Louis Dumont (1911 – November 19, 1998) was a French anthropologist.
Dumont was born in Thessaloniki, in the Salonica Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. He was an associate professor at Oxford University during the 1950s, and director at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris. A specialist on the cultures and societies of India, Dumont also studied western social philosophy and ideologies.
His works include Homo Hierarchicus: Essai sur le système des castes (1966), From Mandeville to Marx: The Genesis and Triumph of Economic Ideology (1977) and Essais sur l'individualisme: Une perspective anthropologique sur l'idéologie moderne (1983), in which he contrasts holism with individualism.
His studies on Indian society paved the way for the development of the culturological approach to the study of Indian society. The culturological approach identifies itself closely with the indological approach.
Dumont died, aged 87, in Paris.
- Allen, N. J. (1998). "Obituary: Louis Dumont (1911–1998)". Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford (JASO) XXIX (1): 1–4.
- Good, Anthony (5 December 1998). "Obituary: Professor Louis Dumont". The Independent. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- Beteille, Andre (January 9, 1999). Economic and Political Weekly (EPW) http://www.epw.in/system/files/pdf/1999_34/01-02/Obituary__Louis_Dumont_191198.pdf
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- Celtel, André (December 2004). Categories of Self.Louis Dumont's Theory of the Individual. Berghahn Books, New York, Oxford.
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