||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (June 2013)|
|• Mayor||Efrain Quintero Mendoza (2012-2015)|
|• Total||1,739 km2 (671 sq mi)|
|Elevation||131 m (430 ft)|
|• Density||37.86/km2 (98.1/sq mi)|
Agustín Codazzi or Codazzi, is a city and municipality of the Department of Cesar in Colombia. It was founded in 1784 by the Spanish Captain Salvador Felix de Arias with the name of El Pueblito del Espiritu Santo but later renamed after the Italian cartographer, Giovanni Battista Agostino Codazzi, who died in this place in 1859. Its located by the Serranía del Perijá covering some of the area pertaining to the valley of the Cesar River.
In 1958 Codazzi was proclaimed a municipality due to its rapid population increase in the 1950s and 1960s triggered by an agricultural boom of cotton, that attracted people searching for jobs from many departments of Colombia; mainly from Tolima, Huila, Santander, North Santander, Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Bolivar and Magdalena.
- 1 Symbols
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Political-administrative structure
- 4.1 Corregimientos
- 4.2 Veredas
- 4.3 Neighborhoods
- 4.4 Branches of government
- 4.5 Defense
- 4.6 Valledupar Metropolitan
- 4.7 Transport
- 4.8 Road infrastructure=
- 4.9 Urban transport
- 4.10 Intermunicipal transportation
- 4.11 Interdepartmental Transportation
- 4.12 Energy
- 4.13 Drinking water and sanitation
- 4.14 Education
- 4.15 Ecology
- 5 Economy
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Twin cities
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The coat of the city is divided into four parts, the upper left shows an allegory of the religious festivals of the divine shepherdess, in the top right the mountains of Perija, shows the fruits and products agriculture such as the coffee, the corn and cotton flowing from the horns, like the bows and arrows that make memories to the Yukpa Indian s, ancient inhabitants of their terriorios.
Cotton is one of the symbol s of the municipality for which he was called the white city of Colombia and that led to the highlight of Agustín Codazzi when this crop (between 1958 and 1975), became a Agustín Codazzi cotton in the capital of Colombia and earned him the title of White City. In 1960, with 20,980 hectare s planted s, became the first domestic producer of cotton, followed distantly by Armero, Tolima, with 14,209 hectares. And the number of hectares should reach 60,000 in 1975, to decrease rapidly with the cotton crisis.
This town in the beginning (1702) was called "Holy Spirit" and was the Captain Salvador Felix Arias, governor of Province of Santa Marta, who founded it in land donated for that purpose (there are versions that was Captain Felix Torres who founded in 1784).
These lands were claimed by the Indians who came from the Sierra of Perijá, forcing the captain to flee Salvador Arias.
The creation of this municipality was given by the division of the municipality of Robles, was the priest algezares Leandro Mary, who gives the name of Agustín Codazzi in honor of the military and Italian geographer (year 1958).
The town of Codazzi before reaching a municipality, was known and was part of the remembered Robles, time when the Father Leandro algezares Mary began the quest for the disaggregation municipal today known nationally and internationally, as Agustín Codazzi or Codazzi simply.
The creation of the municipality of Codazzi was proposed by Decree no 179 of February 25, 1958 of the Government of the Department of Magdalena, then approved by Resolution No. 0265 of April 9, 1958 of the Ministry of Government and confirmed by Order No. 122 of November 12, 1958, issued by the Honorable Madeleine Departmental Assembly.
Augustine (also called Agostino) was son of Domingo Codazzi Codazzi, draper and Bartolotti Constance. He was born on July 12, 1793, in the city of Lugo (Italy).
During the period 1850-1859 Codazzi ran through what is now Colombia in the call Commission Corográfica, which was a group of geographers and naturalist in charge of mapping the country. But as he prepared to go what is the Colombian Atlantic coast surprised malaria attack that led to his death in the population of the Holy Spirit February 7, 1859, now called Codazzi in his honor.
The municipality of Agustín Codazzi is located in the northern part of Cesar approximately 1 hour of the state capital, Valledupar (45 km). Consists of four districts, 23 villages and 42 districts. diverse climates pose because part of its territory forms the mountains of Perijá.
Varies slightly in the region that is located in the tropical domain, where general weather characteristics are high temperatures and low annual thermal oscillation. even that varies also by the altitude of the mountains. The municipality has two rainy seasons and two dry seasons throughout the year, average temperatures range between 19°, 4°C and 34°C is not uncommon during the months of September to January is hailstorms presented as the municipality is located to the left side of the Serrania del Perijá and these months are dense rainfall.
As for temperatures, according to data accumulated by the IDEAM in metereologica station located just outside the town at the annual temperature is 29.5 °C, with maximum and minimum of 24 °C and 35 °C respectively, the maximum temperature recorded history is 44.5 °C on August 29, 2008 and a high of 15 °C. The hottest month is July with an average of 31 °C and the coolest months are December and January to 22 °C.
Limits of the municipality
Borders by north in the municipality of La Paz and Sandiego, by the your r with the municipality of Becerril, on the West with the municipality of El Paso and the east with the mountains of Perijá serving natural limit between Colombia and Venezuela.
Agustín Codazzi is the capital of the homonymous municipality and in turn is one of the main cities of the Department of Cesar. The municipality is divided into 4 districts, 23 villages, 42 districts, one urban and one whole family.
