Elections in Iran
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iran elects on national level a head of state and head of government (the president), a legislature (the Majlis), and an "Assembly of Experts" (which elects the Supreme Leader). Also City and Village Council elections are held every four years throughout the country. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. The Parliament or Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis-e Shura-ye Eslami) has 290 members, elected for a four-year term in multi- and single-seat constituencies. Elections for the Assembly of Experts are held every six years. Mayors will be elected by popular vote for the first time in 2013. All candidates have to be approved by the Guardian Council. See Politics of Iran for more details.
2013 presidential election
The 2013 Iranian presidential election was held on 14 June 2013. Hassan Rouhani was elected to succeed outgoing President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
|Hassan Rouhani||Moderation and Development Party||18,613,329||50.88|
|Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf||Society of Engineers||6,077,292||16.46|
|Saeed Jalili||Revolutionary Stability||4,168,946||11.31|
|Mohsen Rezaee||Development and Justice Party||3,884,412||10.55|
|Ali Akbar Velayati||Islamic Coalition||2,268,753||6.16|
|Blank or invalid votes||1,245,409||3.42|
|Total votes cast||36,704,156||100|
|Sources: Ministry of Interior of Iran|
2009 presidential election
The 2009 Iranian presidential election was held on 12 June 2009 in Iran, the tenth presidential election to be held in the country. The President of Iran is the highest official elected by direct, popular vote, but does not control foreign policy or the armed forces. Candidates have to be vetted by the Guardian Council, a twelve member body consisting of six clerics (selected by Iran's Supreme Leader), and six lawyers (proposed by the head of Iran's judicial system and voted in by the Parliament).
With two-thirds of the votes counted, the Islamic Republic News Agency, Iran's official news agency, announced that the incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad had won the election with 66% of the votes cast, while Mir-Hossein Mousavi received 33% of the votes cast. The opposition candidates disputed the results amid widespread speculations of vote rigging and sought a new election with due process; this was followed by popular street protests and its subsequent crackdown by the government. The European Union said it was "concerned about alleged irregularities" during the vote, and some analysts and journalists from United States and United Kingdom based media expressed doubts about the authenticity of the results.
An alleged official letter by the Ministry of Interior, addressed to the Supreme Spiritual Leader Ali Khamenei, presented completely different results. According to this letter, reformist candidate Mir-Hossein Mousavi would have won the first round with about 19 million votes, followed by the other reformist candidate Mehdi Karrubi with about 13 million votes. Incumbent president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad would have obtained only 5.6 million votes.
|Alliance of Builders||Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (inc.)||24,527,516||62.63%|
|Green Movement||Mir-Hossein Mousavi||13,216,411||33.75%|
|Moderation and Development||Mohsen Rezaee||678,240||1.73%|
|National Trust||Mehdi Karroubi||333,635||0.85%|
|Blank or invalid votes||409,389||1.05%|
|Sources: Ministry of Interior of Iran|
2012 parliamentary election
This election was seen as essentially a contest between conservative hardline factions as many of the reformist leaders were under house arrest in particular the two main opposition leaders. Mirhossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karoubi, who ran for president in 2009. The reformist parties boycotted the elections although independents and women candidates did run.
State officials said the turnout was over 64 percent which is higher than the 57 percent in the 2008 parliamentary vote.
The result saw the conservatives now with 63.5% of seats in the Majlis (parliament). The Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was seen as tightened his grip on Iran's faction-ridden political climate at the expense of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||Seats||%||+/–|
|Conservatives||United Front of Conservatives||19,087,397||59.7%||98||34.8%||–3|
|Front of Islamic Revolution Stability||43||14.8%||–7|
|Monotheism and Justice Party||17||5.8%||–27|
|Insight and Islamic Awakening Front||5||1.7%||+4|
|Reformists||Democratic Coalition of Reformists||11,451,367||35.5%||60||20.6%||+19|
|Assyrian and Chaldean (Catholic)||4||1.3%||+3|
|Total Religious Minorities||14||4.8%||+9|
|Total parliamentary seats||290||100.0%||±0|
|Valid votes||31,972,190 (98.4%)|
|Invalid votes||497,747 (1.6%)|
|Sources: Ministry of Interior|
2006 Assembly of Experts election
- O'Toole, Pam (12 March 2008). "Iran's first-time voters split". BBC News. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- 2013 Iranian general elections
- Iran's local elections will be held with presidential
- "Iran To Hold Presidential Election In June 2009" (Reuters). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 7 September 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2008.
- "Ahmadinejad Wins Landslide". Iran Daily. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.[dead link]
- Bazzi, Mohamad (12 June 2009). "Iran Elections: Latest News". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- "Ahmadinejad 'set for Iran victory'". Al Jazeera English. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009. ""Doctor Ahmadinejad, by getting a majority of the votes, has become the definite winner of the 10th presidential election," the news agency said."
- Worth, Robert F.; Fathi, Nazila (13 June 2009). "Both Sides Claim Victory in Presidential Election in Iran". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 June 2009. "The election commission said early Saturday morning that, with 77 percent of the votes counted, Mr. Ahmadinejad had won 65 percent and Mr. Moussavi had 32 percent, Reuters reported."
- "Ahmadinejad wins Iran presidential election". BBC News. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- Fathi, Nazila; Slackman, Michael (18 June 2009). "As Confrontation Deepens, Iran's Path Is Unclear". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- Slackman, Michael (22 June 2009). "Amid Crackdown, Iran Admits Voting Errors". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- Slackman, Michael; Fathi, Nazila (23 June 2009). "Crackdowns on Protesters Drape Tehran in Silence". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- EU concerned over Iran vote, Associated Press (reprinted in Jerusalem Post 14 June 2009
- "Official: Obama Administration Skeptical of Iran's Election Results". Fox News. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.[dead link]
- "Ahmadinejad defiant on 'free' Iran poll". BBC News. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- Freeman, Colin (12 June 2009). "Iran elections: revolt as crowds protest at Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's 'rigged' victory". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 June 2009.
- Lyon, Alistair (9 February 2009). "INSTANT VIEW: Iran's election result staggers analysts". Reuters. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- Fisk, Robert (18 June 2009). "Secret letter 'proves Mousavi won poll'". London: The Independent. Retrieved 16 July 2009.
- A scanned copy of the alleged official letter.
- "نتایج نهایی دهمین دورهٔ انتخابات ریاست جمهوری" (in Persian). Ministry of Interior of Iran. 2009-06-13. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
- "Khamenei allies trounce Ahmadinejad in Iran elections - The Times of India". The Times Of India.[dead link]
- Princeton University Iran Data Portal
- 2009 Iranian elections page on BBC Persian
- BBC Persian on Iran presidential elections
- Video Archive of Iranian Elections
- Adam Carr's Election Archive
- The Network of iranian law in persian, english & french
- Constitutional law in french
- Iranian law in english
- Iranian law in french
- Iran Electoral Archive