Seal of Los Pinos
|Location||Casa Miguel Alemán, PB, Col. San Miguel Chapultepec, 11850, Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal|
|Structural system||Casa Miguel Alemán
Casa Lázaro Cardenas
Plaza Francisco I. Madero
Molino del Rey
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Manuel Giraud Esteva|
Los Pinos (from Spanish, The Pines) is the official residence and office of the President of Mexico. Located in the Bosque de Chapultepec (Chapultepec Forest) in central Mexico City, it became the presidential seat in 1934, when Gen. Lázaro Cárdenas became the first president to live here. The term Los Pinos has become a metonym for the Presidency of Mexico.
After the Spanish Conquest, a trapiche (mill) was built in Chapultepec, where wheat and maize were processed into flour. This mill became so important that it was later called el Molino del Rey ("The King's Mill"). In 1853, the Molino del Rey was sold to Dr. José Pablo Martinez del Rio, who built the Casa Grande ("Big House") that would later become known as Rancho La Hormiga ("The Ant Ranch"). In 1865 the whole property was sold to Emperor Maximilian for a total of 25,000 Mexican pesos.
Following the 1867 overthrow and execution of Maximilian, the property was, in 1872, returned to Dr. Martinez del Rio.
In 1917, with the end of the armed phase of the Mexican Revolution, President Venustiano Carranza expropriated the properties, paying MXP$ 886,473 for both the property and the construction of a residence that would be close to Chapultepec Castle (which at the time was used as the official residence) so that his most trustworthy cabinet member could live there. Because of this, the first inhabitant of the residence was Álvaro Obregón while he held the post of Navy and War Secretary. After his tenure the residence was unused.
In 1934, President Lázaro Cárdenas took office but refused to use the Castle of Chapultepec as his official residence. He was offered use of Rancho la Hormiga (English: "The Ant" Ranch), which he accepted. He changed its name to "Los Pinos" (The Pines) in honor of the ranch where he met his wife.
Los Pinos has been home to thirteen presidents and their families. In the year 2000, President Vicente Fox opened the residence to the public and chose one of the nearby "cottages" as his home. It was also the residence of General Joaquín Amaro.