Louis N. Parker
|Louis N. Parker|
Louis N. Parker in 1917, National Portrait Gallery
21 October 1852|
Luc-sur-Mer, Calvados, France
|Died||21 September 1944
Bishopsteignton, Devon, England
|Citizenship||British after 1914|
|Education||Royal Academy of Music|
|Spouse||Georgianna Bessie Calder (m. 1878–1919)|
|Children||Elsa ("Toby") and Dorothy ("Tommy")|
Louis Napoleon Parker (21 October 1852 – 21 September 1944) was an English dramatist, composer and translator. Parker wrote many plays, developing a reputation for historical works. His 1911 play Disraeli is one of his best known, written as a vehicle for the actor George Arliss who later won an Academy Award for his performance in the 1929 film adaptation, itself based on his earlier 1921 silent film version.
In 1905, he staged the Sherborne Pageant, and in 1906, the Warwick Pageant, huge productions involving 800–900 participants. Their success inspired a wave of "pageantitis" in England, including several more by Parker.
He was born in Calvados, France, the son of the American Charles Albert Parker, who was a grandson of American congressman and judge Isaac Parker, and the Englishwoman Elizabeth Moray. The father was absent at his birth, and the attending French neighbors were so convinced the newborn would not survive that they christened the child immediately.
Parker grew up in several continental European countries—as an adult he was fluent in Italian, French, and German. He was educated at Freiburg and the Royal Academy of Music. In 1878 he married Georgianna Bessie Calder, they had two daughters, Elsa and Dorothy. Parker was in the school of music at Sherborne School, Dorsetshire, 1877-1896, including a tenure as director of music (? – 1892), and his songs, cantatas, and instrumental music were composed during this time. He was an early English supporter of Richard Wagner, eventually serving as president of the Wagner Society of London.
Because of growing deafness, Parker turned to drama. His first play would be the vehicle for Mrs. Patrick Campbell's London stage debut in 1890. His involvement in drama prompted him to move to London in 1896. In 1898 he was made a fellow of the Royal Academy of Music. One of his daughters, Dorothy, became an actress, including a performance in New York in Parker's Pomander Walk.
Parker became a British subject in 1914. Georgianna died in 1919. Parker died in 1944.
Parker was the author of many cantatas, such as Silvia and the Twenty-third Psalm, as well as many other musical compositions.
Overall he wrote, alone or in collaboration or in translation, over 100 plays, including Change Alley, The Man in the Street, The Paper Chase, Pomander Walk, Rosemary, and adaptations including David Copperfield and The Monkey's Paw. His translations include Magda (Hermann Sudermann's play Heimat), L'Aiglon, Cyrano de Bergerac. His plays were popular in London and New York. At times, three of his plays would be staged simultaneously in New York.
- Her Broadway career is given at "Dorothy Parker". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- "Parker, Louis N.". Who's Who 59: 1357. 1907.
- "Parker, Louis Napoleon". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.
- "Parker, Louis Napoleon". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
- "Louis N. Parker, The Man Who Wrote “Pomander Walk”". The New York Times. January 8, 1911.
- "Louis N. Parker, 91, Noted Dramatist". The New York Times. September 21, 1944. p. 19.
- "Louis Napoleon Parker papers, 1869-1943, Biographical Note". Columbia University. Retrieved February 13, 2013.