List of United States Supreme Court cases prior to the Marshall Court

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This is a chronological list of cases decided by the United States Supreme Court during the tenures of Chief Justices John Jay (October 19, 1789 - June 29, 1795), John Rutledge (February 15, 1790 - March 5, 1791), and Oliver Ellsworth (March 8, 1796 - December 15, 1800).


Case name Citation Summary
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Jay, October 19, 1789
Van Staphorst v. Maryland (1791) first docketed case of the Supreme Court, settled before arguments
West v. Barnes 2 U.S. 401 (1791) first decision of the Supreme Court, strictly interpreting procedural filing requirements mandated by statute
Georgia v. Brailsford 2 U.S. 402 (1792) A State may sue in the Supreme Court to enjoin payment of a judgment on foreign debt until it can be ascertained to whom the money belongs
Hayburn's Case 2 U.S. 409 (1792) justiciability and separation of powers
Georgia v. Brailsford 2 U.S. 415 (1793) suits in which states may be a party; continuation of Georgia v. Brailsford (1792)
Chisholm v. Georgia 2 U.S. 419 (1793) first “major” case; federal jurisdiction over suits vs. states; state sovereign immunity; led to Eleventh Amendment
Georgia v. Brailsford 3 U.S. 1 (1794) Jury nullification
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Rutledge, August 12, 1795
United States v. Peters 3 U.S. 121 (1795) Federal district court has no authority over a foreign privateer when the captured ship was not within its jurisdiction.
Talbot v. Janson 3 U.S. 133 (1795) admiralty and citizenship
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth, March 8, 1796
Hylton v. United States 3 U.S. 171 (1796) tax on carriages
Hollingsworth v. Virginia 3 U.S. 378 (1798) ratification of Eleventh Amendment, presidential approval is unnecessary for Constitutional amendment
Calder v. Bull 3 U.S. 386 (1798) ex post facto clause applies to criminal, not civil cases
New York v. Connecticut 4 U.S. 1 (1799) first original jurisdiction suit between two States

See also[edit]