List of extinct animals of New Zealand

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This is an incomplete list of extinct animals of New Zealand. This list covers only extinctions from the Holocene epoch.

Mammals[edit]

Bats, and a recently discovered extinct mouse-sized creature, are the only land mammals known to have inhabited New Zealand until the arrival of humans. Fossil marine mammals have been found. New Zealand now has two surviving species of endemic bat.

Common Name Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Greater short-tailed bat Mystacina robusta[1] 1965 New Zealand --

Birds[edit]

Extinctions since mid-19th-century European settlement[edit]

Common Name Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Auckland Islands merganser Mergus australis 9 January 1902 New Zealand (Auckland Islands) Auckland Islands Merganser
Auckland Islands shore plover Thinornis rossi 1840 New Zealand (Auckland Islands) Auckland Islands Shore Plover
Bush wren Xenicus longipes 1972 New Zealand Bush Wren
Chatham bellbird Anthornis melanocephala 1906 New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Bellbird
Chatham fernbird Bowdleria rufescens 1895 New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Fernbird
Chatham Islands penguin Eudyptes chathamensis 1872? New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Chatham Islands rail Cabalus modestus 1900 New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Islands Rail
Dieffenbach's rail Gallirallus dieffenbachii 1872 New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Dieffenbach's Rail
Hawkins's rail Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi late 1800s New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Huia Heteralocha acutirostris 28 December 1907 New Zealand Huia
Laughing owl Sceloglaux albifacies 5 July 1914 New Zealand Laughing Owl
Mysterious starling Aplonis mavornata 1774 New Zealand (Cook Islands) --
New Zealand little bittern Ixobrychus novaezelandiae 1872 New Zealand New Zealand Little Bittern
New Zealand quail Coturnix novaezelandidae 1875 New Zealand New Zealand Quail
North Island piopio Turnagra tanagra 1900 New Zealand (North Island) North Island Piopio (front)
North Island snipe Coenocorypha barrierensis 1870 New Zealand (North Island) North Island Snipe
North Island takahē Porphyrio mantelli 1894? New Zealand (North Island) --
South Island kokako Callaeas cinerea cinerea Unknown New Zealand (South Island) The Orange-wattled South Island Kokako
South Island piopio Turnagra capensis 1963 New Zealand (South Island) South Island Piopio (rear)
South Island snipe Coenocorypha iredalei 1960s New Zealand (South Island) --
Stephens Island wren Xenicus lyalli 1894 New Zealand Stephens Island Wren

Extinctions since 14th century Māori settlement[citation needed][edit]

Common Name Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Adzebill Aptornis defossor and Aptornis otidiformis 1500s New Zealand Adzebill
Bush moa Anomalopteryx didiformis 1400s New Zealand Bush Moa
Chatham Islands duck Pachyanas chathamica 1600s New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Chatham raven Corvus moriorum Unknown New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Raven
Coastal moa Euryapteryx curtus 1500s New Zealand Coastal Moa
Crested moa Pachyornis australis 1850s New Zealand (South Island) --
Eastern moa Emeus crassus 1500s New Zealand (South Island) Eastern Moa
Eyles' harrier Circus eylesi Unknown New Zealand --
Finsch's duck Chenonetta finschi 1870? New Zealand --
Giant moa Dinornis sp. 1500s New Zealand Giant Moa
Haast's eagle Harpagornis moorei 1500s New Zealand (South Island) Haast's Eagle (Upper Left)
Heavy-footed moa Pachyornis elephantopus 1500s New Zealand (South Island) Heavy-footed Moa
Hodgen's waterhen Gallinula hodgenorum 1500s New Zealand --
Long-billed wren Dendroscansor decurvirostris Unknown New Zealand (South Island) --
New Zealand geese Cnemiornis calcitrans and Cnemiornis gracilis 1500s New Zealand Cnemiornis calcitrans
New Zealand raven Corvus antipodum 1500s New Zealand --
New Zealand musk duck Biziura delautouri 1500s New Zealand --
New Zealand owlet-nightjar Aegotheles novazelandiae 1200s New Zealand --
New Zealand swan Cygnus atratus sumnerensis 1500s New Zealand (South Island and Chatham Islands) --
Scarlett's duck Malacorhynchus scarletti 1500s New Zealand --
Scarlett's shearwater Puffinus spelaeus 1200s New Zealand (South Island) --
Snipe-rail Capellirallus karamu 1200s New Zealand (North Island) --
Stout-legged wren Pachyplichas yaldwyni 1000s New Zealand --
Upland moa Megalapteryx didinus 1500s New Zealand (South Island) Upland Moa
Waitaha penguin Megadyptes waitaha 1300s [2] New Zealand --

Reptiles[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Fish[edit]

Common Name Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
New Zealand grayling Prototroctes oxyrhynchus[5] 1930s New Zealand New Zealand Grayling

Insects[edit]

Molluscs[edit]

Placostylus ambagiosus priscus

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ O'Donnell, C. (2008). "Mystacina robusta (USA Greater Short-tailed Bat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Fox, Rebecca (20 November 2008). "Ancient species of penguin found in DNA of bones". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 
  3. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Hoplodactylus delcourti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Australasian Reptile & Amphibian Specialist Group (1996). "Oligosoma gracilicorpus (Narrow-bodied Skink)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  5. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Prototroctes oxyrhynchus (New Zealand Grayling)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  6. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Mecodema punctellum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]