List of countries by largest historical GDP

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This list of countries by largest historical GDP shows how the membership and rankings of the world's ten largest economies has changed. While the United States has consistently had the world's largest economy since the late nineteenth century, and by a margin that has generally widened over time, in the last fifty years the world has seen the rapid rise and fall in relative terms of the economies of other countries.

Overview of the ten largest economies[edit]

By average values of GDP (PPP)[edit]

The ten largest economies by average values of GDP (PPP) by every half decade from the available data in IMF and World Bank lists (in USD billions)[1][2][3]
Year 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
2015 (IMF Forecast)  China
19,230.293
 United States
18,286.685
 India
7,882.588
 Japan
4,916.755
 Germany
3,741.779
 Russia
3,642.918
 Brazil
3,172.815
 Indonesia
2,744.414
 France
2,659.436
 United Kingdom
2,547.171
2010  United States
14,958.300
 China
10,039.901
 Japan
4,351.126
 India
4,140.693
 Germany
2,926.463
 Russia
2,222.111
 United Kingdom
2,200.896
 Brazil
2,167.433
 France
2,114.093
 Italy
1,783.453
2005  United States
13,095.425
 China
5,364.258
 Japan
3,889.582
 India
2,517.881
 Germany
2,492.152
 United Kingdom
1,967.619
 France
1,862.330
 Russia
1,696.732
 Italy
1,641.562
 Brazil
1,584.604
2000  United States
10,289.725
 Japan
3,260.583
 China
3,019.505
 Germany
2,147.506
 India
1,593.083
 France
1,534.793
 United Kingdom
1,514.639
 Italy
1,406.416
 Brazil
1,236.303
 Russia
1,122.589
1995  United States
7,664.050
 Japan
2,879.791
 China
1,837.690
 Germany
1,803.626
 France
1,236.048
 Italy
1,178.340
 United Kingdom
1,160.754
 India
1,104.832
 Brazil
1,030.560
 Russia
954.847
1990  United States
5,979.550
 Soviet Union  Japan
2,379.280
 Germany
1,452.189
 France
1,031.071
 Italy
980.058
 United Kingdom
915.138
 China
913.665
 Brazil
789.165
 India
764.360
1985  United States
4,346.750
 Soviet Union  Japan
1,598.432
 West Germany
1,051.107
 France
754.376
 Italy
719.981
 United Kingdom
648.569
 Brazil
612.328
 China
536.153
 Mexico
500.555
1980  United States
2,862.475
 Soviet Union  Japan
1,005.142
 West Germany
768.846
 France
541.678
 Italy
513.790
 Brazil
449.720
 United Kingdom
448.584
 Mexico
352.499
 India
295.930

World Bank statistics of the ten largest economies by GDP (PPP)[edit]

Angus Maddison statistics of the ten largest economies by GDP (PPP)[edit]

Main GDP countries[edit]

The United States Department of Agriculture has calculated the share of every country to global real GDP from 1969 to 2010.[4]

  • The United States represented 38.69% of the world's economy in 1960 (highest point), and was at its lowest point at 21.42% in 2011.
  • The European Union represented 34.6% of the world's GDP at 1980 (highest point), and was at its lowest in 1985 at 25.01%.
  • China represented 1.618% of the world's economy in 1987 (lowest point), rising to 11.47% in 2012 (highest point). According to Angus Maddison China represented 32.9% of the world's economy in 1820.[5]
  • Japan represented 17.8% of the world's economy in 1994 (highest point), after that its contribution to the world's economy has gradually diminished, and reached its lowest point in 2012 (8.32%). Although the very lowest since 1960 has been in the year 1960 when it produced 3.28% of the world's GDP.
  • Germany represented 8.98% of the world's economy in 1969 (highest point), falling to 4.74% in 2012 (lowest point)
  • The United Kingdom represented 6.42% of the world's economy in 1960 (highest point), falling to 3.42% in 2012 (lowest point). According to Angus Maddison the United Kingdom produced 9.1% of the world's economy in 1870[5]
  • France represented 5.8% of the world's economy in 1969. After rising to 5.94% in 1974, its contribution to the world's economy fell to 3.64% in 2012 (lowest point). According to Angus Maddison France represented 6.5% of the world's economy in 1870[5]
  • Italy represented 5.11% of the world's economy in 1969. After rising to 5.18% in 1974, its contribution to the world's economy fell to 2.81% in 2012 (lowest point).
  • Canada represented 2.63% of the world's economy in 1969. This figure has been generally stable, having peaked at 2.76% in 1981 and 2002, and being at its lowest (2.55%) in 1992. In 2012 Canada's share was 2.54%.
  • The Soviet Union represented 14.31% of the world's economy in 1969 (highest point) and at the year of its dissolution (1991) only produced 3.58% of the world's economy (lowest point). In 2012 Russia's share was 2.82% (highest point) and reached a nadir in 1998 (1.38%) before ending up at 1.9% in 2010.
  • India represented 3.1% of the world's economy in 1964 (highest point), and had its lowest world economy share at 1.00% in 1992. According to Angus Maddison India represented 32.9% of the world's economy in 0 CE[5]
  • South Korea represented 2.02% of the world's economy in 2010 (highest point), and had its lowest world economy share at 0.156% in 1965.
  • Brazil represented 3.34% of the world's economy in 2011 (highest point), and had its lowest world economy share at 1.55% in 1969.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IMF historical GDP (PPP) Data (April 2011)". Imf.org. 2011-04-11. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  2. ^ "GDP, PPP (constant 2005 international $) | Data | Table". Data.worldbank.org. 1948-06-02. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  3. ^ http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DATASTATISTICS/Resources/GDP_PPP.pdf
  4. ^ ""Real Historical Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Shares and Growth Rates of GDP Shares", USDA, November 2009". Ers.usda.gov. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  5. ^ a b c d The World Economy page 263 by Angus Maddison