Lolo Pass (Idaho–Montana)
Lolo Pass Summit Sign
|Elevation||5,233 ft (1,595 m)|
|Location||Idaho Co., Idaho, &
Missoula Co., Montana,
|Governing body:||U.S. Forest Service|
|Added to NRHP:||October 15, 1966|
Lolo Pass, elevation 5,233 feet (1,595 m), is a mountain pass in the United States, in the Bitterroot Range of the northern Rocky Mountains. It is on the border between the states of Montana and Idaho, approximately 40 miles (64 km) west-southwest of Missoula, Montana.
The pass is the highest point of the historic Lolo Trail, between the Bitterroot Valley in Montana and the Weippe Prairie in Idaho. The trail, known as naptnišaqs, or "Nez Perce Trail" in Salish, was used by Nez Perce Indians in the 18th century, and by the Lewis and Clark Expedition, guided by Old Toby of the Shoshone, on their westward snowbound journey in September 1805. After a winter at Fort Clatsop in present-day Oregon, the Corps of Discovery returned the following June.
The pass was also used in 1877 during the Nez Perce War as some of the Nez Perce under Chief Joseph tried to escape the U.S. Army. Shortly after crossing the pass the two sides clashed at the Battle of the Big Hole.
Lolo Hot Springs is 7 miles (11 km) east of the pass in Montana.
The Lolo Trail is a National Historic Landmark.
Camas blooming at Packer Meadows, near Lolo Pass, Idaho.
- "National Park Service Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 11, 2010.
- Tachini, Pete (2010). Seliš nyoʻnuntn, Medicine for the Salish language : English to Salish translation dictionary (2nd ed.). Pablo, MT: Salish Kootenai College Press. p. 374. ISBN 9781934594063.
- "Lolo Trail and Pass". Lewiston Morning Tribune. National Park Service. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- Campbell, Thomas W. (August 20, 1962). "Thousands witness L-C Highway dedication". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1.
- Idaho Transportation Dept. - webcam - Lolo Pass
- Idaho Transportation Dept. - roadside historical marker - Lolo Summit
- Lolo Pass Visitor Information Center
- Lewis and Clark: Additional Sites
- The Lewis & Clark Expedition: Documenting the Uncharted Northwest Name, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson plan
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