Lucien Hervé

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Lucien He
Born (1910-08-07)August 7, 1910
Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary
Died June 26, 2007(2007-06-26) (aged 96)
Paris, France
Occupation Photographer

Lucien Hervé (born László Elkán on 7 August 1910 in Hungary, died 26 June 2007 in Paris) was a French photographer of Hungarian origin. He was notable for his architectural photography, beginning with his work for Le Corbusier.

"Lucien Hervé is one of the rare photographers to combine a humanist outlook with an architect's eye. His characteristic style of cropped frames, plunging or oblique views, and pared-down compositions tending toward abstraction distinguish his work from that of his contemporaries." [1][citation needed]

Biography[edit]

  • 191 : Born as László Elkán on 7 August in Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary, son of Nelly Ritscher and Lajos Elkán (a leather merchant and town councillor).
  • 1918 : The Elkán family moves to Budapest
  • 1920 : 3 March, his father dies. Beginning of his piano studies.
  • 1923 : In addition to his studies of music, sport plays an increasing role in his life. He goes in for Greco-Roman wrestling and swimming. He befriends working-class youths and turns away from the bourgeois lifestyle of his mother.
  • 1928 : Goes to Vienna, where he enrolls in the university to study economics. At the same time, he takes drawing courses at the Academy of Fine Arts and visits museums.
  • 1929 : In the summer, joins his brother in Paris and spends his time visiting museums. At the end of the year, returns to Budapest.
  • 1930 : In February, returns to Paris, where he lives with Lucienne Savin. Becomes a bank clerk. Abuses at the bank lead to his resignation in 1931. Having been placed on the "black list", he cannot find a job. He becomes active in the French-Hungarian trade union movement, studies economics and attends the workers’ university.
  • 1934 : Member of the French volleyball team that beats Germany in official competition. Joins the French Communist Party. Lives with Fernande Lacroix (a sales clerk with Patou).
  • 1935 : Organises strikes in the fashion industry and is consequently dismissed by the fashion design company Patou. Becomes a union representative in the Confédération générale du travail (CGT), France's national organized-labor group, then secretary-general of the Central Labour Organization in the eighth arrondissement of Paris. Lives with Mado Ferrand (a head seamstress). Works illegally under the name of Elec.
  • 1937 : Receives French citizenship.
  • 1938 : In March, he is expelled from the French Communist Party. In July, begins working with the Hungarian photographer Miklós Müller, and he produces photo reportages for Marianne Magazine, a literary publication. In September, when the Munich Agreement is signed, Müller leaves France.
  • 1939 : After Müller's departure, Elkán becomes a photojournalist for Marianne Magazine; for convenience, he uses Müller's byline. His reports deal mainly with social issues, but he also returns to fashion: at the Maggy Rouff fashion house, he makes a report with the actress Alice Cocea, entitled History of a Dress. He is drafted into the army, in the Fifth Infantry Régiment, and becomes an army photographer under the command of Colonel Jean de Lattre de Tassigny. Marries Mado Ferrand.
  • 1940 : 4 June, captured by the German forces in the Battle of Dunkirk. Prisoner of war in Hohenstein, East Prussia. Begins to paint during his captivity. Serves as spokesman for the French Resistance in the prison camp. He and some of his fellows found an underground communist party.
  • 1941 : 2 February, arrested by the Gestapo for Resistance activities in the camp. Escapes in September. He reaches Vichy France, works for Union Electric on the construction of a hydroelectric station in Fond de France. Joins the underground army of the French Résistance in Grenoble, is in charge of resupplying camps in the mountains. He joins the Maquis du Vercors, the groups of resistants. Takes the Résistance name of Lucien Hervé. He paints and takes part in the exhibitions of the Salon d'Automne in Paris.
