|• Land||8.8 km2 (3.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,509.7/km2 (19,450/sq mi)|
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (English: Our Lady of Grace), also nicknamed NDG, is a residential neighbourhood of Montreal located in the city's west-end. It comprises Loyola and Notre-Dame-de-Grace, two of the five electoral districts of the borough of Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce. In 2013, it had a population of 66,495.
Towards the end of the 17th century, the area north of Old Montreal was a vast forest stretching to the foot of Mount Royal, surrounded by marshes and streams. However, the first Europeans settled in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce on November 18, 1650. They were Jean Descarries (or Descaris) dit le Houx and Jean Leduc, originating in Igé, Perche, France.
In 1853, construction of the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce was completed.
In December 1876, the Municipality of the Village of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce was established through proclamation. In 1906, the village of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce was incorporated as a town. On June 4, 1910, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce was annexed to the city of Montreal.
It was during this period that the long established Descarries family reached its peak. Daniel-Jérémie Décarie (1836-1904) was mayor of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce from 1877 to 1904 and his son, lawyer Jérémie-Louis Décarie (1870-1927), was a Quebec parliamentarian.
In May 1912, the Décarie Boulevard was officially designated. (A section of the road was already known as Décarie Avenue.)
Gradually the village developed around the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce which was the head church of the seven parishes on the western part of the Island of Montreal.
It was around 1920 that anglophones began settling in NDG, resulting in the construction of numerous schools and churches. The Décarie Expressway opened to motorists in 1966, in time for Expo 67. The highway construction forced the displacement of 285 families and had a major impact on the neighborhood.
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce is bounded on the east by the border with Westmount and Cote-des-Neiges, the south by the Falaise Saint-Jacques, and the north by Côte-Saint-Luc Road, extending west to the border with Montreal West.
The eastern part of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, clustered around the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce parish church, has always been a traditionally francophone neighbourhood. It was bisected by the Decarie Expressway in the 1960s. The central and western parts were, and for the most part still are, traditionally home to middle-class and working-class anglophones with a significant lower-class population (though it has been on the decline in recent years). The majority of residents in this district speak English in their homes with only 32% speaking French. Many are students of the English post secondary schools, particularly Dawson College and Concordia University. In the 50s, 60s and 70s there were many Jewish families who lived in NDG. In the late 70s and 80s things changed with the political climate in Quebec and there was an out-migration to other English-speaking Canadian cities. Today, there is also a sizeable Afro-Canadian and immigrant community, concentrated mostly around the parts of the district north of Somerled Avenue as well as south of Sherbrooke Street. In recent years, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce has developed into a highly desirable neighbourhood for young professionals.
Many of the houses are historical and have much character, having been built upwards of 70 years ago. The neighbourhood is known for its tree-lined streets, brick houses, and closely cropped duplexes. There are also many apartment buildings. Benny Farm was also a huge public housing project in central Notre-Dame-de-Grâce built for Second World War veterans and single-parent families, but was renovated and converted into condominia after 2002.
Nevertheless, times are changing as property prices throughout the other parts of the district have grown and it is becoming an increasingly popular place to live for middle-class English-speaking Montrealers.
Sports and recreation
NDG is well known for many large parks including NDG Park (known as Girouard Park), Loyola Park, and Trenholme Park. The area has three indoor hockey arenas: the public Doug Harvey Arena (formerly Confederation Arena) and the private LCC High School and Concordia University (Ed Meagher Arena) rinks.
The NDG Senior Lynx made it to Little League Baseball's Senior League World Series in 2011 and 2012, representing the region of Canada.
NDG is home to the Montreal Exiles Rugby Football club (www.montrealexiles.com) who have mini-rugby teams (NDG Dragons) at U-6, U-8, U-10 U-12 and U-14 levels, Junior rugby at U-18 and senior men's rugby. Founded in 2011, the senior men's side featured in the provincial finals in 2011, losing to Westmount in the semi-final, and again in 2012 winning the Division C league and Cup. Their home field is Confederation Park.
The major commercial streets are Monkland Avenue, Somerled Avenue and Sherbrooke Street West. Monkland Village comprises a cluster of businesses on the eastern part of Monkland Avenue that was revitalized in the 1990s. Villa Maria metro station is located here, as well as Vendôme Metro Station near the district's southeastern end. Also, city buses leaving Snowdon Metro provide access to the northern and western parts of the district.
The following is a list of street names in the area and what/who they're named after:
- Bessborough: Vere Ponsonby, 9th Earl of Bessborough, 14th Governor General of Canada
- Borden: Robert Borden, 8th Prime Minister of Canada
- Cavendish: Most likely the British House of Cavendish
- Connaught: Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, 10th Governor General of Canada
- Décarie: One or many of several prominent members of the Décarie family; possibly specifically Jérémie-Louis Décarie, who was born in NDG
- Girouard: One of several prominent Quebec figures listed here - Girouard
- Hingston: William Hales Hingston, a Canadian senator
- Marcil: Georges Marcil, last mayor of NDG before its annexation into the city of Montreal.
- Monkland: James Monk, former Chief Justice of Lower Canada; landowner
- Notre-dame-de-Grâce: NDG — the community in which the street is situated
- Old Orchard: The orchards that used to make up large parts of modern-day NDG;
- Sherbrooke: John Coape Sherbrooke, Governor General of British North America, circa 1816
- Somerled: 12th-century Scottish leader
- Terrebonne: A French seigniory near what is now the city of Terrebonne
There are numerous private and public educational institutions within the community:
- English Schools
- Royal Vale
- Willingdon School
- Herbert Symonds
- St. Monica School
- École Rudolph-Steiner de Montreal
- Concordia University (Loyola Campus)
Famous people and residents
- Jay Baruchel, actor
- Jim Cannon, musician
- Earl Jones, ponzi scheme operator
- Russell Martin, major league baseball catcher
- Sergio Momesso, former NHL player and current sports commentator
- William Shatner, actor
- Jessica Paré, actress
- Laurence Leboeuf, actress
- Doug Harvey, former NHL player
- Ian Mofford, former CFL player and Grey Cup champion
- Laura Lloyd, musician, member of shoegazing band No Joy
|Montreal West||Le Sud-Ouest|
- "Loyola". Profile de district électoral. Ville de Montréal. Retrieved 21 Dec 2013.
- "Notre-Dame-de-Grâce". Profile de district électoral. Retrieved 21 Dec 2013.
- Pelland, Yvan. "OUR COMMUNITY’S HISTORY AND PEOPLE". Discover NDG. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "Frequently Asked Questions." English Montreal School Board. Retrieved on December 20, 2012. "A: The EMSB's Administration Building is located at 6000 Fielding Avenue, corner Cote St. Luc Road, in the Montreal District of N.D.G." Version in French - French address: "A: The EMSB's Administration Building is located at 6000 Fielding Avenue, corner Cote St. Luc Road, in the Montreal District of N.D.G."