn of the 19th century. It is a showcase of Filipino craftsmanship, and architecture. This historic mansion is in need of serious restoration for the legacy of historical architecture. It was the official residence of President Sergio Osmeña, Sr. in 1944, when Leyte was the seat of the Philippine government during the Liberation from the Japanese campaign until Philippine Commonwealth was re-established in Manila.
Leyte Provincial Capitol
The Leyte Provincial Capitol is a neoclassical building built in 1907. Located at the corner of Sen. Enage Street and Magsaysay Boulevard, the "Capitolio" is the seat of the provincial government of Leyte. It was also the seat of the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines when President Sergio Osmeña came in 1944 with the WW II Liberation Forces. The Capitol was damaged due to Typhoon Haiyan.
Tacloban Metropolitan Arena
Popularly known as "Astrodome" is a 5,000 seat indoor arena which is now the perfect location for basketball tourneys and other sporting activities, concerts and other big gatherings like the Search for Ms. Tacloban. It also houses multiple bars and businesses. The arena was severely damaged due to Typhoon Haiyan and it also serves as evacuation center.
The city celebrates Tacloban Day annually on 30 June.
Subiran Regatta is a race of one-man native sailboats with outriggers locally called "subiran" along scenic and historic Leyte Gulf. The race is done without using a paddle but only skills and techniques to manoeuvre the sail. The Subiran Regatta is now on its 32nd year and counting. This contest is done annually on that weeklong celebration of the Tacloban City Fiesta. The race aims to preserve the art of sailing with the wind alone, and to showcase the mastery of this art by local boatmen.
This is a re-enactment of the historical exchange of images between Barrio Buscada of Basey Samar and Sitio Kankabatok, now Tacloban City. In the old days, Sitio Kankabatok was a small barrio under the jurisdiction of Basey town in Samar. During the Feast of Sto. Niño, the residents of Sitio Kankabatok would borrow the bigger image of the saint from the chapel of Barrio Buscada in Basey. Sto. Niño is the revered patron saint of both Kankabatok and Barrio Buscada. The image is returned promptly after the festivities. When Kankabatok grew into a barrio of its own, the local Catholic authorities decided that the bigger Sto. Niño image be retained in prospering village. Stories of the image missing in Buscada and turning up in Kankabatok aided to this decision. The Basey Flotilla bearing the church and government leaders goes on a fluvial procession along San Pedro Bay. A budyong (shell) call announces the sight of the flotilla off Kankabatok Bay.
Sangyaw is an archaic Waray word which means to herald the news. The Sangyaw Festival was created by the former First Lady Imelda Marcos in the 1980s. The Festival has been revived in 2008 by her nephew and current city Mayor Alfred Romualdez. The Sangyaw Festival invites contingents of different performing groups of various festivals in the country to compete in this side of the region. Cash prizes and trophies are at stake as the Sangyaw Festival grooms itself to be a big festival to watch out in the succeeding years. Sto. Niño de Leyte Fiesta (30 June; Tacloban City) The weeklong celebrations peaks on 30 June, the Grand fiesta of Tacloban celebrated with the traditional turn-over ceremonies of the "Teniente" made by the immediate past Hermano Mayor to the incoming Hermano Mayor. This is accompanied by the ritual of giving the medallion containing the names of all Hermanos Pasados and the Standartes. Fireworks and grand parades mark the occasion. Every house in the city prepares a feast and opens its doors to guests and well wishers.