  • 1943 : Reinstated into the underground French Communist Party. In December, called to Paris to direct the secret activity of the Mouvement national des prisonniers de guerre et des déportés (MNPGD), an organization to help the prisoners of war and the deported people. He produces and distributes leaflets, and goes into hiding.
  • 1945 : Works in the direction of the MNPGD, along with François Mitterrand. Assistant of the president of the French Red Cross and then general-secretary of the French Aid Organisation for Soviet POWs and Deportees. Meets the Chinese government leader Deng Xiaoping, whose portrait he draws at the Founding Congress of the World Fédération of Trade Unions. Divorces Mado Ferrand. He resumes painting.
  • 1946 : In February, sent by Georges Bidault, président of France's provisional government, on a consular mission to Budapest. Stays for three months.
  • 1947 : In January he is expelled for a second time from the French Communist Party. Works occasionally as an interior decorator and a designer of theatre scenery and film posters. He continues to paint and exhibit, and resumes his writing and photography work for magazines such as France Illustration, Point de vue, Regards, Lilliput. He compiles reports on artistic and cultural themes. He meets Judith Molnár, who later becomes his wife.
  • 1949 : Meets the Dominican Father Marie-Alain Couturier, the editor-in-chief of the ecclesiastical art magazine L’Art Sacré, who introduces him to Henri Matisse. In December, on the advice of Father Couturier, he goes to Marseille to photograph the Unité d'Habitation of Le Corbusier. He sends Le Corbusier the 650 prints taken in one day. The architect asks him to become his photographer.
  • 1955 : Accompanies Le Corbusier to Chandigarh and Ahmedabad in India. He photographs the government buildings under construction as well as local historical architecture. He travels to Fatehpur Sikri, Delhi and Jaipur. Commissioned to photograph the construction of the Paris offices of UNESCO, designed by the architects Marcel Breuer, Pier Luigi Nervi and Bernard Zehrfuss. He follows the construction work for three years until its completion.
  • 1957 : 2 May, the birth of his son, Daniel Rodolf Hervé.
  • 1959 : Commissioned by the Spanish publishing house RM Editorial, he photographs the Escorial and Méditerranéen vernacular architecture in Spain. The books remained unpublished.
  • 1961 : Second trip to Chandigarh. Takes advantage of contracts with the French Electrical and Metallurgy Fédérations, the magazine Architecture d’aujourd’hui, and the publishing house Éditions Gallimard to travel around the world (visiting Japan, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Greece, Crete, California, Mexico, Peru, and Brazil).
  • 1962 : Engaged by the director of the French Middle Eastern Archaeological Institute to photograph archeological sites in Syria, Lebanon, and Iran.
  • 1963 : Joins the editorial board of Carré Bleu, an architectural journal founded in 1958. Launches the traveling exhibition Langage de l’architecture.
  • 1966-1970 : His illness limits his movements, he concentrates on organising exhibitions and the publication of his books. Makes collages, often using his own photographs. Progressively returns to photography, continuing his researches on abstraction begun in the late 1940s. He writes for architectural journals and studies urban planning issues.
  • 1970 : Travels to Belgium to work with the architect Pierre Puttemans on the photographs for a book on modern architecture in Belgium, often accompanied and assisted by his son. Starting in the 1970s, serves on many graduate-exam juries for architecture schools (École Nationale des Beaux-Arts, École Camondo, Paris).
  • 1974-1984 : A difficult period of his illness. Thanks to his traveling exhibitions, he has a constant presence in artistic life.
  • 1997-1998 : Travels to Austria to work with the architect Attila Batár on the photographs for a book on the urban planning of the Mölkersteig district in Vienna.
  • 13 October 2000, his son, the photographer and video artist Daniel Rodolf Hervé, died.

