|In Texas, USA|
The Long-billed Thrasher is slender and long-tailed, averaging 26.5–29 cm (10.5–11.5 in) in length and about 70 g (2.5 oz) in weight. Adults are brown above with a brighter rufous tinge on the rump and tail, off-white below with a black streak on each side of the throat (the malar) and heavy black streaks on the breast and belly, especially the sides of the breast. There are two pale wingbars. The head is grayish, especially the face. The bill is black, fairly long, and slightly down-curved, and the eyes are orange to orange-yellow. Immatures resemble adults but have less distinct markings and buffier wingbars.
It usually stays hidden on or near the ground, though it may sing from conspicuous perches. Its food is mostly insects and fruit; it searches for insects on the ground by energetically turning over ("thrashing") leaves and other litter.
The song is warbling and resembles other thrashers' songs but is especially rich and musical, though occasionally scratchy. Phrases are often repeated two to four times. A distinctive call is a "loud, rich whistle cleeooeep" or "mellow, whistled tweeooip or ooeh"; other calls include "a loud sharp chak" and "a very rapid, sharp rattle chtttr" resembling calls of its close relative the Brown Thrasher.
The nest is a bulky cup placed in thick low or mid-height vegetation and made of materials such as twigs and grasses. The female lays 2 to 5 eggs described as bluish-white with dense reddish-brown and gray speckles or greenish-white with tiny, dense, "dingy brown" speckles.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Toxostoma longirostre". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Howell, Steve N. G.; Webb, Sophie (1995). A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press. p. 600. ISBN 0-19-854012-4.
- Sibley, David Allen (2000). The Sibley Guide to Birds. Alfred Knopf. p. 412. ISBN 0-679-45122-6.
- "Long-billed Thrasher". All About Birds. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 2007-04-05. Includes sound recordings.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toxostoma longirostre.|
- "Long-billed Thrasher". The Birds of North America Online. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2007-04-05. Subscription required.
- "Bird Info - Long-Billed Thrasher". World Birding Center. Retrieved 2007-04-05. Includes sound recording and Texas range map.
- Long-billed Thrasher photo gallery VIREO