Loikaw

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Loikaw
လွိုင်ကော်မြို့
Lwègaw[1]
Loikaw is located in Burma
Loikaw
Loikaw
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 19°40′27″N 97°12′34″E / 19.67417°N 97.20944°E / 19.67417; 97.20944
Country  Burma
Division Kayah State
District Loikaw
Township Loikaw
Elevation 2,900 ft (884 m)
Population (2010)[2] 18,972
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Loikaw (Burmese: လွိုင်ကော်မြို့; MLCTS: lwing kaw mrui., pronounced: [lwàikɔ̀ mjo̰]) is the capital of Kayah State in Burma (Myanmar). It is located in the Karen Hills area, near the State's northern tip, just above an embayment on the Pilu River.[3] The inhabitants are mostly Kayah (Karenni). Myanmar's largest hydropower plant built (by the Japanese as war reparation) is located about 20 km east of Loikaw at Lawpita Falls.

Loikaw, the Headquarters of the Political Officer in Charge of the Karen-ni States in 1922 Loikaw is in the only flat part of Karen-ni. In 1892 it numbered four huts. The headquarters of the American Baptist Mission to Hill Karens is located here. The bridges look flimsy, but are so substantial that elephants walk over them.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Loikaw
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
29
(84)
32
(90)
34
(93)
31
(88)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
11
(52)
15
(59)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
16
(61)
12
(54)
16.9
(62.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
3
(0.12)
7
(0.28)
50
(1.97)
178
(7.01)
222
(8.74)
251
(9.88)
289
(11.38)
236
(9.29)
151
(5.94)
51
(2.01)
14
(0.55)
1,460
(57.48)
Avg. rainy days 2 1 2 5 17 23 25 26 21 14 6 3 145
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279 280 310 270 217 150 124 124 150 186 210 248 2,548
Source: World Climate Guide

Transport[edit]

Loikaw is linked by the newly constructed Aungban-Pinlong-Loikaw rail line.

Education[edit]

The town is home to Loikaw University, Technological University, Loikaw, Computer University, Loikaw.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Lwègaw (Variant)" Loikaw at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ ""Myanmar: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population:calculation 2010"". Archived from the original on 2012-09-19.  World Gazetteer
  3. ^ Bitsch, Jørgen (1966) Why Buddha Smiles Taplinger Publishing, New York, pages 55-56, OCLC 421824


Coordinates: 19°40′27″N 97°12′33″E / 19.67417°N 97.20917°E / 19.67417; 97.20917