- San Jacinto
Branches of government
In Agustín Codazzi have their seat in legal matters first municipal court the attorney general of the nation. At the municipal level, executive power is exercised by the Mayor and City Council, elected by popular vote for a four-year period.
The city houses the Municipal Police Department, which coordinates all activities aimed at controlling and maintaining public safety. The National Police Colombia in Agustín Codazzi has personnel assigned to patrol roads, setting up checkpoints and surveillance of public events in the city are particularly busy at times of the Festival Vallenato Played on Guitars and Livestock Show.
The municipality of Agustín Codazzi project is part of Valledupar metropolitan area is the conurbation that has at its core to Valledupar, its other members are Agustín Codazzi, Peace, Manaure Balcon del Cesar, San Diego. It was created in 2005 and has an estimated total population by DANE in 2010 of 504 868 inhabitants.
The road network Agustín Codazzi is structured as a hexagon whose center is the race 16. You enter the city for three national highways: north, from Valledupar you enter the city through the roundabout guitars, on the south, the road is entered Bucaramanga - Augustine Codazzi, to the north is the national route linking with San Diego, Valledupar and Guajira. Other roads and four-lane dual carriageway are Eastern Alternative.
In Agustín Codazzi operate urban transport undertakings: Cootraturiscod, this company is cooperative and intercommunicate type different city neighborhoods especially towards the center where they develop the administrative, financial and commercial city.
There is a substation located west of the city belonging to the company that distributes electricity Transelca 100% of households Codacenses, electrical energy distributed in the city belongs to the national electrical interconnection. Since the incoming administration begins to think about the development of large enterprises and promoting industry but the municipality currently has no such capacity despite large coal deposits nearby.
Drinking water and sanitation
'Aqueduct' The city of Agustín Codazzi Current service coverage is 95.%, Water is taken from the river Magiriaimo and service delivery is in charge of the business department "Aguas del Cesar"
in Agustín Codazzi has a 97 sewerage coverage.%. The residual water is driven home through underground piping to two systems of wastewater treatment. Wastewater from the city receive primary and secondary treatments that leave the water suitable for dumping at Cesar River.
' Solid waste management'
The collection, transportation and disposal of solid waste is handled by the company Interaseo SA ESP. The home collection is performed by a fleet of 16 trucks and 25 compactors cubic yards, the company has for the ongoing sweep city streets and public spaces by personnel directly on the streets. For final disposal has Municipal Landfill located in northeastern recently rebuilt and operated efficiently without compromising the environment or public health.
In the city there are located one CERES is a city in the Regional Headquarters of the Popular University of Cesar (UPC), with different careers grouped in faculties of Engineering and Technology (Agribusiness Professional Technical, Professional Technical Professional and Technical Systems in Electronics), also is expected to begin in a few years issued valuable career regionally and nationally.
As a scientific discipline the ecology can not dictate what is "good" or "bad", even so, we can consider that the maintenance of the biodiversity and goals have provided related the scientific basis for expressing the aims of environmentalism and also has provided the methodology and terminology to express environmental problems.
In the municipality of Agustín Codazzi, there is great interest in the preservation of the animals and plant, have been campaigning for the preservation of the tributaries of the river Margiriaimo which in their streams generates a ecosystem rich in various species as animal and plant.
Agustin Codazzi, despite having lived in its passing various landmarks such as the cotton boom and having suffered the violence of armed groups outside the law, is now a municipality that is projected as the capital agriculture energy Colombia, because in his jurisdiction is located on the first floor of biodiesel of Colombia and one of the first of Latin, similarly, is looming assembly plant Alcohol fuel from the culture of cassava industry.
In addition, it is part of one of the projects coal s the world's largest known as "The Rest", which will allow the multinational "Drummond" produce 50 million tonnes per year. This, without neglecting the agricultural and livestock that has always characterized us, noting that it is the first municipality coffee producer in the region Caribbean, with more than 5,700 hectares, is the second largest city in breeding Cesar cattle cattle heads over 132,000 feet and holds great potential fruit Serrania existing the Perijá.
In Magiriaimo Codazzi River is one of the sights of the town and its surroundings having great diversity of plant and animal species yet, the hotel industry is not very important and therefore its low growth, on the other hand in the municipality takes his own vallenato festival played on guitars and livestock fair attracts large numbers of visitors from neighboring areas mainly in Valledupar. These festivals are held in the months of August and November, respectively, during these days hotel occupancy can get to 100%.
It is expected that in the coming years the municipality have a "ECO-PARK" in the Perijá to protect flora, fauna and water sources found in the heights of the mountains and this in turn attract large numbers loving tourists naturaleza.Ademas the coal boom and agro-energy in the area the hotel sector has decent growth for the coming years.
Festival Vallenato Music on Guitar
The municipality of Agustín Codazzi's main cultural and tourist event is the Festival Vallenato Music on Guitar. Established in 1987 in the air traditional music trios, ride and merengue. Which version is No. 27 and is made in the middle of August. It also celebrates the festivities of the "Virgen Divina Pastora".
Importantly, the event has a great acceptance by the guitar and composer is the national, year after year has been increasing the number of participants, which has allowed the interest of the media for coverage and dissemination of our great event.
- Lugo, Italy