Legacy and honors[edit]

  • 1985 : Under the auspices of the Rencontres d'Arles, he receives the Medal of the City of Arles, as one of the first donors of his photographs to the Musée Réattu. He also is awarded by the honorary citizenship of Arles.
  • 1988 : Receives special mention from the jury of the 1988 Paris Photo Month.
  • 1990 : Receives the medal of the French Legion of Honour for his activity in the French Resistance.
  • 1991 : He is elected an honorary member of the Association of Hungarian Photographers.
  • 1993 : Receives the Fine Arts Medal from the Académie of Architecture, Paris.
  • 1994 : Named Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres.
  • 2000 : Receives Grand Prize in Photography from the city of Paris. Hungary awards him the Order of Merit of the Republic.
  • 2001 : In Hungary, he is elected as a member of the Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts. He receives an oeuvre award from the Association of Hungarian Photographers. He is awarded with the officer degree of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.
  • 2003 : The book by Lucien Hervé and Olivier Beer, « Lucien Hervé. L’homme construit », wins the Deutscher Fotobuchpreis at the Stuttgart Book Fair.
  • 2004 : He establishes a photographic award – Prix Lucien Hervé et Rodolf Hervé, to support young professional photographers.
  • 2007 : He dies on 26 June in his 97th year.

Selected Photographic Exhibitions[edit]

Solo Exhibitions[edit]

  • 1885 Perception de l'architecture" The Rencontres d'Arles festival
  • 1999 Architecte de l'ombre / Le Beau court la rue" The Rencontres d'Arles festival
  • 2004 Fotografie di architettura – Le Corbusier, Biennale Internazionale di Fotografia di Brescia, Italy
  • 2005 Lucien Hervé, L’œil de l’architecte, CIVA, Brussels
  • 2007 Construction - Composition / Le Corbusier – Lucien Hervé Fondation Le Corbusier, Paris (this exhibition was on show in India as well)
  • 2007 Le Corbusier – Lucien Hervé, Galerie Taisei, Tokyo
  • 2007 Rétrospective Lucien Hervé, Galerie Caméra Obscura, Paris
  • 2007 In memoriam Lucien Hervé, Galerie du Jour agnès b., Paris
  • 2008 Lucien Hervé, Photographies, Chapelle Bacchus, Besançon
  • 2008 Le Corbusier e Lucien Hervé Construção/Composição, Lisbon
  • 2008 Párizsi fotográfiák és művészportrék, Magyar Fotográfusok Háza – Mai Manó Ház, Budapest
  • 2008 Lucien Hervé – The Soul of an Architect, Michael Hoppen Photography, London
  • 2009 Architettura in immagini. Lucien Hervé fotografa Le Corbusier, Palazzo Te, Mantua
  • 2010 Lucien Hervé, Galerie du Jour agnès b., Paris
  • 2010 Lucien Hervé, sculpteur d’images, Keitelman Galerie, Brussels
  • 2010 Lucien Hervé 100, Szépművészeti Múzeum (Museum of Fine Arts), Budapest
  • 2010 Elkán László hazatér. Lucien Hervé 100, Emlékpont Múzeum, Hódmezővásárhely (Hungary)
  • 2011 Vivants, Maison de la Photographie Robert Doisneau, Gentilly
  • 2012 « Contacts » – Lucien Hervé, Galerie Camera Obscura, Paris

Collective Exhibitions[edit]

  • 2006 Isabelle Huppert. La femme aux portraits, Couvent des Cordeliers, Paris
  • 2006 L’Inde dans tous les sens, Espace Louis Vuitton, Paris
  • 2007 White & Black, Vasarely Múzeum, Budapest
  • 2008 Paris Photo, Carrousel du Louvre, Galerie du Jour agnès b. és Galerie Caméra Obscura, Paris
  • 2009 Retratos de Cidades : Le Havre – Brasília – Niterói, Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói
  • 2010 Architecture and Photography, ArteF Fine Art Photography Gallery, Zurich
  • 2010 Le Havre. Images sur commandes, Musée Malraux, Le Havre
  • 2011 Made in Hungary, Michael Hoppen Gallery, London
  • 2011 Eyes on Paris, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg

Selected Bibliography[edit]

Livres et albums[edit]

