List of extinct animals of New Zealand

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This is an incomplete list of extinct animals of New Zealand. This list covers only extinctions from the Holocene epoch.

Mammals[edit]

Bats, and a recently discovered extinct mouse-sized creature, are the only land mammals known to have inhabited New Zealand until the arrival of humans. Fossil marine mammals have been found. New Zealand now has two surviving species of endemic bat.

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Greater Short-tailed Bat
Mystacina robusta[1]
1965
New Zealand --

Birds[edit]

Extinctions since mid-19th-century European settlement[edit]

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Auckland Islands Merganser
Mergus australis
January 9, 1902
New Zealand (Auckland Islands) Auckland Islands Merganser
Auckland Islands Shore Plover
Thinornis rossi
1840
New Zealand (Auckland Islands) Auckland Islands Shore Plover
Bush Wren
Xenicus longipes
1972
New Zealand Bush Wren
Chatham Bellbird
Anthornis melanocephala
1906
New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Bellbird
Chatham Fernbird
Bowdleria rufescens
1895
New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Fernbird
Chatham Islands Penguin
Eudyptes chathamensis
1872?
New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Chatham Islands Rail
Cabalus modestus
1900
New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Islands Rail
Dieffenbach's Rail
Gallirallus dieffenbachii
1872
New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Dieffenbach's Rail
Hawkins's Rail
Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi
late 1800s
New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Huia
Heteralocha acutirostris
December 28, 1907
New Zealand Huia
Laughing Owl
Sceloglaux albifacies
July 5, 1914
New Zealand Laughing Owl
Mysterious Starling
Aplonis mavornata
1774
New Zealand (Cook Islands) --
New Zealand Little Bittern
Ixobrychus novaezelandiae
1872
New Zealand New Zealand Little Bittern
New Zealand Quail
Coturnix novaezelandidae
1875
New Zealand New Zealand Quail
North Island Piopio
Turnagra tanagra
1900
New Zealand (North Island) North Island Piopio (front)
North Island Snipe
Coenocorypha barrierensis
1870
New Zealand (North Island) North Island Snipe
North Island Takahē
Porphyrio mantelli
1894?
New Zealand (North Island) --
South Island Kokako
Callaeas cinerea cinerea
Unknown
New Zealand (South Island) The Orange-wattled South Island Kokako
South Island Piopio
Turnagra capensis
1963
New Zealand (South Island) South Island Piopio (rear)
South Island Snipe
Coenocorypha iredalei
1960s
New Zealand (South Island) --
Stephens Island Wren
Xenicus lyalli
1894
New Zealand Stephens Island Wren

Extinctions since 14th century Māori settlement[citation needed][edit]

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Adzebill
Aptornis defossor and Aptornis otidiformis
1500s
New Zealand Adzebill
Bush Moa
Anomalopteryx didiformis
1400s
New Zealand Bush Moa
Chatham Islands Duck
Pachyanas chathamica
1600s
New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Chatham Raven
Corvus moriorum
Unknown
New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Raven
Coastal Moa
Euryapteryx curtus
1500s
New Zealand Coastal Moa
Crested Moa
Pachyornis australis
1850s
New Zealand (South Island) --
Eastern Moa
Emeus crassus
1500s
New Zealand (South Island) Eastern Moa
Eyles' Harrier
Circus eylesi
Unknown
New Zealand --
Finsch's Duck
Chenonetta finschi
1870?
New Zealand --
Giant Moa
Dinornis sp.
1500s
New Zealand Giant Moa
Haast's Eagle
Harpagornis moorei
1500s
New Zealand (South Island) Haast's Eagle (Upper Left)
Heavy-footed Moa
Pachyornis elephantopus
1500s
New Zealand (South Island) Heavy-footed Moa
Hodgen's Waterhen
Gallinula hodgenorum
1500s
New Zealand --
Long-billed Wren
Dendroscansor decurvirostris
Unknown
New Zealand (South Island) --
New Zealand Geese
Cnemiornis calcitrans and Cnemiornis gracilis
1500s
New Zealand Cnemiornis calcitrans
New Zealand Raven
Corvus antipodum
1500s
New Zealand --
New Zealand Musk Duck
Biziura delautouri
1500s
New Zealand --
New Zealand Owlet-nightjar
Aegotheles novazelandiae
1200s
New Zealand --
New Zealand Swan
Cygnus atratus sumnerensis
1500s
New Zealand (South Island and Chatham Islands) --
Scarlett's Duck
Malacorhynchus scarletti
1500s
New Zealand --
Scarlett's Shearwater
Puffinus spelaeus
1200s
New Zealand (South Island) --
Snipe-rail
Capellirallus karamu
1200s
New Zealand (North Island) --
Stout-legged Wren
Pachyplichas yaldwyni
1000s
New Zealand --
Upland Moa
Megalapteryx didinus
1500s
New Zealand (South Island) Upland Moa
Waitaha penguin
Megadyptes waitaha
1300s [2] New Zealand --

Reptiles[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Fish[edit]

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
New Zealand Grayling
Prototroctes oxyrhynchus[5]
1930s
New Zealand New Zealand Grayling

Insects[edit]

Molluscs[edit]

Placostylus ambagiosus priscus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Donnell, C. (2008). "Mystacina robusta (USA Greater Short-tailed Bat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ Fox, Rebecca (20 November 2008). "Ancient species of penguin found in DNA of bones". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 
  3. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Hoplodactylus delcourti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 25, 2013. 
  4. ^ Australasian Reptile & Amphibian Specialist Group (1996). "Oligosoma gracilicorpus (Narrow-bodied Skink)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Prototroctes oxyrhynchus (New Zealand Grayling)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Mecodema punctellum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 

External links[edit]