Elections in Iran

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politics and government of

Iran elects on national level a head of state and head of government (the president), a legislature (the Majlis), and an "Assembly of Experts" (which elects the Supreme Leader). Also City and Village Council elections are held every four years throughout the country. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. The Parliament or Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis-e Shura-ye Eslami) has 290 members, elected for a four-year term in multi- and single-seat constituencies. Elections for the Assembly of Experts are held every six years. Mayors will be elected by popular vote for the first time in 2013. All candidates have to be approved by the Guardian Council. See Politics of Iran for more details.

Until January 2007, when it was raised to 18, the voting age was 15 years, the lowest globally at the time.[1]

The last presidential election and the last local elections were held on 14 June 2013, simultaneously for the first time.[2][3]

Latest elections[edit]

2013 presidential election[edit]

The 2013 Iranian presidential election was held on 14 June 2013. Hassan Rouhani was elected to succeed outgoing President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Candidate Party Votes %
Hassan Rouhani Moderation and Development Party 18,613,329 50.88
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf Society of Engineers 6,077,292 16.46
Saeed Jalili Revolutionary Stability 4,168,946 11.31
Mohsen Rezaee Development and Justice Party 3,884,412 10.55
Ali Akbar Velayati Islamic Coalition 2,268,753 6.16
Mohammad Gharazi Independent 446,015 1.22
Valid votes 35,458,747 96.58
Blank or invalid votes 1,245,409 3.42
Total votes cast 36,704,156 100
Registered voters/turnout 50,483,192 72.70
Sources: Ministry of Interior of Iran

2013 local elections[edit]

2012 parliamentary election[edit]

Women voting for first time in 1963

This election was seen as essentially a contest between conservative hardline factions as many of the reformist leaders were under house arrest in particular the two main opposition leaders. Mirhossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karoubi, who ran for president in 2009. The reformist parties boycotted the elections although independents and women candidates did run.

State officials said the turnout was over 64 percent which is higher than the 57 percent in the 2008 parliamentary vote.

The result saw the conservatives now with 63.5% of seats in the Majlis (parliament). The Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was seen as tightened his grip on Iran's faction-ridden political climate at the expense of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.[4]

e • d Summary of the 2 March and 4 May 2012 Islamic Consultative Assembly election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats % +/–
Conservatives United Front of Conservatives 19,087,397 59.7% 98 34.8% –3
Front of Islamic Revolution Stability 43 14.8% –7
People's Voice 19 6.5% +19
Monotheism and Justice Party 17 5.8% –27
Insight and Islamic Awakening Front 5 1.7% +4
Total Conservatives 182 62.8% –13
Reformists Democratic Coalition of Reformists 11,451,367 35.5% 60 20.6% +19
Labour Coalition 11 3.7% +1
Moderate Reformists 4 1.3% +4
Total Reformists 75 25.9% +24
Religious Minorities Armenians 634,122 2.1% 5 1.7% +3
Assyrian and Chaldean (Catholic) 4 1.3% +3
Jewish 3 1.1% +2
Zoroastrian 2 0.6% +1
Total Religious Minorities 14 4.8% +9
Independents 799,304 2.5% 19 6.5% –20
Total parliamentary seats 290 100.0% ±0
Overall Statistics
Registered voters 32,469,937
Valid votes 31,972,190 (98.4%)
Invalid votes 497,747 (1.6%)
Domestic turnout 66.4%
Sources: Ministry of Interior[not in citation given]

2006 Assembly of Experts election[edit]

Past elections[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]