  • La Plus Grande Aventure du monde. L‘architecture mystique de Cîteaux, with the text of Francois Cali, Arthaud, Paris 1956
  • Architecture of Truth, Thames & Hudson, Londres, 1956; George Braziller, New York, 1956 Nouvelle ed.: Architecture de Vérité / Architecture of Truth, Païdon, Paris-London, 2000
  • Le Siège de l‘Unesco à Paris, Freal & Cie, Paris, 1958; 2e ed., Gerd Hatje, Stuttgart, 1958
  • Épitészet és Fénykép (Architecture et Photographie) Akadémia Kiadó, Budapest, 1968
  • Le Beau court la rue, Gérim, Paris, 1970
  • Le Corbusier, l‘artiste et l’écrivain, Griffon, coll. « Arts plastiques du XXe siècle » directed by Marcel Joray, Neuchâtel, Suisse, 1970
  • Az Építészet nyelve (Langage de l’architecture), Corvina, Budapest, 1983
  • Lucien Hervé, text and dialogues by Attila Batár, Hét Torony Kiadó, Budapest, 1992
  • Intimité et Immensité, with Bernard Noël, Téménos, Paris, 1994
  • Die Geschichte Als Architekt, Der Mölker Steig, text by Attila Batár, Mölker Verlag, Vienne, Budapest, 1995
  • Lucien Hervé : L'homme construit, text by Olivier Beer, coll. L'Œuvre photographique, Seuil, Paris, 2001
  • Amis inconnus, texts by Noel Bourcier and Pierre Borhan, Filigranes Éditions, 2002
  • The Eiffel Tower, introduction by Barry Bergdoll, Princeton Architectural Press, New York, 2003
  • Le Corbusier / Lucien Hervé. Contacts, text by Béatrice Andrieux, Quentin Bajac, Michel Richard, Jacques Sbriglio, ed. Éd Seuil, Paris, 2011 (Le Corbusier & Lucien Hervé. The Architect and the photographer. A dialogue. Thames & Hudson, London, 2011; Le Corbusier & Lucien Herve: A Dialogue Between Architect and Photographer, The Getty Institute, Los Angeles, 2011; Le Corbusier / Lucien Hervé: Kontakte, Schirmer / Mosel Verlag, 2011)
  • Lucien Hervé, dialogues by Hans Ulrich Olbrist, Manuella Editions, Paris, 2011

Portfolios[edit]

  • Lucien Hervé, text Michel Ragon, Éditions du Moniteur, Paris, 1998
  • Le Corbusier (edited in 10 copies), Phot'œil, 1989
  • Les Constructeurs (edited in 30 copies), Forum des Arts, 1999, with a poem by Olivier Beer
  • Paris (edited in 30 copies), Forum des Arts, 1999, with a poem by Olivier Beer
  • Enfance (edited in 30 copies), Forum des Arts, 1999, with a poem by Olivier Beer
  • Le Corbusier (edited in 30 copies), Forum des Arts, 1999, with a preface by Lucien Hervé and a poem by Olivier Beer
  • Jean Prouvé (edited in 30 copies), 1999, réalised for the Galerie 54 with a preface by Lucien Hervé and a poem by Olivier Beer

Catalogues of exhibitions[edit]

