List of Presidents of Iran

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Hassan Rouhani, the current President of Iran.

This is a list of the Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran since the establishment of that office in 1980. The President of Iran is the highest popularly elected official in the country. The current President is Hassan Rouhani, since 3 August 2013.

Background[edit]

Emblem of Iran.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iran

After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and referendum to create the Islamic Republic on March 29 and 30, the new government needed to craft a new constitution. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, ordered an election for the Assembly of Experts, the body tasked with writing the constitution.[1] The assembly presented the constitution on October 24, 1979, and Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini and Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan approved it. This was also approved in December 1979 constitutional referendum.

The 1979 Constitution designated the Supreme Leader as the head of state and the President and Prime Minister as the heads of government. The post of Prime Minister was abolished in 1989.

The first Iranian presidential election was held on January 25, 1980 and resulted in the election of Abulhassan Banisadr with 76% of the votes. Banisadr was impeached on June 22, 1981 by Parliament. Until the early election on July 24, 1981, the duties of the President were undertaken by the Provisional Presidential Council. Mohammad-Ali Rajai was elected President on July 24, 1981 and took office on August 2. Rajai remained in office for less than one month, with both he and his prime minister being assassinated on August 30, 1981. Once again, a Provisional Presidential Council filled the office until October 13, 1981 when Ali Khamenei was elected president.

Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad were each elected president for two terms. Hassan Rouhani is the current president, being elected in June 2013 presidential election.

List of Presidents[edit]

      Independent       Conservative       Reformist       Moderate

# Name Picture Born-Died Took Office Left Office Political Party Prime Minister First Vice President Term
1 Abulhassan Banisadr Abulhassan Banisadr edited version.jpg 1933– 4 February 1980 22 June 1981
(impeached)
Independent Mohammad-Ali Rajai Position not established 1
Provisional Presidential Council
(Leader: Mohammad Beheshti,
then later Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili)
22 June 1981 2 August 1981
2 Mohammad-Ali Rajai Mohammad-Ali Rajai.jpg 1933–1981 2 August 1981 30 August 1981
(assassinated)
Islamic Republican Party Mohammad-Javad Bahonar 2
Provisional Presidential Council
(Leader: Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani)
30 August 1981 13 October 1981 Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
3 Ali Khamenei Ali Khamenei,.jpg 1939– 13 October 1981 16 August 1985 Islamic Republican Party

Combatant Clergy Association
Mir-Hossein Mousavi 3
16 August 1985 3 August 1989 4
4 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani HashemiRafsanjani.jpg 1934– 3 August 1989 3 August 1993 Combatant Clergy Association

Executives of Construction Party
Position abolished Hassan Habibi 5
3 August 1993 2 August 1997 6
5 Mohammad Khatami Mohammad Khatami.jpg 1943– 2 August 1997 8 August 2001[2] Association of Combatant Clerics 7
8 August 2001[2] 3 August 2005 Mohammad-Reza Aref 8
6 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Brazil 2009).jpg 1956– 3 August 2005 5 August 2009 Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran Parviz Davoodi 9
5 August 2009 3 August 2013 Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei 10
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
7 Hassan Rouhani Hassan Rouhani 2.jpg 1948– 3 August 2013 Incumbent
(Term expires 3 August 2017)
Moderation and Development Party Eshaq Jahangiri 11

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Assembly of Experts". Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  2. ^ a b (French) La documentation française: "[...] le nouveau Parlement retarde l'investiture du président Khatami qui prête serment le 8 août pour un second mandat de quatre ans."