||This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2009)|
|Opening date||August 1, 1960|
|Developer||Lloyd Family &
|Management||Glimcher Realty Trust|
|Owner||Glimcher Realty Trust|
|No. of stores and services||200|
|No. of anchor tenants||6|
|Total retail floor area||1,472,000 ft²|
|No. of floors||3|
Lloyd Center is a shopping mall in the Lloyd District of Portland, Oregon, United States, just northeast of downtown. It is owned by Glimcher Realty Trust and anchored by Macy's, Nordstrom, Sears, Marshalls and Ross. The mall features three floors of shopping with the third level serving mostly as professional office spaces, a food court, U.S. Education Corporation's Apollo College, and an indoor Regal Cinemas multiplex. Another Regal Cinemas multiplex is located across the street. The mall includes the Lloyd Center Ice Rink where Olympian Tonya Harding first learned to skate.
Ideas for Lloyd Center were conceived as early as 1923. The mall was named after southern Californian oil company executive Ralph B. Lloyd (1875–1953) who wished to build an area of self-sufficiency that included stores and residential locations. However, the mall wasn't built until 37 years later, due to major events such as World War II, the Great Depression, and Portland's conservative anti-development attitude.
The mall opened August 1, 1960 in a 100-store, open-air configuration. At the time it was the largest shopping center in the Pacific Northwest and claimed to be the largest in the country and in the world.. Actually, Garden State Plaza, in Paramus, New Jersey was a bit larger. Moreover, Old Orchard Center, in Skokie, Illinois -and at least two other American malls- were as large as Lloyd Center was in 1960. This information was published in the "Dual Anchor Shopping Centers" report, by Richard Longstreth, which used local newspapers, The Womens Wear Daily and The Directory of Shopping Centers In The United States and Canada, 5th Edition (1962) as its sources. In the present, Lloyd Center is the largest shopping mall in Oregon.
in 1960, Lloyd Center was located very close to the downtown retail core and was the first major retail development to seriously challenge it, aimed almost exclusively at commuters utilizing Portland's then-growing freeway system, especially the adjacent Banfield Expressway.
The original anchor stores were Meier & Frank at the center, Best's and Nordstrom's Shoes anchoring the west end, and J. C. Penney and Woolworth anchoring the east. The Seattle-based Nordstrom' Shoes chain acquired Best's apparel in 1963 and rebranded all locations as Nordstrom Best in 1967. The Nordstrom nameplate was adopted in 1973.
Lipman and Wolfe added a store to the west end of Lloyd Center in 1974. Frederick & Nelson acquired and renamed Lipman's in 1979. The store went through a dizzying succession of owners, nameplates and locations within the mall. It appears that, in 1988, Nordstrom moved into the old Lipmans/Frederick and Nelson building. The Lipmans name was apparently reinstated at a new location in the north end of the mall in 1987, only to be replaced by that of Spokane-based The Crescent later in the same year. In March 1988, the store was acquired by Bellevue, Washington-based Lamonts.
Nordstrom ended up demolishing the Lipmans store and opening an entirely new location on its space in August 1990. The former Nordstrom spaces had been gutted and refitted as inline stores, followed by a mall-wide renovation which fully enclosed the mall and added a food court. The remodeled shopping hub was rededicated in August 1991. JC Penney closed in June 1999 and was replaced by Sears in October. Meier & Frank became Macy's in 2006.
Lloyd Center is well-connected to TriMet, the regional transit system. Buses stop outside and MAX light rail stops one block away at the Lloyd Center/Northeast 11th Avenue station. Crime in and around the park and light rail station are of concern to the mall management.
Because of the size and importance of Lloyd Center, it has played a significant role in the history of freedom of speech in the United States, especially with regard to the scope of free speech within private shopping centers. Lloyd Center was the defendant in the landmark cases of Lloyd Corp. v. Tanner, 407 U.S. 551 (1972), a decision of the U.S. Supreme Court involving First Amendment rights and private property, and Lloyd Corp. v. Whiffen, 307 Or. 674, 773 P.2d 1293 (1989), a decision of the Oregon Supreme Court.
Anchors and major stores 
- Macy's, opened 1960 as Meier & Frank, renamed 2006
- Marshalls, opened -in F.W. Woolworth space- in 1999
- Sears, opened -in JC Penney space- in October 1999
- Nordstrom, opened -as Nordstrom's Shoes- in 1960, expanded into Best's store in 1963. Renamed as Nordstrom Best in 1967 and Nordstrom in 1973. Moved into old Lipmans space 1988. New store completed in August 1990
- Ross Dress For Less
- Barnes and Noble
- Lloyd Mall 8 Cinema, a Regal Cinemas theater
- Lloyd Center Ice Chalet, opened 1960
- Old Navy, opened sometine between 2000-2005 replaced several inline stores on the first floor of the east(Sears) side of the mall
- Forever 21, opened along with 2 later expansions sometime between 2000-2007
- Joe Brown's Caramel Corn, opened in 1960
- Billy Heartbeat's
- Abercrombie & Fitch
- Dollar Tree, originally J.J. Newberry (1960-2001)
- Pier 1 Imports
- Bank of America
- Wells Fargo Bank
- Newport Seafood Grill
- Buffalo Wild Wings
- Red Robin
- Lloyd Center 10 Cinema, a Regal Cinemas theater
Former anchors 
- J.C. Penney (1960-1999) replaced by Sears
- Lamonts (1988-1995), replaced by Ross and Barnes & Noble
- Toys "R" Us (?-2004), replaced by an addition of Apollo College (Now Carrington College)
- Frederick & Nelson, (1979-?), replaced by Lipman's
- Lipman's (1974-1979, 1979-1987), replaced by Frederick & Nelson and then turned back the same year, replaced by second Nordstrom in 1988
- Woolworth (1960-1997), replaced by Marshalls in 1999.
- The Crescent (1987-1988), replaced by Lamonts
- Tom Moyer Luxury Theatres (19??-1989), former owner of Lloyd Mall 8 Cinema, purchased by Act III Theatres
- Act III Theatres (1989-1998), previous owner of Lloyd Mall 8 Cinema, purchased by Regal Cinemas
- Tradewell, a defunct Seattle-based grocery store chain (location later became Holladay's Market and is now home to Bank of America, Newport Seafood Grill, and Buffalo Wild Wings)
See also 
- Toll, William (2003). "Urban Investment". Oregon History Project. Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- Glimcher Form 10-K Annual Report
- The Tonya Harding Website
- "History of the Lloyd District". Ashforth Pacific Properties. Retrieved 2008-05-14.
- Examples of the ad phrase being used