Luzein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Luzein
Luzein -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Luzein
Canton Graubünden
District Prättigau/Davos
46°55′N 9°46′E / 46.917°N 9.767°E / 46.917; 9.767Coordinates: 46°55′N 9°46′E / 46.917°N 9.767°E / 46.917; 9.767
Population 1,206 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 38 /km2 (99 /sq mi)
Area 31.61 km2 (12.20 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 958 m (3,143 ft)
Postal code 7242
SFOS number 3891
Surrounded by Conters im Prättigau, Fideris, Jenaz, Küblis, Sankt Antönien, Schiers
Website www.luzein.ch
SFSO statistics
Luzein is located in Switzerland
Luzein
Luzein

Luzein is a municipality in the district of Prättigau/Davos in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Luzein is first mentioned in 1185 as Luzene.[3]

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Schiers Schiers St. Antönien
Windrose klein.png St. Antönien
Jenaz Fideris Küblis

Geography[edit]

Putz section of Luzein

Luzein has an area, as of 2006, of 31.6 km2 (12.2 sq mi). Of this area, 41.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 46.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (8.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Luzein sub-district of the Prättigau/Davos district (until 2000 part of the former Oberlandquart district). The current municipality was created in 1892 along the right side of the Prättigau valley. It consists of the village of Luzein which is made up of the sections of Buchen, Luzein, Pany and Putz.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is described as Per bend sinister azure an Arrow in bend sinister Or and of the second a Wing sinister in bend sinister of the first.[5] The coat of arms contains the wing of the Freiherr von Matsch and the arrow of the Sprecher family from Luzein.

Demographics[edit]

Luzein has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 1,206.[1] As of 2008, 4.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.7%), with English being second most common ( 0.5%) and Portuguese being third ( 0.5%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Luzein is; 145 children or 13.1% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 157 teenagers or 14.1% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 103 people or 9.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 155 people or 14.0% are between 30 and 39, 168 people or 15.1% are between 40 and 49, and 131 people or 11.8% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 126 people or 11.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 77 people or 6.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 40 people or 3.6% who are between 80 and 89 there are 8 people or 0.7% who are between 90 and 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 40.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (33.9%), the SP (16.7%) and the local, small right-wing parties (4.5%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Luzein about 63.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Luzein has an unemployment rate of 1%. As of 2005, there were 156 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 73 businesses involved in this sector. 73 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 21 businesses in this sector. 107 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 32 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 91 or 8.2% are Roman Catholic, while 895 or 80.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are less than 5 individuals who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 22 individuals (or about 1.98% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 12 (or about 1.08% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 7 individuals (or about 0.63% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 53 (or about 4.77% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 30 individuals (or about 2.70% of the population) did not answer the question.[6]

Village church in Luzein

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1850 954
1900 841
1950 1,127
2000 1,110

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Ruine Castels and the Sprecher-Haus Nr. 66 are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Luzein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 29-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Flags of the World accessed 29 October 2009
  6. ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 29-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]