Ljugarn

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Ljugarn
The beach at Ljugarn
The beach at Ljugarn
Ljugarn is located in Gotland
Ljugarn
Ljugarn
Coordinates: 57°19′N 18°42′E / 57.317°N 18.700°E / 57.317; 18.700Coordinates: 57°19′N 18°42′E / 57.317°N 18.700°E / 57.317; 18.700
Country Sweden
Province Gotland
County Gotland County
Municipality Gotland Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 1.56 km2 (0.60 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 238
 • Density 153/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website http://www.ljugarn.com/
The Ljugarn village in 1990.
Population of Ljugarn 1960–2010
Year Pop.
1960 329
1965 308
1970 281
1975 255
1980 251
1990 262
1995 276
2000 295
2005 275
2010 238
Source: "Statistiska centralbyrån - Folkmängd i tätorter 1960-2005”. From the original 23 June 2011. Retreeved 8 February 2012. ”Statistiska centralbyrån - Småorter 2010”. From the original 15 October 2012. Retreeved 25 October 2012.

Ljugarn is a locality situated in Gotland Municipality, Gotland County, Sweden with 238 inhabitants in 2010.[1] It is located at the East coast of the island of Gotland and lies south of Slite. It is regarded as a popular and quiet department as well as holiday village for tourists and vacationers. Ljugarn is the oldest seaside resort in Gotland,[2] and was formerly a port, fishing village, pilot station and the county seat of Ljugarn County. The 1.5 km (0.93 mi) long flat sandy beach, one of the longest in Gotland, is visited throughout the year. Since the early 20th century the village has had pensions, restaurants, hostels, coffee-shops and a grocery store.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Ljugarn" has been in use since 1646, when the location was described as Lougards hamn ("Lougards harbor") and in 1695, the village is referred to as Långgarns hamn ("Långgarns harbor"). The addendum garn is used in many Gotlandic place names; it means "intestine" and is figuratively used for capes.[3] The meaning of the prefix is obscure; one interpretation[citation needed] is that it is a form of the old Norse word lju, meaning "light", but this is not corroborated by the Svenskt ortnamnslexikon ("The Swedish place names encyclopedia") or the Nationalencyklopedin.

History[edit]

Ljugarn is an old harbor situated between Sudertredingen and Medeltredingen, two of the three parts ("tredingar") Gotland was divided into before and during the Middle Ages. These "tredingar" are mentioned as early as in the Gutasaga. The listed building Strandridaregården[4] is believed to have been built in the 1720s. The last Strandridare ("customs officer") left Ljugarn in 1822.[2]

Trade[edit]

Lime, limestone, tar and lumber was exported from the Ljugarn harbor up until the 19th century. In 1880 the Storugnen ("The big kiln") was extinguished, thereby ending the lime burning era.[2] The remains of the lime kilns can still be found at the harbor. In 1828, the Donner trading house got permission to conduct trade at Ljugarn. When The Donners were declared bankrupt in 1845, trade came to be dominated by Olof Gottfrid Claudelin and two succeeding generations of Claudelins. The "Claudline House" remains in the central part of the village together with a larger limestone house from circa 1600–1700, rebuilt in the 1870s.[2][5]

Seaside resort[edit]

The first bathers in Ljugarn, 1887, are said to have been Adolf Hauffman, a teacher living in Stockholm who was from Östergarn, and his friend Sigurd Bolin. They also marketed Ljugarn such that it subsequently became the first seaside resort on Gotland.[2] Gotland had become very popular with socialites at the time through Princess Eugenie who lived in Västerhejde, in the west part of the island from the 1860s. Ljugarn became an elegant resort: large scale summer villas were built along the Strandvägen ("The beach road") and during the 1930s there were no less that five seaside pensions in Ljugarn. Among these were Ljugarns pensionat, Pensionat Lövängen and Pensionat Bringsarve.[2]

Among the more noted summer guests were Municipal commissioner Yngve Larsson, who built the "Barnarve" estate in 1919,[1] the artist Louis Sparre who built "Sandarve"[2] in 1914 close by, and the admiral and marine artist Jacob Hägg.[6]

The Ljugarn holiday resort was founded in 1955. It was initially called the Vitvärs holiday resort and was the first of its kind on Gotland.[7] Vitvär is a small fishing village in Ljugarn.[8] In 1953 the Ljugarn Society was founded as a division of the Gotland heritage association. The Ljugarn Society still owns a sauna house at a prime location south of the beach, and a post mill.[9]

Establishments[edit]

Ljugarn has many restaurants and coffee shops such as the Espegards tearoom and bakery (1936), the Vildarve Krog on Storvägen, the Smakrike (2003), the Bruna dörren on Claudelins väg (1972) and the Ljugarns strandcafé on Strandvägen (1920s).[10] There is also a grocery store (founded in 1908),[11] a shop and a kiosk called Täppan[11] at "Hemängen".

Lodging can be found at hotels, guest harbor, pensions, B&Bs, cottages, camping ground and several hostels (i.e. Strandridearegården at the harbor, managed by the Svenska Turistföreningen).[12][2] There are two small museums at Ljugarn, managed by the "Ljugarn Cape Cultural Society" and the Ljugarn Golf Club.[13]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Jonsson, Marita (1987). Vägen till kulturen på Gotland. Gotländskt arkiv, 0434-2429 ; 59(1987). Visby: Gotlands fornsal. ISBN 91-971048-0-9. 
  3. ^ Svenskt ortnamnslexikon. Uppsala: Språk- och folkminnesinstitutet (SOFI). 2003. ISBN 91-7229-020-X. 
  4. ^ (Swedish) House of a mounted customs officer.
  5. ^ "Claudelinska Huset". Website. Oxenstierna.com. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Högskolan på Gotland". Website. Uppsala Universitet. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Ljugarns semesterby & camping". Website. Ljugarns semesterby. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Enderborg, Bernt. "Vitvär fiskeläge". www.guteinfo.com. Guteinfo.com. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Gotlands hembygdsförbund". Website. Sveriges hembygdsförbund. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Ljuvliga Ljugarn / Service". Website. Ljugarn.se. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Konsum Ljugarn 100 år". Website. Ardre-Ljugarn. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "STF Vandrarhem Ljugarn". Website. Svenska Turistföreningen. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Ljugarns Gk på sydöstra Gotland". Website. ljugarnsgk.se. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Gerentz, Sven (2001). "Ljugarn, en lanthamn bland lanthamnar". Från Gutabyggd 2001: 125–142. ISSN 0349-9278. 0349-9278.  (Swedish)