- List of TV Stations in Tacloban City
- DYAB-TV TV-2 Tacloban - ABS-CBN Corporation
- DYTS-TV TV-4 Tacloban - TV5 Affiliate-BJDS MARKETING
- DYZG-TV TV-5 Tacloban - Radio Philippines Network operated by 9TV
- DYTT-TV TV 6 Tacloban - Rural Airwaves Media Services
- DYPC-TV TV-8 Tacloban - People's Television Network (PTV)
- DYTO-TV TV 10 Tacloban - GMA Network
- DYRP-TV TV-12 Tacloban - Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation
- DYJP-TV TV-22 Tacloban - Southern Broadcasting Network operated by ETC
- DYTC-TV TV-24 Tacloban - ABS-CBN Sports+Action
- DYOU-TV TV-26 Tacloban - GMA News TV
- DYLJ-TV TV-28 Tacloban - Rajah Broadcasting Network operated by 2nd Avenue
- DYTB-TV TV-30 Tacloban - AksyonTV
- DYVL-TV TV-36 Tacloban - Manila Broadcasting Company
- DYNV-TV TV-39 - UNTV
- DYNE-TV TV-46 Tacloban - Eagle Broadcasting Corporation operated by Net 25
- DYLQ-TV TV-40 Tacloban - ACQ-Kingdom Broadcasting Network
- DYTC-TV TV-68 Tacloban - MYX Channel Tacloban
- PRTV-12 Tacloban - Local UHF Television Station in Waray-Waray
- Leytenet Channel - Local Cable Television Station in Waray-Waray
- An Aton Channel - Live simulcast of Aksyon Radyo
- List of FM Stations
- DYTM 91.1 Love Radio - Manila Broadcasting Company
- DYTY 93.5 Brigada News FM Tacloban - Brigada Mass Media Corporation
- DYTC 94.3 My Only Radio for Life SIKAT!- ABS-CBN Corporation
- DYTX 95.1 Bombo Radyo Tacloban - Bombo Radyo Philippines
- DYTL 95.9 Yes FM Tacloban - Manila Broadcasting Company
- DYOU 97.5 Campus Radio - RGMA Network
- DYXV 98.3 Magik FM - Century Broadcasting Network, Inc.
- DYXY 99.1 iFM - Radio Mindanao Network
- DYJP 101.5 Mom's Radio - Southern Broadcasting Network, Inc.
- DYTG 103.1 - Tagbilaran Broadcasting Company
- DYCT 104.3 Radyo ng Bayan Tacloban - Philippine Broadcasting Service
- List of AM Stations
- DYVL 819 kHz - Manila Broadcasting Company
- DYDW 531 kHz - Philippine Federation of Catholic Broadcasters
- DYMP 1566 kHz - Philippine Broadcasting Service
- DZRH - Manila Broadcasting Company
- DYBR 711 kHz - Radio Mindanao Network
- DYMM 954 kHz - Universal Broadcasting Corporation
- List of News Programs
- TV Patrol Tacloban (ABS-CBN Tacloban)
- Balita Ha Singko (TV5 Leyte)
- 24 Oras Central Visayas (GMA Cebu)
- Sumat ha Dose (PRTV 12 Tacloban)
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)|
- "Republic act no. 760 - an act creating the city of tacloban". 20 June 1952. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
Section 1. This Act shall be known as the Charter of the City of Tacloban
- COMELEC Minute Resolution No. 09-0036
- "Province: Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- "Cities and Enterprises, Competitiveness and Growth: Philippine Cities Competitiveness Ranking Project 2009". Asian Institute of Management Policy Center. 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "15,000 Die in Philippine Storm". Washington Herald. 30 November 1912. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- Proclamation No. 1637 dated 4 October 2008
- "Tacloban is 1st highly urbanized city". Cebu Daily News. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
- "SitRep No. 15 Effects of Typhoon "Yolanda" (Haiyan)" (PDF). National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
- "Typhoon Haiyan: thousands dead as devastation hampers aid efforts". 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
- "Philippines declares state of calamity President declares emergency measures as aid trickles in for millions of people left destitute by the Haiyan superstorm.". aljazeera.com. 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
- "Philippine Red Cross says typhoon relief efforts being hampered by looters". foxnews.com. 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "Tons of aid arriving in Philippines, but debris, logistics hampering relief efforts". foxnews.com. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- SitRep No. 92 : Effects of Typhoon “YOLANDA” (HAIYAN), Tab A : CASUALTIES (PDF) (Report). National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council of the Philippines. 14 January 2014.
- "City Seal". Official website of the City Government of Tacloban. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Tacloban City - National Statistical Coordination Board
- Typhoon Haiyan - Live Blogs - Al Jazeera English
- "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7676 - AN ACT DECLARING JUNE THIRTY OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL NONWORKING PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN TACLOBAN CITY, PROVINCE OF LEYTE, TO BE KNOWN AS "TACLOBAN DAY"". 10 January 1994. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "List of Sister City Affiliations with Japan (by country): Philippines". Singapore: Japan Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR, Singapore). 29 Feb 2012. Retrieved 2015-03-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tacloban City.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tacloban.|
- Official Website of the Provincial Government of Leyte
- Republic Act 760 - An act creating the City of Tacloban
|Alangalang||San Juanico Strait / Santa Rita, Samar|
|Santa Fe / Palo||San Pedro Bay|