Notre-Dame-de-Grâce

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This article is about the neighbourhood of Montreal. For the federal electoral district, see Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (electoral district). For the provincial electoral district, see Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (provincial electoral district).
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
Neighbourhood
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Library
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Library
Nickname(s): NDG
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce is located in Montreal
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
Location of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce in Montreal
Coordinates: 45°28′36″N 73°36′52″W / 45.47675°N 73.61432°W / 45.47675; -73.61432Coordinates: 45°28′36″N 73°36′52″W / 45.47675°N 73.61432°W / 45.47675; -73.61432
Country Canada
Province Quebec
City Montreal
Borough Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
Established 1876
Incorporated 1906
Merged 1910
Area
 • Land 8.8 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Population (2013)[1][2]
 • Total 66,495
 • Density 7,509.7/km2 (19,450/sq mi)

Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (English: Our Lady of Grace), also nicknamed NDG, is a residential neighbourhood of Montreal located in the city's west-end. It comprises Loyola and Notre-Dame-de-Grace, two of the five electoral districts of the borough of Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce. In 2013, it had a population of 66,495.

History[edit]

The Church of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce in 1948

Towards the end of the 17th century, the area north of Old Montreal was a vast forest stretching to the foot of Mount Royal, surrounded by marshes and streams. However, the first Europeans settled in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce on November 18, 1650. They were Jean Descarries (or Descaris) dit le Houx and Jean Leduc, originating in Igé, Perche, France.

Both settlers each received thirty acres of land in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, a vast territory that stretched from what would become Atwater Avenue to Lachine.

In 1853, construction of the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce was completed.

In December 1876, the Municipality of the Village of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce was established through proclamation. In 1906, the village of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce was incorporated as a town. On June 4, 1910, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce was annexed to the city of Montreal.[3]

It was during this period that the long established Descarries family reached its peak. Daniel-Jérémie Décarie (1836-1904) was mayor of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce from 1877 to 1904 and his son, lawyer Jérémie-Louis Décarie (1870-1927), was a Quebec parliamentarian.

In May 1912, the Décarie Boulevard was officially designated. (A section of the road was already known as Décarie Avenue.)

In 1908, the first tramway made its appearance in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce. The departed from Mount Royal Street, around the mountain and terminated at Snowdon Station.

Gradually the village developed around the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce which was the head church of the seven parishes on the western part of the Island of Montreal.

It was around 1920 that anglophones began settling in NDG, resulting in the construction of numerous schools and churches. The Décarie Expressway opened to motorists in 1966, in time for Expo 67. The highway construction forced the displacement of 285 families and had a major impact on the neighborhood.

Since 2002, the area has been administratively attached to Côte-des-Neiges as the borough of Côte-des-Neiges-Notre-Dame-de-Grâce.

Geography[edit]

Notre-Dame-de-Grâce is bounded on the east by the border with Westmount and Cote-des-Neiges, the south by the Falaise Saint-Jacques, and the north by Côte-Saint-Luc Road, extending west to the border with Montreal West.

Demographics[edit]

Shops along Sherbrooke Street West in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce.

The eastern part of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, clustered around the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce parish church, has always been a traditionally francophone neighbourhood. It was bisected by the Decarie Expressway in the 1960s. The central and western parts were, and for the most part still are, traditionally home to middle-class and working-class anglophones with a significant lower-class population (though it has been on the decline in recent years). The majority of residents in this district speak English in their homes with only 32% speaking French. Many are students of the English post secondary schools, particularly Dawson College and Concordia University.[4] In the 50s, 60s and 70s there were many Jewish families who lived in NDG. In the late 70s and 80s things changed with the political climate in Quebec and there was an out-migration to other English-speaking Canadian cities. Today, there is also a sizeable Afro-Canadian and immigrant community, concentrated mostly around the parts of the district north of Somerled Avenue as well as south of Sherbrooke Street. In recent years, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce has developed into a highly desirable neighbourhood for young professionals.

Cityscape[edit]

The Empress Theatre located along Sherbrooke Street West.

Many of the houses are historical and have much character, having been built upwards of 70 years ago. The neighbourhood is known for its tree-lined streets, brick houses, and closely cropped duplexes. There are also many apartment buildings. Benny Farm was also a huge public housing project in central Notre-Dame-de-Grâce built for Second World War veterans and single-parent families, but was renovated and converted into condominia after 2002.

Nevertheless, times are changing as property prices throughout the other parts of the district have grown and it is becoming an increasingly popular place to live for middle-class English-speaking Montrealers.[citation needed]

Sports and recreation[edit]

NDG is well known for many large parks including NDG Park (known as Girouard Park), Loyola Park, and Trenholme Park. The area has three indoor hockey arenas: the public Doug Harvey Arena (formerly Confederation Arena) and the private LCC High School and Concordia University (Ed Meagher Arena) rinks.

The NDG Senior Lynx made it to Little League Baseball's Senior League World Series in 2011 and 2012, representing the region of Canada.

NDG is home to the Montreal Exiles Rugby Football club (www.montrealexiles.com) who have mini-rugby teams (NDG Dragons) at U-6, U-8, U-10 U-12 and U-14 levels, Junior rugby at U-18 and senior men's rugby. Founded in 2011, the senior men's side featured in the provincial finals in 2011, losing to Westmount in the semi-final, and again in 2012 winning the Division C league and Cup. Their home field is Confederation Park.

Transportation[edit]

The major commercial streets are Monkland Avenue, Somerled Avenue and Sherbrooke Street West. Monkland Village comprises a cluster of businesses on the eastern part of Monkland Avenue that was revitalized in the 1990s. Villa Maria metro station is located here, as well as Vendôme Metro Station near the district's southeastern end. Also, city buses leaving Snowdon Metro provide access to the northern and western parts of the district.

Street Names[edit]

The following is a list of street names in the area and what/who they're named after:

Education[edit]

The Administration Building at Concordia University's Loyola campus.

The administrative offices of the English Montreal School Board are located in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce.[5]

There are numerous private and public educational institutions within the community:

Elementary schools[edit]

  • English Schools
  • Royal Vale
  • Willingdon School
  • Herbert Symonds
  • St. Monica School
  • École Rudolph-Steiner de Montreal

High schools[edit]

Private
Public

Universities[edit]

Famous people and residents[edit]

An outdoor ice hockey rink located at Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Park. L’église St-Augustine de Canterbury, now known as River's Edge Community Church, is in the background).

Geographic location[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Loyola". Profile de district électoral. Ville de Montréal. Retrieved 21 Dec 2013. 
  2. ^ "Notre-Dame-de-Grâce". Profile de district électoral. Retrieved 21 Dec 2013. 
  3. ^ Pelland, Yvan. "OUR COMMUNITY’S HISTORY AND PEOPLE". Discover NDG. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www.concordia.ca/now/community-engagement/outreach-initiatives/20110503/imagining-ndg-1.php
  5. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions." English Montreal School Board. Retrieved on December 20, 2012. "A: The EMSB's Administration Building is located at 6000 Fielding Avenue, corner Cote St. Luc Road, in the Montreal District of N.D.G." Version in French - French address: "A: The EMSB's Administration Building is located at 6000 Fielding Avenue, corner Cote St. Luc Road, in the Montreal District of N.D.G."

External links[edit]