List of Prime Ministers of Turkey

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkey

This is a chronological list of Prime Ministers of Turkey, since the establishment of that position in 1920, during the Turkish War of Independence. The Prime Minister is also the head of the Executive Branch of the government along with the Council of Ministers.

The Prime Minister must be approved by a majority of votes (vote of confidence) in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey along with other members of the Cabinet.

List of Prime Ministers of Turkey (1920–present)[edit]

Prime Ministers of the Government of the Grand National Assembly (1920–1923)[edit]

No. Name
(Born–Died)
Picture Term Took Office Left Office Background
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.gif 3 May 1920 24 January 1921 Republican People's Party
2 Fevzi Çakmak
(1876–1950)
Fevzi cakmak.png 1st 24 January 1921 19 May 1921 Republican People's Party
2nd 19 May 1921 9 July 1922
3 Rauf Orbay
(1881–1964)
Hüseyn Rauf Orbay.png 12 July 1922 4 August 1923 Republican People's Party
4 Ali Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
Ali Fethi Okyar.jpg 14 August 1923 27 October 1923 Republican People's Party

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey (1923–present)[edit]

No. Name
(Born–Died)
Picture Took Office Left Office Background Cabinet General Elections
1 İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 1 November 1923 6 March 1924 Republican People's Party 1. Cabinet İnönü I 1923
6 March 1924 21 November 1924 2. Cabinet İnönü II 1923§
2 Ali Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
Ali Fethi Okyar.jpg 21 November 1924 6 March 1925 Republican People's Party 3. Cabinet Okyar 1923§
(1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 6 March 1925 27 September 1937 Republican People's Party 4. Cabinet İnönü III 1923§
6 March 1925 1 November 1927 5. Cabinet İnönü IV 1927§
1 November 1927 4 May 1931 6. Cabinet İnönü V 1927§
4 May 1931 1 March 1935 7. Cabinet İnönü VI 1931
1 March 1935 27 October 1937 8. Cabinet İnönü VII 1935
3 Celal Bayar
(1883–1986)
Celal bayar.jpg 27 September 1937 11 November 1938 Republican People's Party 9. Cabinet Bayar I 1935§
11 November 1938 25 January 1939 10. Cabinet Bayar II 1935§
4 Refik Saydam
(1881–1942)
Refik Saydam.jpg 25 January 1939 3 April 1939 Republican People's Party 11. Cabinet Saydam I 1939
3 April 1939 8 July 1942[1] 12. Cabinet Saydam II 1939§
Ahmet Fikri Tüzer (acting)
(1878–1942)
Ahmet Fikri Tüzer.jpg 8 July 1942 9 July 1942 Republican People's Party - 1939§
5 Şükrü Saracoğlu
(1887–1953)
Mehmet Şükrü Saracoğlu.jpg 9 July 1942 9 March 1943 Republican People's Party 13. Cabinet Saracoğlu I 1939§
9 March 1943 7 August 1946 14. Cabinet Saracoğlu II 1943
6 Recep Peker
(1889–1950)
Mehmet Recep Bey Peker.jpg 7 August 1946 9 September 1947 Republican People's Party 15. Cabinet Peker 1946
7 Hasan Saka
(1885–1960)
Hasan Hüsnü Saka.jpg 10 September 1947 10 June 1948 Republican People's Party 16. Cabinet Saka I 1946§
10 June 1948 16 January 1949 17. Cabinet Saka II 1946§
8 Şemsettin Günaltay
(1883–1961)
Mehmet Şemsettin Bey Günaltay.jpg 16 January 1949 22 May 1950 Republican People's Party 18. Cabinet Günaltay 1946§
9 Adnan Menderes
(1899–1961)
Adnan Menderes VI. Yasama Dönemi.jpg 22 May 1950 27 May 1950 Democratic Party 19. Cabinet Menderes I 1950
22 May 1950 17 May 1954 20. Cabinet Menderes II 1950§
17 May 1954 9 December 1955 21. Cabinet Menderes III 1954
9 December 1955 25 November 1957 22. Cabinet Menderes IV 1954§
25 November 1957 27 May 1960[2] 23. Cabinet Menderes V 1957
10 Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
TRTOpen.jpg 28 May 1960 5 January 1961 Military 24. Cabinet Gürsel I 1957§
5 January 1961 7 October 1961 25. Cabinet Gürsel II 1957§
Fahrettin Özdilek (acting)
(1898–1989)
No image.png 30 October 1961 20 November 1961 Military - 1961
(1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 20 November 1961 25 June 1962 Republican People's Party 26. Cabinet İnönü VIII 1961§
25 June 1962 25 December 1963 27. Cabinet İnönü IX 1961§
