List of modern conflicts in North Africa

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  Northern Africa (UN subregion)
  geographic, including above

Note:

  • "Modern" is defined as post-WWI period, from 1918 until today.
  • "North Africa" has a definition approximately that of the Arab term `Maghreb`.
  • "Conflict" is defined as a separate 100+ casualty incident.
  • In all cases conflicts are listed by total deaths, including subconflicts (specified below).


List of conflicts[edit]

Date Conflict Location Casualties
1916 Anglo Egyptian Darfur Expedition Darfur
1919 Egyptian Revolution of 1919 [1][2] Egypt Egypt 800-3,000
1920–1926 Rif War[citation needed] Flag of the Republic of the Rif.svg Republic of the Rif 40,000–46,400
1939–1945 Mediterranean, Middle East and African theatres of World War II [a][verification needed] France Algeria, Egypt Egypt, Italy Libya, Morocco Morocco, Tunisia Tunisia 1,000,000
1945 1945 Tripoli pogrom British Tripolitania 140
1946 Egyptian Student Riots [3][verification needed][4] Egypt Egypt 100–300
1952 Egyptian Revolution of 1952 EgyptEgypt Egypt 1,000
1952–1954 Tunisian War of Independence[citation needed]  Tunisia 2,500
1953–1956 Moroccan War of Independence[citation needed]  Morocco 3,000
1955–1972 First Sudanese Civil War  Sudan 500,000
1954–1962 Algerian War of Independence[citation needed]  Algeria 179,000–1,500,000
1957–1958 Ifni War  Morocco 8,400
1961 Bizerte crisis  Tunisia 654
1961–1964 First Tuareg rebellion  Mali  Niger
1963–1964 1963 Algerian civil war  Algeria 1,500
1963–1964 Sand War  Morocco,  Algeria 339
1965–1979 Civil war in Chad  Chad 500+
1970– Western Sahara conflict  Mauritania,  Morocco, Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 14,000–21,000
1977 Libyan–Egyptian War[citation needed]  Egypt,  Libya 500
1977 1977 Egyptian Bread Riots [5][verification needed][6]  Egypt 70–800
1978–1987 Chadian–Libyan conflict  Libya,  Chad 8,500
1979–1982 Civil conflict in Chad[citation needed]  Chad
1982–2002 Chadian Civil War[citation needed]  Chad 37,500
1983–2005 Second Sudanese Civil War[citation needed]  Sudan 600,000–2,500,000
1986 Bombing of Libya (1986)  Libya 100
1986 1986 Egyptian Conscription Riot [7]  Egypt 107
1987 Executions by Abu Nidal's organization[8]  Libya 150–160
1990–1995 Tuareg Rebellion (1990–1995)[c]  Mali  Niger 650-1,500
1992–2000 Terrorism in Egypt [9][unreliable source?]  Egypt 1,300–2,000
1992–2002 Algerian Civil War[citation needed]  Algeria 100,000–200,000
2001–2002 Black Spring (Kabylie) [10]  Algeria 123
2002– Insurgency in the Maghreb  Morocco,  Algeria,  Mauritania,  Niger,  Mali 6,000
2003– War in Darfur  Sudan 100,000–330,000
2005–2010 Civil war in Chad (2005–2010)  Chad  Sudan 1,140
2007–2009 Tuareg Rebellion (2007–2009)  Mali  Niger 350-1,330
2009– Sudanese nomadic conflicts  Sudan  South Sudan 3,000–3,500
2010– Arab Spring[d]  Tunisia,  Egypt,  Libya,  Sudan,  Morocco,  Algeria, Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg SADR 26,400–31,400
2011– Sudan–SPLM-N conflict  Sudan 1,500
2012– 2012 insurgency in northern Mali  Mali 105–117

Casualties breakdown[edit]

[a].^ North African Campaign (WWII) – combined figure ~430,000 killed:

Western Desert Campaign – 50,000 casualties.
Battle of Cape Bon – 900+ casualties.
Raid on Alexandria (1941) – 8 casualties.
Action off Cape Bougaroun – 27 killed.
Mers al-Kbir – 1,299 killed.
Operation Torch – 1,825 killed.
Tunisia campaign – ~376,000 killed.

[b].^ Polisario Front dispute for independence (combined casualty figure 14,020–14,038):

Western Sahara War – 7,000 Moroccan, Mauritianian and French soldiers killed; 4,000 Polisario killed; 3,000 civilians killed.
Independence Intifada (Western Sahara) – 1 killed.
Gdeim Izik protest camp – 18–36 killed.
2011 Sahrawi protests – 1 killed.

[c].^ Tuareg rebellion (1990–1995) combined casualties at least 650-1,500:

Tchin-Tabaradene massacre – 650-1,500 civilians killed.

[d].^ Arab Spring combined casualty figure 26,363–31,370:

Crisis in Egypt
2011 Egyptian Revolution – 846 killed
Aftermath of the Egyptian Revolution – 179 killed.
Tunisian Revolution – 224 killed.
Libyan crisis
2011 Libyan civil war – 25,000–30,000 killed.
Post-civil war violence in Libya – Over 1000 killed.
2011 Western Saharan protests – 1 killed.
2010–2011 Algerian protests – 8 killed.
2011 Moroccan protests – 1 killed.
2011 Sudanese protests – 1 killed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "800 NATIVES DEAD IN EGYPT'S RISING - 1,600 WOUNDED - Harmsworth Tells the Commons of Casualties in the Recent Outbreak. DEATH SENTENCES FOR 39 More Than 2,000 Imprisoned- British, Army Sustained Loss of 143. ALLENBY'S CONTROL FIRM Disorders Ended in April-Mahomed Said Pasha Co-operating as Premier. - Front Page - NYTimes.com". Select.nytimes.com. 2012-06-10. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  2. ^ "A Modern History of the Islamic World – Reinhard Schulze – Google Books". Google.com. 2002-05-28. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  3. ^ "Egypt: Police Crack Down on Student Demonstration". Ikhwanweb. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  4. ^ Ahmed Abdalla, The Student Movement and National Politics in Egypt 1923–1973. 2008: pp. 64–77 (1946: The Climax)
  5. ^ "1977: Egypt's bread intifada". libcom.org. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  6. ^ http://www.dailystaregypt.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=5112
  7. ^ Europa Publications Limited, The Middle East & North Africa, Volume 50: p.303
  8. ^ The New York Times. 1990. "Last October, the Fatah Revolutionary Council split after Abu Nidal's top aide, Atef Abu Baker, defected to P.L.O. headquarters in Tunis and set up his own faction, which he called the Fatah Revolutionary Council Emergency Leadership. Abu Baker said he had acted after Abu Nidal killed 150 of his men at his head office in the Libyan capital, Tripoli."[1]
  9. ^ "Armed Conflicts Report – Egypt". Ploughshares.ca. Retrieved 2011-02-01. 
  10. ^ "Algeria : Unrest and Impasse in Kabylia : 10 June 2013". Crisisgroup.org. Retrieved 2013-10-14.