  • 1966 Langage de l'architecture, « Lucien Hervé par lui-même », musée de l'Art contemporain, Skopje
  • 1985 Lucien Hervé, text by Jean Dieuzaide : « Lucien Hervé : voir ce que nous ne voyons pas », galerie municipale du Château d'Eau, Toulouse
  • 1988 Mois de la photo 1988, Paris Audiovisuel : « Rétrospective Lucien Hervé. Architecture de l'image, image de l'architecture », by Gilles Neret, p. 174.
  • 1988 Mint minder ember... (Comme tous les hommes) [titre de l'exposition « Lucien Hervé, photographe »], texte de Lucien Hervé et György Somlyó, Budapest
  • 1991 FNAC et sa collection 1968 à 1991, text by Jean Dieuzaide, galerie municipale du Château d'Eau, Toulouse (collective)
  • 1992 De essentie van het fragment, texts by Tjeerd Bousma and Margit Tamás, Architectural Institute of the Netherlands, Rotterdam
  • 1992 Tirages de l'époque : 1938-1962, galerie Taisei, Tokyo
  • 1992 Première Photo, edition galerie du Jour Agnès b., Paris (collective)
  • 1994 La Jeune Fille dans la ville. La Ville et la Modernité, edition galerie du Jour Agnès b., Paris (collective)
  • 1994 Mois de la photo 1994, Paris Audiovisuel : Lucien Hervé. Capitales d'empire, Persépolis, Fatehpur Sikri, p. 110-113.
  • 1996 Photos leurres, éditions de la galerie du Jour Agnès b., Paris (collective)
  • 1996 Mois de la photo 1996, Paris Audiovisuel : Photo leurres, p. 180-181.
  • 1996 L'arquitectura de Le Corbusier, Fondation Caixa Castello, Barcelona
  • 1997 Architecture de Le Corbusier, texts by Lucien Weygand and Jacques Sbriglio, Hôtel du département, Conseil général des Bouches-du-Rhône
  • 1998 The Soul of an Architect, texte de Zaha Hadid, Michael Hoppen Photography, London
  • 1999 Vive les modernités !, XXXe Rencontres internationales de la photographie d'Arles, Actes Sud : « Lucien Hervé. Architecture de l'ombre. Le beau court la rue », by Didier Brousse
  • 2002 Lucien Hervé, text by Attila Batár, Szent István Király Múzeum, Székesfehérvár (Hongrie)
  • 2003 Lucien Hervé – Anna Mark, Hôtel des Arts, Conseil général du Var, Toulon
  • 2005 Lucien Hervé, L’œil de l’architecte, texts by Barry Bergdoll, Véronique Boone and Pierre Puttemans, CIVA, Brussels
  • 2007 Brasília | Chandigarh | Le Havre - Portraits de villes, Somogy Editions d’Art – Musée Malraux, Le Havre
  • 2007 Lucien Hervé, text by Imola Gebauer, Erdész & Makláry Fine Arts, Budapest
  • 2009 Architettura in immagini. Lucien Hervé fotografa Le Corbusier., Palazzo Te 1525, Skira
  • 2010 Lucien Hervé 100. text: Imola Gebauer. Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest

Articles[edit]

  • « Histoire d'une robe... et de 91 paires de mains », Marianne Magazine, n° 12, 14 juin 1939, p. 42-46.
  • « Cité d'artistes », France Illustration, n° 213, 12 novembre 1949
  • Paris vu des toits et des clochers, France Illustration, n° 324, décembre 1951
  • Le siège de l'Unesco à Paris, L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui, n° 58, janvier 1955, p. 26-31.
  • L'unité d'habitation à Nantes-Rézé, L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui, n° 66, juillet 1956, p. 2-11.
  • Le siège de l'Unesco à Paris, Aujourd'hui, n°8, juin 1956, p. 58-63.
  • À propos de la photographie d'architecture, Aujourd'hui, n° 9, juillet 1956, p. 28-31.
  • Observatoire de Jaipur, Aujourd'hui, n° 9, juillet 1956, p. 34-37.
  • La maison de Pierre Jeanneret à Chandigarh, Aujourd'hui, n° 9, juillet 1956, p. 62-63 et 64-67.
  • Inde et Chandigarh, L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui, n° 67-68, août-septembre 1956, p. 172-197.
  • Japon : parallèles et divergences, L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui, n° 98, octobre-novembre 1961, p. 6-20; Centre culturel, Tokyo, p. 28-33.
  • Chandigarh, capitale du Pakistan, L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui, n° 101, avril-mai 1962, p. 4-21.
  • Visite à Brasilia, L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui, n° 101, avril-mai 1962, p. 22-37.
  • Mon fantastique... enfin défini, L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui, n° 102, juin-juillet 1962, p. 106-111.
  • Villes mortes de la Syrie du Nord, Jardin des arts, n° 107, octobre 1963, p. 32-43.

Documentary films[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ texte de Virginie Chardin

External links[edit]