25 December 1963 20 February 1965 28. Cabinet İnönü X 1961§
11 Suat Hayri Ürgüplü
(1903–1981)
Suat Ürgüplü.jpg 20 February 1965 27 October 1965 Non-party 29. Cabinet Ürgüplü 1965
12 Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 27 October 1965 3 November 1969 Justice Party 30. Cabinet Demirel I 1965§
3 November 1969 6 March 1970 31. Cabinet Demirel II 1969
6 March 1970 26 March 1971[3] 32. Cabinet Demirel III 1969§
13 Nihat Erim
(1912–1980)
No image.png 26 March 1971 11 December 1971 Non-party 33. Cabinet Erim I 1969§
11 December 1971 17 April 1972 34. Cabinet Erim II 1969§
14 Ferit Melen
(1906–1988)
No image.png 17 April 1972 15 April 1973 Republican Reliance Party 35. Cabinet Melen 1969§
15 Naim Talu
(1919–1998)
No image.png 15 April 1973 25 January 1974 Non-party 36. Cabinet Talu 1973
16 Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
Bülent Ecevit-Davos 2000.jpg 25 January 1974 17 November 1974 Republican People's Party 37. Cabinet Ecevit I 1973§
17 Sadi Irmak
(1906–1990)
No image.png 17 November 1974 31 March 1975 Non-party 38. Cabinet Irmak 1973§
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 31 March 1975 21 June 1977 Justice Party 39. Cabinet Demirel IV 1973§
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
Bülent Ecevit-Davos 2000.jpg 21 June 1977 21 July 1977 Republican People's Party 40. Cabinet Ecevit II 1977
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 21 July 1977 5 January 1978 Justice Party 41. Cabinet Demirel V 1977§
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
Bülent Ecevit-Davos 2000.jpg 5 January 1978 12 November 1979 Republican People's Party 42. Cabinet Ecevit III 1977§
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 12 November 1979 12 September 1980[4] Justice Party 43. Cabinet Demirel VI 1977§
18 Bülend Ulusu
(1923– )
BulendUlusu.jpg 20 September 1980 13 December 1983 Military 44. Cabinet Ulusu 1977§
19 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
Turgut Özal cropped.jpg 13 December 1983 21 December 1987 Motherland Party 45. Cabinet Özal I 1983
21 December 1987 31 October 1989 46. Cabinet Özal II 1987
Ali Bozer (acting)
(1925– )
No image.png 31 October 1989 9 November 1989 Motherland Party - 1987§
20 Yıldırım Akbulut
(1935– )
No image.png 9 November 1989 23 June 1991 Motherland Party 47. Cabinet Akbulut 1987§
21 Mesut Yılmaz
(1947– )
No image.png 23 June 1991 20 November 1991 Motherland Party 48. Cabinet Yılmaz I 1991
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 20 November 1991 16 May 1993 True Path Party 49. Cabinet Demirel VII 1991§
Erdal İnönü (acting)
(1926–2007)
No image.png 16 May 1993 25 June 1993 Social Democratic Populist Party - 1991§
22 Tansu Çiller
(1946– )
No image.png 25 June 1993 5 October 1995 True Path Party 50. Cabinet Çiller I 1991§
5 October 1995 30 October 1995 51. Cabinet Çiller II 1991§
30 October 1995 6 March 1996 52. Cabinet Çiller III 1995
(21) Mesut Yılmaz
(1947– )
No image.png 6 March 1996 28 June 1996 Motherland Party 53. Cabinet Yılmaz II 1995§
23 Necmettin Erbakan
(1926–2011)
Necmettin-Erbakan.jpg 28 June 1996 30 June 1997 Welfare Party 54. Cabinet Erbakan 1995§
(21) Mesut Yılmaz
(1947– )
No image.png 30 June 1997 11 January 1999 Motherland Party 55. Cabinet Yılmaz III 1995§
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
Bülent Ecevit-Davos 2000.jpg 11 January 1999 28 May 1999 Democratic Left Party 56. Cabinet Ecevit IV 1999
28 May 1999 18 November 2002 57. Cabinet Ecevit V 1999§
24 Abdullah Gül
(1950– )
President Abdullah Gül.jpg 18 November 2002 14 March 2003 Justice and Development Party 58. Gül 2002
25 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(1954– )
Recep Tayyip Erdogan.PNG 14 March 2003 29 August 2007 Justice and Development Party 59. Erdoğan I 2002§
29 August 2007 6 July 2011 60. Erdoğan II 2007
6 July 2011 Incumbent 61. Erdoğan III 2011

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Died in office
  2. ^ Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état
  3. ^ Resigned after the 1971 Turkish coup d'état
  4. ^ Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état

See also[edit]