List of national parks of Brazil

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The system of national parks in Brazil started in 1937 with the creation of Itatiaia National Park. Another two national parks have been created in 1939, and after a period of 20 years, the program of park creation has been restarted. Since then the number of parks increased steadily to 33 by 1990 and 67 by 2010.[1][2]

Size of the parks varies vastly between the 3,300 ha Tijuca National Park and the 3,800,000 ha Tumucumaque National Park. Of the 67 national parks, 19 protect an area that represents 5% of the original Amazon Rainforest, and another 22 protect 1% of the original Atlantic Forest. Seven parks protect the Caatinga ecoregion and twelve the Cerrado ecoregion. There are only six coastal and marine parks, including one that protects the Pantanal wetland. No park protects the Pampas.[1][2]

Visitors can only visit parks with a management plan and a public use plan. By 2010 only 30 parks were accessible to the public. Of these, the two most visited were the Tijuca National Park with 1.7 million visitors and the Iguaçu National Park with 1 million visitors, together accounting for 71% of all visitors to national parks in Brazil in 2009.[1]

National parks of Brazil
Name Year Area (km²) State
Abrolhos Marine National Park 1983 688 Bahia
Amazônia National Park 1974 9,940 Amazonas/Pará
Alto Cariri National Park 2010 182 Bahia
Aparados da Serra National Park 1959 102 Rio Grande do Sul/Santa Catarina
Araguaia National Park 1959 5,623 Tocantins
Araucárias National Park 2005 128 Santa Catarina
Boa Nova National Park 2010 142 Bahia
Brasília National Park 1961 300 Distrito Federal
Cabo Orange National Park 1980 6,190 Amapá
Campos Amazônicos National Park 2006 8,760 Rondônia
Campos Gerais National Park 2006 215 Paraná
Caparaó National Park 1961 318 Espírito Santo/Minas Gerais
Cavernas do Peruaçu National Park 1999 568 Minas Gerais
Chapada das Mesas National Park 2005 1,600 Maranhão
Chapada Diamantina National Park 1985 1,520 Bahia
Chapada dos Guimarães National Park 1989 330 Mato Grosso
Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park 1961 600 Goiás
Descobrimento National Park 1999 211 Bahia
Emas National Park 1961 1,318 Goiás
Fernando de Noronha Marine National Park 1988 112 Pernambuco
Furna Feia National Park 2012 85 Rio Grande do Norte
Grande Sertão Veredas National Park 1989 833 Bahia/Minas Gerais
Iguaçu National Park 1939 1,852 Paraná
Ilha Grande National Park 1997 788 Mato Grosso do Sul/Paraná
Itatiaia National Park 1937 300 Minas Gerais/Rio de Janeiro
Jamanxim National Park 2006 8,597 Pará
Jaú National Park 1980 22,720 Amazonas
Jericoacoara National Park 2002 200 Ceará
Jurubatiba Sandbank National Park 1996 148 Rio de Janeiro
Juruena National Park 2006 19,602 Amazonas/Mato Grosso
Lagoa do Peixe National Park 1986 344 Rio Grande do Sul
Lençóis Maranhenses National Park 1981 1,550 Maranhão
Mapinguari National Park 2008 15,624 Rondônia
Monte Pascoal National Park 1961 225 Bahia
Monte Roraima National Park 1989 1,160 Roraima
Nascentes do Lago Jari National Park 2008 8,121 Amazonas
Nascentes do Rio Parnaíba National Park 2002 7,298 Bahia/Maranhão/Piauí/Tocantins
Pacaás Novos National Park 1979 7,658 Rondônia
Pantanal Matogrossense National Park 1971 1,350 Mato Grosso/Mato Grosso do Sul
Pau Brasil National Park 2000 115 Bahia
Pedra Azul National Park 1996 100 Espírito Santo
Pico da Neblina National Park 1979 22,000 Amazonas
Pontões Capixabas National Park 2002 174 Espírito Santo
Saint-Hilaire/Lange National Park 2001 245 Paraná
São Joaquim National Park 1961 493 Santa Catarina
Sempre Vivas National Park 2002 1,245 Minas Gerais
Serra da Bocaina National Park 1974 1,318 Rio de Janeiro/São Paulo
Serra da Bodoquena National Park 2000 764 Mato Grosso do Sul
Serra da Canastra National Park 1972 2,000 Minas Gerais
Serra da Capivara National Park 1979 979 Piauí
Serra da Cutia National Park 2001 2,836 Rondônia
Serra da Mocidade National Park 1998 805 Roraima
Serra das Confusões National Park 1998 8,234 Piauí
Serra das Lontras National Park 2010 113 Bahia
Serra de Itabaiana National Park 2005 79 Sergipe
Serra do Cipó National Park 1984 310 Minas Gerais
Serra do Divisor National Park 1989 8,430 Acre
Serra do Itajaí National Park 2004 573 Santa Catarina
Serra do Pardo National Park 2005 4,473 Pará
Serra dos Órgãos National Park 1939 110 Rio de Janeiro
Serra Geral National Park 1992 173 Rio Grande do Sul/Santa Catarina
Sete Cidades National Park 1961 62 Piauí
Superagüi National Park 1989 210 Paraná
Tijuca National Park 1961 39 Rio de Janeiro
Tumucumaque National Park 2002 38,874 Amapá/Pará
Ubajara National Park 1959 62 Ceará
Vale do Catimbau National Park 2002 623 Pernambuco
Viruá National Park 1998 2,159 Roraima

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ariane Janér: The National Parks of Brazil, EcoBrasil - Brazilian Ecotourism Association
  2. ^ a b David Braun: Brazil beefs up protection of Atlantic rain forest, in National Geographic, 14 June 2010

External links[edit]