Loyola College (Montreal)

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This article is about the historical college in Montreal. For other colleges with this name, see Loyola.
Loyola College
Loyola College Montreal shield.png
Active 1896–1974
Type College
Religious affiliation Society of Jesus
Location Montreal, Quebec, Canada
45°27′29″N 73°38′20″W / 45.458°N 73.639°W / 45.458; -73.639Coordinates: 45°27′29″N 73°38′20″W / 45.458°N 73.639°W / 45.458; -73.639
Nickname Loyola Warriors
Affiliations Université Laval (1903-1920)
Université de Montréal (1920-1974)

Loyola College was a Jesuit college in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It ceased to exist when it was incorporated into Concordia University in 1974. A portion of the original college remains as a separate entity called Loyola High School.

History[edit]

Loyola College in 1937

Loyola College traces its roots to an English-language program at the Jesuit Collège Sainte-Marie de Montréal (today part of the Université du Québec à Montréal) at the Sacred Heart Convent. In 1896, Loyola College was established at the corner of Bleury Street and Saint Catherine Street. Loyola College was named in honour of Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Society of Jesus. In 1898, following a fire, the college was relocated, further west on Drummond Street, south of Saint Catherine.[1] On March 10, 1899, the institution was incorporated by the Government of Quebec and became a full-fledged college.[1] Although founded as a collège classique (the forerunners of Quebec's college system), Loyola began granting university degrees through Université Laval in 1903.

The college moved into the present west-end campus on Sherbrooke Street West in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce in 1916. Frank Peden (architect) with Walter J. Murray designed several Loyola College buildings: Administration Building (1913–16), Junior Building (1913–16), dormitories (1913–16) and refectory (1913-16).[2] War memorial bronze plaques in the entrance hall are honour rolls dedicated to those from Loyola College who fought in the First and Second World Wars and the Korean War.[3]

The School of Sociology opened in 1918. In 1920, the institution became affiliated with the Université de Montréal, which began granting degrees instead of Université Laval. Although associated with these universities in order to grant degrees, Loyola College nevertheless had full curriculum control.[1]

The inter-war period was marked by the shift of education in the institution, the "collège classique" education was replaced by humanistic education (Liberal Arts College) in 1940, and Loyola became a four-year university. Loyola College never became a chartered university, and never had the ability to grant its own university degrees. Theology and philosophy were subjects taught to all students until 1972.[1]

In 1940, the Faculty of Science and the Department of Engineering, which became a faculty in 1964, were created. In addition to providing the same undergraduate programs as other colleges, the institution also offered innovative fields of study at the time, such as exercise science and communication studies. Students could enroll in Academic majors starting in 1953 and honors programs in 1958. Students graduating from Loyola could afterwards pursue graduate-level education in other universities, with a few earning Rhodes Scholarships.

Starting in 1958, Loyola also began offering its first evening courses for students not being able to go to school full-time. New courses were given in library science and faith community nursing.

Since its creation, Loyola College had welcomed almost exclusively young English-speaking Catholic men as students. It became co-ed in 1959 and became less homogeneous with the ever increasing number of foreign students.

In 1964, the Loyola High School Corporation was founded to run Loyola High School separately from the College. In 1966, a new church was built outside of the school, St. Ignatius of Loyola Church. Before this, parishioners worshipped in a chapel within the school grounds. When Loyola College merged with Sir George Williams University in 1974, title to the land that Loyola High occupied was transferred from the college.

Obtaining a university charter was an important issue in the 1960s. Although many wanted the Loyola College to become Loyola University, the Quebec government preferred to annex it to Sir George William University. Merger discussions began in 1968 and ended with the creation of Concordia University on August 24, 1974. Today, the Loyola Campus remains as a campus of Concordia University.

Loyola Chapel[edit]

Loyola Chapel
Concordia University Loyola Chapel
Location 7121 Sherbrooke St. W, Montreal, Quebec
Country Canada
Denomination Catholic
History
Consecrated 1935
Architecture
Status Theatre within Concordia University
Architectural type Gothic Revival architecture
Style Collegiate Gothic style

The Loyola College chapel is a place of Catholic denomination worship for students, personnel as well as their families. The chapel is a classic example of gothic revival architecture. Charles William Kelsey created a twelve light stained glass war memorial window (1933) in the Loyola chapel. The windows depict the torture of the priests by North American Indians. In the dedication panel is written: "To the Greater Glory of God and In Memory of the Officers and Men of the 55th Irish Canadian Rangers." The basement beneath the Loyola Chapel has been converted into a theatre named the F.C. Smith Auditorium. {The Loyola Chapel continues as a place of worship and is used for weddings and funeral services of all faiths; it is also used for yoga activities that are part of the curriculum. The large F.C. Smith Auditorium beneath the Chapel has been converted into two parts: one for theatrical performances with stage facilities and one for motion pictures, both usually as parts of courses.}

Location Date Description Manufacturer Inscription
Roman Catholic Chapel 1933 2 light -Jesuit-Martyrs: Isaac Jogues and Noel Chabanel Charles William Kelsey
  • Badges of the Jesuit Order and the Irish Rangers Regiment are in the top corner areas of the war memorial window
Roman Catholic Chapel 1933 4 light -Jesuit-Martyrs: Jean de Brébeuf, Antoine Daniel, Gabriel Lalemant and Charles Garnier Charles William Kelsey
  • war memorial window
Roman Catholic Chapel 1933 4 light -Jesuit-Martyrs: Jean de la Lande and René Goupil Charles William Kelsey
  • In the lower two corners of the war memorial windows are the Arms of the Loyola family.

Loyola Warriors[edit]

The Loyola Warriors were the Canadian Interuniversity Athletics Union teams that represented Loyola College.

The Loyola Warriors won the Canadian University Championship back in 1972.

Loyola merged with Sir George Williams University in 1974 to create Concordia University; the Warriors and the Sir George Williams Georgians were replaced by the Concordia Stingers.

Loyola High School remained in existence after the merger, and had retained the name Warriors for its senior sports teams.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Bissonette, L. A. "Loyola of Montreal: A Sociological Analysis of an Educational Institution in Transition between 1969 and 1974." M.A. thesis, Concordia University, 1977.

External links[edit]