Lomas de Chapultepec
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Lomas de Chapultepec is a colonia, or officially recognized neighborhood, in Mexico City located in Miguel Hidalgo borough. It dates back to around 1930, when it was founded with the name Chapultepec Heights. Home to some of the biggest mansions and wealthiest people in Mexico, it is located in northwestern Mexico City. In recent years commercial and business areas have been created in the district. Its main entrance is through Paseo de la Reforma.
Lomas de Chapultepec was founded in the early 1920s by American, British and local investors, as an expansion of Mexico City. It was created on the hills in the west side of the valley. It was professionally planned by American landscape architects and engineers in the Olmstead "Garden City fashion", with large lots and large gardened yards, wide winding streets and gardened boulevards, scattered small shopping areas within walking distances from homes; the early settlers attracted to the area were young professionals and some of the nouveau riche revolutionaries, bureaucrats and the new business class of Mexico City, small cottages were built on the side streets and mostly large houses on Paseo de la Reforma and Paseo de Las Palmas, the two main avenues.
Many of the early houses were built in the "Californian Colonial" style with imitation stone carvings around windows and doors and pitched roofs, later on began they began to build modern houses designed by the big name architects. Many of the houses built during that time, including the modest house of the world's richest man (Carlos Slim Helú), are still standing in the area and constitute the largest mansions in the entire Lomas Area.
First came Lomas de Chapultepec, later on in the early 50's, riding on Lomas's success and the glitter on its name, other developers opened subdivisions further out into the adjacent Estado de Mexico with names including the magic word "Lomas", such as Lomas de Tecamachalco, Lomas de la Herradura, Lomas Altas and Bosques de Las Lomas (where President Lopez Portillo built his gigantic estate - La Colina del Perro).
The area grew in size, being mostly inhabited by the upper class and the European immigrants that arrived in Mexico in the early 20th century.
Today, Lomas de Chapultepec is inhabited by Mexican and foreigner wealthy businessmen, professionals working for multinational corporations, and other wealthy individuals such as drug dealers, such as Zhenli Ye Gon. The area is also coping with the onslaught of the automobiles residing in its badly designed neighbouring developments, the lack of adequate public transportation and street infrastructure thus creating a destroying force, putting the Lomas street infrastructure under pressure to an otherwise calm, beautiful and well designed urban space that Lomas is.
Lomas de Chapultepec is located in the northwestern hills of Mexico City valley and was mostly created following the contour of the terrain, leaving the natural drainage as open space. The developed area was planted with large number and variety of trees, and now is one of the most wooded areas in the city.
The area was well planned and designed by some of the best professionals of the time, its main avenues run the crests of the hills while the streets follow the gently curves of the terrain, thus affording varying points of view and some magnificent vistas of the city on the flat part of the valley.
The colonia's borders are:
- On the northwest and north, the Tecamachalco area of Cuajimalpa borough (colonias Lomas de Tecamachalco, San Miguel Tecamachalco, etc.) and colonia Reforma Social
- On the northeast, the Anillo Periférico ring road and Polanco district
- On the east, colonia Molino del Rey and the Bosque de Chapultepec
- On the south, the 2nd and 3rd sections of the Bosque de Chapultepec; colonias Lomas Altas and Lomas de Reforma
- On the west, colonia Bosques de las Lomas
The Name "Lomas"
Because "Lomas de Chapultepec" (originally called Chapultepec Heights) constituted a very successful small and neat neighborhood along with Bosques de las Lomas, further urban upscale developments in the surrounding areas took the name "Lomas" -Spanish for hills- to steal its glamour and induce people to think they were part of the "Lomas" complex and concept, and expanded the Lomas area into several new nearby neighborhoods. Some of the neighborhoods that stemmed from these expansions are Lomas de Tecamachalco, Lomas de la Herradura, Lomas de las Palmas, Lomas Anahuac, Lomas Altas, Lomas de Bezares, Lomas de Santa Fe and Lomas de Vistahermosa, with Lomas de Chapultepec being the original name and the best designed, planned and developed subdivision among them.
Today, the area encompassing Lomas and neighboring developments is sometimes incorrectly generally referred to as Lomas, though locals specify where they live in, be it Tecamachalco, Herradura, etc.
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In the 1950s, 60s, and 70s, the majority of Mexico City's Jews moved from Condesa, Roma and the Downtown to Polanco, Lomas de Chapultepec, Interlomas, Bosques de las Lomas, and Tecamachalco, where the majority are now based.
- The Westhill Institute has two campuses in Lomas: Athos and Carpatos.
- The Lomas campus of Peterson Schools is in Lomas de Chapultepec.
- The Kindergarten Prado Norte facility of the Campus La Herradura of the Colegio Alemán Alexander von Humboldt is located in Lomas de Chapultepec.
- The toddler center campus and the preschool campus of the Eton School is in Lomas.
- Mapa Colonias, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo, retrieved 2013-10-11
- Vivienne Stanton (September 13, 2010), The many faces of Jewish Mexico
- "privacy." Interjet. Retrieved on November 4, 2010. "If you do not want your information to be shared with any third party or not to receive any information or required to clarify or modify the information provided, you have the right to send your written instructions/request to ABC Aerolíneas, SA de CV, residing at Prado Sur 230, First Floor, Colonia Lomas de Chapultepec, CP 11000, Mexico City, D.F. or via the email address or phone number provided on this page for user contact."
- "Contact Us" (Archive). Westhill Institute. Retrieved on May 27, 2014. "Athos Monte Athos 330, Lomas de Chapultepec, Miguel Hidalgo. 11000 Mexico City." and "Carpatos Montes Carpatos no 940, Lomas de Chapultepec, Zip code: 11000 Mexico City"
- "Lomas." Peterson Schools. Retrieved on May 18, 2014. "Address: Monte Himalaya 615, Lomas de Chapultepec, Miguel Hidalgo, México City, C.P. 11000."
- "Ubicaciones Campus LA HERRADURA." Colegio Alemán Alexander von Humboldt. Retrieved on March 14, 2014. "Kindergarten – Primaria – Secundaria - Preparatoria Bosques de Moctezuma 124 Fracc. La Herradura, Huixquilucan 52784 Estado de México" and "Kindergarten Prado Norte Prado Norte 559 Lomas de Chapultepec 11000 México, D.F. "
- "Addresses & Maps." Eton School. Retrieved on May 27, 2014. "1.Toddler Center Alpes 1140 Col. Lomas de Chapultepec. Del. Miguel Hidalgo, C.P. 11000" and "2. Pre School Alpes 605 Col. Lomas de Chapultepec. Del. Miguel Hidalgo, C.P. 11000"
- Berry, Jason and Gerald Renner. Vows of Silence: The Abuse of Power in the Papacy of John Paul II. Simon and Schuster, March 4, 2004. ISBN 0743253817, 9780743253819. p. 190.