|Città di Lugo|
The Este Castle.
|Frazioni||Ascensione, Belricetto, Bizzuno, Ca' di Lugo, Campanile, Chiesanuova, Ciribella, Giovecca, Malcantone, Passogatto, San Bernardino, San Lorenzo, San Potito, Santa Maria in Fabriago, Torre, Villa San Martino, Viola, Voltana, Zagonara|
|• Mayor||Raffaele Cortesi (since 2004-06-13)|
|• Total||116 km2 (45 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|Population (30 June 2009)|
|• Density||280/km2 (730/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Hilary of Galeata|
|Saint day||May 15|
A settlement in where is now the city is mentioned for the first time in 782 AD, but the names Lucus appears only in 1071. In 1161 it was a fief of the Counts of Cunio, but in 1202 it returned to the Papal States. It was later a possession of the Da Polenta, Pepoli, Visconti and Este; the latter maintained it until 1597, when the city was again annexed to the Papal States.
In 1424 the Castle of Zagonara (now destroyed) was the seat of the homonymous battle, in which a Milanese army defeated the Florentines.
When in 1797 the French revolutionary forces invaded northern Italy, Barnaba Chiaramonti (later pope as Pius VII), then still Bishop of Imola, addressed his flock to refrain from useless resistance to the overwhelming and threatening forces of the enemy. The town of Lugo refused to submit to the invaders and was delivered up to a pillage which had an end only when the prelate, who had counselled subjection, supplicantly cast himself on his knees before General Augereau.
In 1859, through plebiscite, Lugo joined the newly born Kingdom of Italy. During World War II, the Senio river formed the frontline between the German and Allied occupation areas from December 1944 until 10 April 1945. The city suffered heavy destruction but recovered quickly after the end of the conflict.
On 19 January 1993 the area near Lugo experienced an unexplained explosion event with a yield estimated at 10 kilotonnes of TNT (42 TJ).
- Rocca Estense (Este Castle), the Town Hall from 1797. The current appearance dates from 1500, when the old fortress was rebuilt; the eastern side was erected during the Napoleonic occupation. The interior houses portraits of famous lughesi, a lunette attributed to Mino da Fiesole and a noteworthy 19th-century garden.
- The Pavaglione, former 19th century covered market (mainly known for silkworm trade).
- The Oratorio of Croce Coperta, with 15th-century frescoes.
- The 'Collegiata' church, rebuilt in the 18th century over a 13th-century Franciscan edifice, has a suggestive 15th-century cloister.
- San Francesco di Paola (1890), houses a precious polychrome terracotta sculpture of Dead Christ (15th century).
- Teatro Rossini, now a 445-seat opera house, completely restored between 1984 and 1986 based on its original conception from 1759 and restoration and expansion in 1821.
- Francesco Baracca (1888–1918) - World War I flying ace.
- Agostino Codazzi (1793–1859) - cartographer
- Giuseppe Compagnoni (1754–1833)
- Mario Lega - former world champion motorcycle racer.
- Charles Ponzi (1882–1949) - famous swindler.
- Gioachino Rossini (1792–1868) - composer
- Gian Ruggero Manzoni (1957) writer, painter
- Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro (1853–1925) - mathematician
- Francesco Balilla Pratella (1880–1955) - composer
- Pierluigi Martini (1961) - Formula 1 driver
- Fabio Taglioni (1920–2001) - engineer
- Daniela Poggiali (1972) - nurse arrested for killing as many as 38 patients
- Cristian Zanzi (1972) - Serie A/B Football referee
- Lorenzo Baroni (1990) - Motorcycle racer
- Agustin Codazzi, Colombia
- Choisy-le-Roi, France
- Kulmbach, Germany
- Nervesa della Battaglia, Italy
- Wexford, Ireland
- Yoqneam, Israel